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Asparagus racemosus

(Indian Asparagus)

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Assamese:


Common Names in Bengali:

Satamul, satamuli

Common Names in Chinese:

Chang Ci Tian Men Dong

Common Names in English:

Indian Asparagus, Satavar, Sataver White, Sataver Yellow, Wild Asparagus

Common Names in French:

Asperge à Longues épines, Asperge De L´inde

Common Names in Hindi:

Sahansarmuli, Sahanspal, Satavar, satawari, Satmuli, Shataavar, Shatamuli, Shatavar, Shatavari, shatavir, Shatavri, Sootmooli

Common Names in Malayalam:

Chatavali, satavali, Satavari, Sataveri

Common Names in Marathi:

Asvel, satavari Mul

Common Names in Nepalese:

Kuriilo (Kurilo), Sataavarii

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Challagadda, hiranyasringi, Satavari, Shataavarii, Shatavari

Common Names in Sanskrit (Saṁskṛta):


Common Names in Tamil:

Kadamoolam, Kilavari, sadavari, Sadha Valli (Kadar), Sathaavari, Shadavaree, Thanni Vuttaan Kodi (Malayali), Tuviputturu (Pand), தண்ணீர்விட்டான் கிழங்கு

Common Names in Telugu:

Challa Gaddalu, Challagadda, Ettavaludutige, Phillitaga, Pilligaddal, Pilligaddalu, Pilliteegalu, Pillitheegalu, Satavari, Shatavri

Common Names in Thai:

Chuang Khruea (Northern Thailand), Sam Sip Central Thailand), ผักชีช้าง

Common Names in Urdu:

Satawar, Shaqaqul Misri

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Mang Tây


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Genus Asparagus

Herbs, shrubs , or vines , perennial , from rhizomes, usually with fusiform tubers, often with fernlike appearance . Stems photosynthetic, erect , spreading or climbing , branched; cladophylls solitary or fasciculate, in nodes of reduced, scarious leaves. Leaves small, scale-like, membranous, or sometimes spiny with hardened base , subtending cladophylls. Inflorescences axillary or terminal , racemose, or umbellate , paired or solitary; racemes short. Flowers bisexual or unisexual ; perianth greenish, white, or yellowish, campanulate to rotate; tepals 6, distinct or shortly connate basally, equal; stamens 6, distinct, equal; anthers versatile, 2-locular, dehiscence introrse ; ovary superior, 3-locular, septal nectaries present; style 3-branched distally; pedicel with conspicuous joint . Fruits baccate , red or purplish black, globose , often with tepals persisting at base. Seeds 1-6, black, globose to angular. x = 10.

Species 170-300: introduced ; Europe, Asia, Africa; some widely introduced, expected elsewhere.

Asparagus is a moderately important horticultural genus, with one species commonly grown for its edible young shoots and a number of others grown ornamentally. The genus is treated here in a broad sense (K . Kubitzki and P. J. Rudall 1998; W. S. Judd 2001) and encompasses species that have been segregated in several genera (A. L. Takhtajan 1997; S. T. Malcomber and Sebsebe D. 1993). Embryological features (P. J. Rudall et al. 1998) and DNA-based analyses (M. W. Chase et al. 1996; M. F. Fay et al. 2000; P. J. Rudall et al. 1997) support the monophyly of Asparagus and the Asparagaceae.[1]


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Publishing author : Willd. Publication : Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 2(1): 152 1799 [Mar 1799]

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Asparagus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 53 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. acerosus (Wild Asparagus) · A. acutifolius (Lesser Asparagus) · A. africanus (African Asparagus) · A. aphyllus (Israel Wild Asparagus) · A. asparagoides (African Asparagus Fern) · A. declinatus (Bridal Veil) · A. densiflorus (Asparagus Fern) · A. densiflorus 'Meyersii' (Meyersii Foxtail Fern Asparagus Densiflorus) · A. densiflorus 'Myersii' (Myer's Foxtail Fern) · A. densiflorus 'Sprengeri Compacta' (Compact Sprenger Asparagus Fern) · A. denudatus (Asparagus Fern) · A. draco (Canary Island Dragon Tree) · A. falcatus (Asparagus Fern) · A. filicinus (Fern Asparagus) · A. graminifolius (Lilyturf) · A. macowanii (Ming Fern) · A. officinalis (Asparagus (Edible)) · A. officinalis officinalis (Asparagus) · A. officinalis prostratus (Wild Asparagus) · A. officinalis 'Ariane' (Asparagus 'ariane') · A. officinalis 'Bejo 2241' (Asparagus 'bejo 2241') · A. officinalis 'Bejo 2245' (Asparagus 'bejo 2245') · A. officinalis 'Millenium' (Asparagus) · A. officinalis 'Raffaelo' (Asparagus 'raffaelo') · A. officinalis 'Ramires' (Asparagus 'ramires') · A. pyramidalis (Asparagus Fern) · A. racemosus (Indian Asparagus) · A. scandens (Climbing Asparagus) · A. setaceus (Asparagus Fern) · A. tenuifolius (Narrow-Leaved Asparagus) · A. terminalis (Chinese Colli) · A. verticillatus (Climbing Asparagus) · A. virgatus (Broom Fern) · A. 'Apollo' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Atlas' (Asparagus) · A. 'Connover's Colossal' (Asparagus) · A. 'Dariana' (Asparagus) · A. 'French Market' (Asparagus) · A. 'Golia' (Asparagus) · A. 'Grande' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Ida Lea' (Asparagus) · A. 'Jersey Gem' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Jersey Giant' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Jersey King' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Jersey Knight' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Jersey Supreme' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Marte' (Asparagus) · A. 'Martha Washington' (Hybrid Asparagus) · A. 'Mary Washington' (Mary Washington Hybrid Asparagus Asparagus) · A. 'Precoce D'argenteuil' (Asparagus) · A. 'Purple Passion' (Asparagus) · A. 'Theilim' (Asparagus) · A. 'Uc 157' (Hybrid Asparagus)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:



  1. Gerald B. Straley  & Frederick H. Utech "Asparagus". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 20, 50, 53, 54, 213. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2/1/2015