Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Annual Bugloss, Annual Bugloss Anchusa Arvensis, Bugloss, Small Bugloss
Common Names in Romanian:
, biennial, or annual
, less often lianas, shrubs
, or trees
, usually bristly
or scabrous-pubescent. Leaves simple
, alternate, rarely opposite, entire or serrate at margin
. Inflorescences often double
scorpioid cymes, rarely solitary; bracts present or absent. Flowers bisexual
, rarely zygomorphic. Calyx usually 5-parted or lobed
, mostly persistent
. Corolla tubular
, rotate, funnelform
, or salverform
5, rarely more, mostly trapeziform, rarely absent, sometimes a ring
present; limb usually 5-parted; lobes
overlapping, rarely twisted in bud. Stamens 5, inserted
on corolla tube or rarely at throat
or rarely exserted; anthers
, 2-loculed, usually dorsifixed
, less often medifixed
, dehiscence longitudinal
. Nectaries at base of corolla tube or on disc below ovary. Ovary superior, 2-carpellate; locules 2 and each with 2 ovules, or 4 and each with 1 ovule; ovules nearly atropous
, semianatropous, or anatropous
. Style terminal
, branched or not. Gynobase
, or subulate
. Fruit 1-4-seeded drupes or nutlets
(mericarps) ; nutlets mostly dry, often ornamented with wings
, prickles and/or glochids (stiff bristles
or anchorlike tips
) . Seeds vertical
membranous; embryo straight, less often curved
; cotyledons flat, fleshy
About 156 genera and 2500 species: temperate and tropical regions , centered in the Mediterranean region; 47 genera and 294 species in China, of which four genera and 156 species are endemic.
, sparsely strigose
, rarely soft appressed
. Stems erect
. Leaves alternate. Cymes terminal
, widely spaced in fruit, scorpioid; bracts lanceolate. Calyx 5-parted nearly to base
or less; lobes
equal or unequal, linear
to triangular, often slightly enlarged in fruit. Corolla blue-purple or yellowish, regular or slightly zygomorphic; tube
than calyx, straight or arcuate
and short pubescent; limb campanulate
; lobes 5, equal or unequal, apex obtuse
. Stamens inserted
at or below middle
of corolla tube, included
ovate-oblong, apex obtuse. Ovary 4-divided. Style included in corolla tube; stigma capitate, 2-cleft. Gynobase
, or oblique-ovoid, reticulate-wrinkled; attachment scar
at or near base, margin
ringlike, thickened, hardened.
About 50 species: N Africa, C and W Asia, Europe; one species in China.
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May, June, July, August. • Flower Color: light blue
Size: 6-12" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,701 meters (0 to 15,423 feet).
Culture: Space 3-6" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: Not Applicable (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Solananae () - R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Aira atropurpurea Wahlenb. • Deschampsia atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Scheele • Deschampsia atropurpurea var. latifolia (Hook.) Scribn. Ex Macoun • Deschampsia atropurpurea var. paramushirensis Kudo • Deschampsia atropurpurea var. payettii Lepage • Deschampsia pacifica Tatew. & Ohwi • Vahlodea atropurpurea latifolia (Hook.) Porsild • Vahlodea atropurpurea paramushirensis (Kudo) Hultén • Vahlodea flexuosa (Honda) Ohwi • Vahlodea latifolia (Hook.) Hultén
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Anchusa
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 11 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
A. arvensis (Annual Bugloss) · A. azurea (Italian Alkanet) · A. azurea 'Dropmore' (Italian Alkanet) · A. azurea 'Feltham Pride' (Italian Alkanet) · A. azurea 'Loddon Royalist' (Italian Alkanet) · A. barrelieri (Barrelier's Bugloss) · A. capensis (Cape Bugloss) · A. capensis 'Blue Angel' (Summer Forget-Me-Not) · A. officinalis (Alkanet) · A. tinctoria (Alkanet) · A. undulata (Undulate Alkanet)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, GEO Biodiversity Day
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Herbarium Willing
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Botany
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Environment and Heritage Service - EHS Species Datasets
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Scottish Borders Biological Records Centre - SWT Scottish Borders Local Wildlife Site Survey data 1996-2000 - species information
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2663401
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-182243
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 3027485
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:113197-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 416237
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 182243
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 113196-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDBOR02010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ANAR16
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 19358
- Gelin Zhu, Harald Riedl & Rudolf V. Kamelin "Boraginaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 329. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Anchusa". in Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 358. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 861.480 meters (2,826.378 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,026.900 based on 7,233 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]