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Apium graveolens

(Bai Khuen Chai)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Karafs, Karfas, Krafis, كرفس, كَرَفْس, كَرْفَس

Common Names in Armenian:

Laḫot Karos, Lakhod Garos, Laxot Karos, Լախոտ Կարոս

Common Names in Azerbaijani:

Käräviz, Kərəviz, Кәрәвиз

Common Names in Basque:

Api, Perretxilleze

Common Names in Bengali:

Chanu (Hinet), Chiluri, Randhuni (Hinet)

Common Names in Bulgarian:

Celina, Tselina, Целина

Common Names in Catalan:

Api

Common Names in Chinese:

Qin, Qin Cai (Cantonese Kun Choi, Tawanese Kin Tsai), Zhong Guo Qin Cai

Common Names in Croatian:

Celer

Common Names in Czech:

Celer, Miřík Celer

Common Names in Danish:

(Rod) Selleri, Bladselleri, Blegselleri, Knoldselleri, Strandselleri, Vild Selleri

Common Names in Dutch:

Bladselderij, Eppe, Groene Selder, Juffrouwmerk, Knolselderij, Selderie, Selderij, Snijselderij, Struikselderij

Common Names in English:

Bai Khuen Chai, Blanching Celery, Celeriac, Celery, Celery-Root, Chinese Celery, Cutting Celery, Garden Celery, Kin-Tsai, Knob Celery, Leaf Celery, Marsh Parsley, Root Celery, Seasoning Celery, Seed Celery, Smallage, Soup Celery, Thai Celery, Thin-Stemmed Celery, Turnip-Root Celery (Usa), Turnip-Rooted Celery, Wild Celery

Common Names in Esperanto:

Celerio

Common Names in Estonian:

Aedseller, Seller

Common Names in Finnish:

Mukula Eli Juuriselleri, Ruokaselleri, Selleri

Common Names in French:

Ache Des Marais, Ache Douce, Ache Odorante, Céleri, Céleri à Blanchir, Céleri à Couper, Céleri Branche, Céleri Rave, Céleri

Common Names in Georgian:

Niaḫuri, Niakhuri, Niaxuri, ნიახური

Common Names in German:

Bleich-Sellerie (), Eppich, Knollen-Sellerie, Knollensellerie, Schnitt-Sellerie, Schnittsellerie, Sellerie, Stangensellerie, Staudensellerie, Stiel-Sellerie, Stielsellerie, Wurzel-Sellerie, Wurzelsellerie

Common Names in Greek, Modern:

Sélēno, Selino, Selinon, Σέληνο, Σέλινο

Common Names in Gujarati:

Ajamoda, Bodi Ajamoda, Bodiajamoda

Common Names in Hebrew:

Carpas Reychani, Karpass Rehani, Kerfes Rihani, Seleri, כרפס ריחני, סלרי

Common Names in Hindi:

Ajmud, Bari Ajmud, Bariajmud, Shalari, शलारी

Common Names in Hungarian:

Zeller

Common Names in Icelandic:

Selja, Sellerí

Common Names in Italian:

Sedano, Sedano Comune, Sedano Rapa

Common Names in Japanese:

Oranda Mitsuba, Oranda-Mutsuba, Se-Ro-Ri, Serori, セロリ

Common Names in Kazakh:

Baldırkök, Baldyrkök, Балдыркөк

Common Names in Khmer:

Khin Chhay

Common Names in Korean:

Sel-Reo-Ri, Sel-Reo-Ri Si-Deu, Selleori, Selleori Sidu, Sellori, 셀러리, 셀러리 시드

Common Names in Lao:

Si Sang

Common Names in Laotian:

Phak Sen Leu Ri

Common Names in Latvian:

Selērijas

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Valgomasis Salieras

Common Names in Malay:

Daun Sop, Elderi

Common Names in Maltese:

Krafes

Common Names in Marathi:

Ajmoda

Common Names in Norwegian:

Hageselleri, Selleri, Stilkselleri

Common Names in Persian:

Karafs, ḱrfs, کرفس

Common Names in Polish:

Nasiona Selera, Seler, Seler Korzeniowy, Seler Zwyczajny, Selery Korzeniowe, Selery Naciowe, Selery Zwyczajne

Common Names in Portuguese:

Aipo, Salsão

Common Names in Provençal:

Api, Celeri

Common Names in Romanian:

Graveolens, Țelină

Common Names in Russian:

Chereshkovyi Sel´derei, Kornevoi Sel´derei, Listovoi Sel´derei, Sel´derei (Sel´derej), Sel´derei Kornevoi, Sel'derej, Selderej, Shnitt-Sel´derei, Сельдерей

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Ajamoda, Ajmoda

Common Names in Scottish Gaelic:

Lus Na Smalaig

Common Names in Slovak:

Zeler, Zeler Voňavý, Zelerové Semená (Seeds), Zelerové Semená

Common Names in Slovenian:

Zelena

Common Names in Spanish:

Api (Catalan), Apio, Apio Borde, Apio De Agua, Apio Nabo, Apio Papa, Apio Rábano, Apio Tradicional, Apirrábano

Common Names in Sundanese:

Saladri

Common Names in Swedish:

Bladselleri, Blekselleri, Kintsai, Rotselleri, Selleri

Common Names in Tagalog:

Kinchay

Common Names in Tamil:

Ajmod

Common Names in Telugu:

Ajumoda

Common Names in Thai:

Ceun Chai, Ceun Chai Farang, Khuen Chai (Khen Chaai), Phak Khao Puen, Phak Puem, Phak Puen, Seleri, คึ่นฉ่าย, คึ่นช่ายฝรั่ง, เซเลอรี่

Common Names in Turkish:

Kereviz, Kerfes, Yabanî Kerevizi, Yabanî Kerevizi

Common Names in Ukrainian:

Selera, Selera Paḫuča, Selera Pakhucha, Селера, Селера пахуча

Common Names in Urdu:

Ajmod, Ajmod (Ajmud)

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Cần Tây

Common Names in Yiddish:

Selerie

Description

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Genus Apium

Herbs, annual or biennial, glabrous . Stem erect , ridged and shallowly fluted . Leaves petiolate , with membranous sheaths ; leaf blade pinnate to ternate-pinnately compound . Umbels compound, loose to subcompact; peduncles usually short or abortive ; bracts and bracteoles absent; rays few, spreading-ascending or spreading ; umbellules few-flowered. Petals white or greenish-yellow, ovate to suborbicular , apex narrow, inflexed . Calyx teeth obsolete . Stylopodium low-conic to depressed ; styles short, erect to reflexed . Fruit globose to ellipsoid , rounded at both ends, slightly compressed laterally, mericarp nearly rounded in cross section , commissural face constricted , glabrous; ribs 5, prominent , acute; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure . Seed face plane. Carpophore stout, entire or bifid at the apex.

About 20 species: widespread in the temperate zones of both hemispheres; one species (introduced ) in China.[1]

Physical Description

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 12-18" tall.

Habitat

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 5,031 meters (0 to 16,506 feet).[2]

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 9-12" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Taxonomy

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Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 10-Jul-1996

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Apium

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 159 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

A. anisum (Anise Burnet Saxifrage) · A. filiforme (Wild Celery Tutaekoau) · A. graveolens (Bai Khuen Chai) · A. graveolens Chinese celery (Kun Choi) · A. graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin (Celeriac) · A. graveolens var. dulce (Wild Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Apollo' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Baja' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Bishop' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Blues' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Brydons Prize Red' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Calmario' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Celebration' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Celebrity' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Challenger' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Chorus' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Claret' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Clayworth Pink' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Clean Cut' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Comet' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Command' (Celery 'command') · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Compak 2' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Compak I' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Conquistador' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Copernico' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Cornell 6' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Darklet' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Daybreak' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Deacon' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Delmar' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Del Valdarno' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Dutchess' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Early Belle' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Early Dell' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Elne' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Emerson Pascal' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Fiesta' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Floribelle M9' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Florida 683' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Florida Slobolt M68' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Florigreen' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Florimart' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Fm-D5' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Fm Green E5a' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Fuerte' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Giant Gilded' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Giant Pascal' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Giant Red Stalk' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Glademaster' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Golden Pascal' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Golden Plume 4162' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Golden Self Blanching' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Golden Spartan' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Grande' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Greensleeves' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green Bay' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green Giant' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green King' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green Light' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green Light Tall Strain' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Green Utah' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Hercules' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Hero' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Holiday' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Hopkins Fenlander' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Jazz' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Kukai 70' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Lathom Self Blanching Galaxy' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Loretta' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Loret' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'M-R' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'M0r' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Mammoth White' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Matador' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Michigan State Green Gold' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Octavius' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Pacifica' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Pascal 259-19' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Pascal 284' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Peto 285' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Picador' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Plein Blanc Pascal' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Ponderosa' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Promise' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Redventure' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Red Stalk' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Rocket' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Rosso Di Torino' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Sabroso' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Saladeer' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Sigfrido' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Slow Bolting Green 12' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Slow Bolting Green 13b' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Slow Bolting Green 96' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Sonora' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Spartan 162' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Starlet' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Summer Pascal' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Summit' (Celery) · A. graveolens var. dulce 'Supreme Golden' (Celery)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Apium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 76. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Mean = 536.090 meters (1,758.825 feet), Standard Deviation = 820.720 based on 40,794 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-04-14