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Areca ipot

(Ipot Palm)


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Threat status

Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Ipot Palm


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Genus Areca

Solitary or small clump-forming palms, stem annulate , slender, smooth , unarmed , 0.5-25 cm in diameter. Leaves pinnate, pinnae mostly narrow, often with 2 or more principal ribs , long acuminate, rather short stiff. Base of leaf stalk usually forming a prominent shining swollen crown shaft. Leaflets thin, often confluent . Inflorescence much branched, borne at the base of the crown shaft. Female flowers in triads at the base of the rachillae, male flowers small, variously arranged on the upper part of rachillae; sepals small; petals much large, obliquely lanceolate, valvate ; stamens 3-6 (-12-24) or more; anthers basifixed , erect ; female flowers on the base of the rachillae larger than the male, sepals and petals imbricate, petals acute; ovary one-chambered, stigmas 3, very short; ovule one, basal, erect. Fruit ovoid or oblong , exocarp fleshy , fibrous . Seeds with truncate base, embryo basilar.

A genus with c.48 species, distributed from N. W. India, Ceylon, Indo-China, Malesia to the Solomon Islands and Queensland. It[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .


Size: 10-12' tall.


Biome: Terrestrial [2].

Ecology: A species of streamsides and forest at low to medium altitude . (Ref. 255371).


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Culture: Space 36-48" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 6.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 11. (map)


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Areca

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 17 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. alicae (Australian Areca Palm) · A. catecha (Betel-Nut Palm) · A. catechu (Areca Palm) · A. catechu var. alba (Golden Betel-Nut Palm) · A. catechu 'Dwarf' (Dwarf Betel-Nut Palm) · A. concinna (Areca Palm) · A. costulata (Palm) · A. gracilis (Indian Areca Palm) · A. guppyana (Sacred Palm) · A. hutchinsoniana (Areca Palm) · A. ipot (Ipot Palm) · A. lutescens (Champagne Palm (As H Indica)) · A. macrocalyx (Dwarf Bettle Nut Palm) · A. macrocarpa (Palm) · A. triandra (Palm) · A. vestiaria (Orange Crownshaft Palm) · A. vestiaria 'Maroon' (Orange Crownshaft Palm)

More Info

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Further Reading

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  1. Kamal A. Malik "Areca". in Flora of Pakistan Page 3. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. Madulid, D. 1998. Areca ipot. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 January 2012. [back]
Last Revised: 2/1/2015