Common Names in English:
Forked Lineleaf Fern
40, species ca. 1000 (13 genera, 90 sp: worldwide.
Considerable disagreement exists concerning the circumscription and proper name of this family . The taxa comprising the Pteridaceae in this treatment were assigned to the Sinopteridaceae and Pteridaceae by D. B . Lellinger (1985) and were included in five families by R. E. G. Pichi-Sermolli (1977). The broad concept followed here is similar (except for the exclusion of Ceratopteris ) to that espoused by R. M. Tryon and A. F. Tryon (1982), who applied the name Pteridaceae to the group. Until very recently, the newer name Adiantaceae was more commonly used.
As represented in North America, Pteridaceae comprise three major evolutionary lines (the adiantoids, the pteroids, and the cheilanthoids). Characteristics holding the family together include abaxial (usually submarginal ) sori that lack indusia or are protected by a reflexed or revolute leaf margin , spores that are usually globose-tetrahedral and trilete, and chromosome base numbers of 30 or 29 (rarely 27). The xeric-adapted members of the family (particularly the cheilanthoids) have undergone extensive parallel and convergent evolution, and they have frustrated attempts to produce a natural generic classification based on macromorphologic characteristics alone. Although some workers have aggregated species into a few large genera (e.g. , J. T. Mickel 1979b), most tend to recognize smaller segregate genera based on a combination of morphologic, chromosomal, and biochemical data. The latter approach seems to provide a more useful, evolutionarily informative classification and is the one adopted here. Aspidotis and Notholaena are maintained here as distinct from Cheilanthes, and three recently described genera ( Argyrochosma, Astrolepis, and Pentagramma ) have been incorporated into the treatment. The reasons for these changes in generic circumscription are discussed under the individual genera.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,936 meters (0 to 16,194 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997, Nom. Nud.
- Class: Polypodiopsida () - Cronquist et al.
- Infraphylum: Moniliformopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997, Nom. Nud.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Antrophyum Cajennense • Antrophyum cajennense (Desv.) Kaulf. • Hemionitis Cajenensis • Hemionitis cajenensis Desv. • Polytaenium cajenense (Desv.) Benedict
: Spreng. Publication
: Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel]
4(1): 67 1827 [shortly before 7 Jan 1827]
Basionym author: (Desv.)
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Antrophyum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 5 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
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- Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. London: The Natural History Museum, c1993-2002. url p. 95.
- Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala. Robert G. Stolze; the genus Elaphoglossum by: John T. Mickel; the genus Thelypteris by: Alan R. Smith. 6 1981 Chicago, Ill.: Field Museum of Natural History, 1981. url p. 439.
- Pteridophyta of Peru. Rolla M. Tryon, Robert G. Stolze. 22 1989 Chicago, Ill.: Field Museum of Natural History, c1989. url fig. 17 , p. 85, p. 87.
- Lellinger, D. B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns & Fern-allies of the United States & Canada. Washington.
- Mickel, J. T. 1979b. The fern genus Cheilanthes in the continental United States. Phytologia 41: 431--437.
- Pichi-Sermolli, R. E. G. 1977. Tentamen pteridophytorum genera in taxonomicum ordinem redigendi. Webbia 31: 313--512.
- Tryon, R. M. and A. F. Tryon. 1982. Ferns and Allied Plants, with Special Reference to Tropical America. New York, Heidelberg, and Berlin.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 16, 2007:
- Herbarium of the University of Aarhus, The AAU Herbarium Database
- Herbier de la Guyane, Herbier de la Guyane
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2663930
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-184056
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13729799
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:1091971-2
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 184056
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 1091971-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ANCA28
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 20220
- Michael D. Windham "Pteridaceae". in Flora of North America Vol. 2. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 573.890 meters (1,882.841 feet), Standard Deviation = 741.120 based on 307 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]