Low or stemless succulent from Africa, with prickly margined , pointed leaves that exude a yellowish, gelatinous , medicinal sap when cut . The yellow flowers are borne on stalks up to about three feet tall.
- This is the aloe of commerce and source of bitter aloe. Most of the world's supply is grown in southern Texas and adjacent northwestern Mexico and the West Indies. The species is thought to be native to the Atlantic islands and is widely used as an indoor ornamental . It is often cultivated outdoors in the southwestern United States, where it occasionally escapes . [source]
- The sap from the Aloe is considered very helpful for burns and abrasions and other skin problems such as athlete's foot .
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Aloe Vera, Barbados Aloe, Burn Plant, Curaçao Aloe, Medicinal Aloe, Savila, True Aloe, Unguentine Cactus, West Indian Aloe
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Babosa, Babosa-Medicinal, Erva-Babosa
Common Names in Spanish:
Acibar, Aloe, Sávila
succulent, shrubby or arborescent
. Stems erect
, branched or not. Leaves succulent, crowded, often rosulate or distichous; blade
spiny-toothed or entire. Inflorescences axillary
to more often racemose, dense, bracteate
. Flowers usually nodding
; perianth red to yellow; tepals connate
basally to almost entirely into tube
; stamens 3 or 6; style slender; pedicel not articulate
. Capsules papery
to woody. x
Species 300 or more: introduced ; primarily s and tropical Africa; also Madagascar, Arabian peninsula, and Atlantic islands (Madeira , Canary, and Cape Verde) ; naturalized in the Mediterranean region, India, and China.
Species Aloe vera
Plants short-stemmed, woody-based, stoloniferous . Stems to 50 cm; scarious leaf sheaths persistent . Leaves alternate, rosulate to distichous, 10-50 × 10-70 cm; blade glaucous-green to variegated with small white or glaucous dots, irregular bands , or blotches, often reddish near apex or margins , lanceolate to ensate, tapering from base to apex, glabrous , margins green, spiny-toothed, teeth 1-1.5 cm apart. Inflorescences terminal , usually unbranched, racemose, 10-15 dm, usually covered with scalelike bracts; racemes cylindrical, dense, 0.5 m ; bracts glabrous or puberulent , with 3 prominent purple veins that are confluent at tips . Flowers: perianth yellow; tepals prominently 3-veined, connate basally for 1/2 their length , lobes broadly linear to oblong-lanceolate, apex rounded ; stamens 6, included to slightly exserted, slightly unequal; filaments 2-2.5 cm; anthers 2.5-4 mm; style usually exserted; stigmas not expanded; pedicel 2.2-3.3 cm. Capsules somewhat elongate . 2n = 14. Flowering spring--winter, occasionally at other times. [source]
Habit: Evergreen .
Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May. • Flower Color: goldyellow-orange
Size: 18-24" tall.
Hammocks , sandy areas, roadsides, and similar places in full sun ; 0 and 1300 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,653 meters (0 to 15,266 feet).
Culture: Space 18-24" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Aloe perfoliata Thunb. Var. vera L. • Aloe perfoliata var. vera L. • Aloe perfoliata vera L. • Aloe vulgaris Lam.
Publishing author : Mill . Publication : Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 15 1768 [16 Apr 1768]
Members of the genus Aloe
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 279 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
A. aculeata (Aloe) · A. acutissima (Aloe) · A. acutissima var. antanimorensis (Aloe) · A. affinis (Aloe) · A. africana (Spiny Aloe) · A. albiflora (Aloe) · A. alooides (Aloe) · A. amudatensis (Aloe) · A. andongensis (Aloe) · A. andringitrensis (Aloe) · A. angelica (Aloe) · A. arborescens (Candelabra Aloe) · A. arenicola (Aloe) · A. aristata (Guinea Fowl Aloe) · A. asperifolia (Aloe) · A. audhalica (Audhali Aloe) · A. bakeri (Dwarf Aloe) · A. ballyi (Rat Aloe) · A. barbadensis var. chinensis (Aloe) · A. barberae (Giant Tree Aloe) · A. barberiae (Boomaalwyn) · A. bellatula (Aloe) · A. berhana (Aloe) · A. betsileensis (Aloe) · A. bowiea (Aloe) · A. branddraaiensis (Aloe) · A. brevifolia (Aloe) · A. brevifolia var. depressa (Aloe) · A. broomii (Aloe) · A. broomii var. tarkaensis (Aloe) · A. buchlohii (Aloe) · A. buettneri (Aloe) · A. buhrii (Aloe) · A. bulbilifera (Aloe) · A. bulbillifera var. paulianae (Aloe) · A. burgersfortensis (Aloe) · A. bussei (Aloe) · A. cameronii (Aloe) · A. cameronii var. dedzana (Aloe) · A. camperi (Aloe) · A. camperi 'Cornuta' (Aloe) · A. capitata (Aloe) · A. capitata var. cipolinicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. gneissicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. quartziticola (Aloe) · A. castanea (Cats Tail Aloe) · A. castanea x vryheidensis (Aloe) · A. castellorum (Aloe) · A. chabaudii (Aloe) · A. chabaudii 'Transvaal Form' (Aloe) · A. cheranganiensis (Aloe) · A. ciliaris (Climbing Aloe) · A. classenii (Aloe) · A. collenetteae (Aloe) · A. comosa (Clanwilliam Aloe) · A. comptonii (Aloe) · A. concinna (Aloe) · A. confusa (Aloe) · A. conifera (Aloe) · A. cooperi (Aloe) · A. craibii (Grass Aloe) · A. cryptoflora (Aloe) · A. cryptopoda (Aloe) · A. dawei 'Jacob's Ladder' (Dawes Aloe) · A. decaryi (Aloe) · A. delphinensis (Aloe) · A. deltoideodonta (Aloe) · A. descoingsii (Aloe) · A. dhufarensis (Aloe) · A. dichotoma (Kokerboom) · A. dinteri (Namibia Partridge Breast Aloe) · A. diolii (Aloe) · A. distans (Golden Tooth Aloe) · A. divaricata (Aloe) · A. dorotheae (Aloe) · A. dyeri (Aloe) · A. elegans (Aloe) · A. elgonica (Aloe) · A. ellenbeckii (Aloe) · A. erinacea x arborescens (Aloe) · A. eru (Aloe) · A. esculenta (Aloe) · A. excelsa (Noble Aloe) · A. falcata (Aloe) · A. ferox (Aloe) · A. fibrosa (Aloe) · A. fleurentinorum (Aloe) · A. flexilifolia (Aloe) · A. fosteri (Aloe) · A. fragilis (Aloe) · A. framesii (Aloe) · A. gariepensis (Aloe) · A. gerstneri (Aloe) · A. glauca (Blue Aloe) · A. glauca var. Glauca (Blouaalwyn) · A. glauca var. spinosior (Aloe) · A. globuligemma (Aloe) · A. gracilis (Aloe) · A. grandidentata (Bontaalwyn) · A. greatheadii (Aloe)
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- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:103718-3
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- "Aloe vera". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 411. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 1,517.650 meters (4,979.167 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,400.730 based on 63 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]