font settings and languages

Font Size: Large | Normal | Small
Font Face: Verdana | Geneva | Georgia

Aloe vera

(Aloe Vera)


[ Back to top ]

Low or stemless succulent from Africa, with prickly margined , pointed leaves that exude a yellowish, gelatinous , medicinal sap when cut . The yellow flowers are borne on stalks up to about three feet tall.

Interesting Facts

[ Back to top ]

Common Names

[ Back to top ]

Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Amharic:


Common Names in Arabic:

صبر حقيقي

Common Names in Azerbaijani:

Əsl əzvay

Common Names in Bengali, Bangla:


Common Names in Bulgarian:

Алое вера

Common Names in Burmese:


Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Àloe vera

Common Names in Chinese:


Common Names in Dutch:

Aloë vera

Common Names in English:

Aloe Vera, Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Bitter aloes, Burn Plant, Curaçao Aloe, Curaçao aloe, Medicinal Aloe, Medicine plant, Savila, True Aloe, Unguentine Cactus, West Indian Aloe

Common Names in Esperanto:

Aloo vera

Common Names in Finnish:


Common Names in French:

Aloès Vulgaire

Common Names in Galician:

Áloe vera

Common Names in German:

Echte Aloe

Common Names in Greek (modern):

Αλόη η γνησία

Common Names in Haitian, Haitian Creole:

Pye lalwa

Common Names in Hebrew (modern):


Common Names in Hindi:

घृत कुमारी

Common Names in Indonesian:

Lidah Buaya

Common Names in Japanese:


Common Names in Javanese:

Ilat baya

Common Names in Kazakh:

Алоэ вера

Common Names in Latvian:


Common Names in Macedonian:

Алое вера

Common Names in Malay:

Pokok Lidah Buaya

Common Names in Malayalam:


Common Names in Nepali:

घिउ कुमारी

Common Names in Persian (Farsi):


Common Names in Polish:

Aloes zwyczajny

Common Names in Portuguese:

Babosa, Babosa-Medicinal, Erva-Babosa

Common Names in Russian:

Алоэ настоящее

Common Names in Sanskrit (Saṁskṛta):


Common Names in Serbian:

Обична алоја

Common Names in Slovak:

Aloa pravá

Common Names in Spanish:

Acibar, Aloe, Sávila

Common Names in Sundanese:

Lidah buaya

Common Names in Swedish:

Äkta aloe

Common Names in Telugu:


Common Names in Thai:


Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):


Common Names in Turkish:

Tıbbi sarısabır

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Lô hội


[ Back to top ]

Genus Aloe

Plants succulent, shrubby or arborescent , scapose . Stems erect , clambering or ascending , branched or not. Leaves succulent, crowded, often rosulate or distichous; blade margins spiny-toothed or entire. Inflorescences axillary or terminal , paniculate to more often racemose, dense, bracteate . Flowers usually nodding ; perianth red to yellow; tepals connate basally to almost entirely into tube ; stamens 3 or 6; style slender; pedicel not articulate . Capsules papery to woody. x = 7.

Species 300 or more: introduced ; primarily s and tropical Africa; also Madagascar, Arabian peninsula, and Atlantic islands (Madeira , Canary, and Cape Verde) ; naturalized in the Mediterranean region, India, and China.[1]

Physical Description

Species Aloe vera

Plants short-stemmed, woody-based, stoloniferous . Stems to 50 cm; scarious leaf sheaths persistent . Leaves alternate, rosulate to distichous, 10-50 × 10-70 cm; blade glaucous-green to variegated with small white or glaucous dots, irregular bands , or blotches, often reddish near apex or margins , lanceolate to ensate, tapering from base to apex, glabrous , margins green, spiny-toothed, teeth 1-1.5 cm apart. Inflorescences terminal , usually unbranched, racemose, 10-15 dm, usually covered with scalelike bracts; racemes cylindrical, dense, 0.5 m ; bracts glabrous or puberulent , with 3 prominent purple veins that are confluent at tips . Flowers: perianth yellow; tepals prominently 3-veined, connate basally for 1/2 their length , lobes broadly linear to oblong-lanceolate, apex rounded ; stamens 6, included to slightly exserted, slightly unequal; filaments 2-2.5 cm; anthers 2.5-4 mm; style usually exserted; stigmas not expanded; pedicel 2.2-3.3 cm. Capsules somewhat elongate . 2n = 14. Flowering spring--winter, occasionally at other times. [source]

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May. • Flower Color: goldyellow-orange


Size: 18-24" tall.


Hammocks , sandy areas, roadsides, and similar places in full sun ; 0 and 1300 m [2].

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,653 meters (0 to 15,266 feet).[3]


[ Back to top ]


Culture: Space 18-24" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)


[ Back to top ]


Aloe perfoliata Thunb. Var. vera L. • Aloe perfoliata var. vera L. • Aloe perfoliata vera L. • Aloe vulgaris Lam.


Publishing author : Mill . Publication : Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 15 1768 [16 Apr 1768]

Similar Species

[ Back to top ]

Members of the genus Aloe

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 280 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

A. aculeata (Aloe) · A. acutissima (Aloe) · A. acutissima var. antanimorensis (Aloe) · A. affinis (Aloe) · A. africana (Spiny Aloe) · A. albiflora (Aloe) · A. alooides (Aloe) · A. amudatensis (Aloe) · A. andongensis (Aloe) · A. andringitrensis (Aloe) · A. angelica (Aloe) · A. arborescens (Candelabra Aloe) · A. arenicola (Aloe) · A. aristata (Guinea Fowl Aloe) · A. asperifolia (Aloe) · A. audhalica (Audhali Aloe) · A. bakeri (Dwarf Aloe) · A. ballyi (Rat Aloe) · A. barbadensis var. chinensis (Aloe) · A. barberae (Giant Tree Aloe) · A. barberiae (Boomaalwyn) · A. bellatula (Aloe) · A. berhana (Aloe) · A. betsileensis (Aloe) · A. bowiea (Aloe) · A. branddraaiensis (Aloe) · A. brevifolia (Aloe) · A. brevifolia var. depressa (Aloe) · A. broomii (Aloe) · A. broomii var. tarkaensis (Aloe) · A. buchlohii (Aloe) · A. buettneri (Aloe) · A. buhrii (Aloe) · A. bulbilifera (Aloe) · A. bulbillifera var. paulianae (Aloe) · A. burgersfortensis (Aloe) · A. bussei (Aloe) · A. cameronii (Aloe) · A. cameronii var. dedzana (Aloe) · A. camperi (Aloe) · A. camperi 'Cornuta' (Aloe) · A. capitata (Aloe) · A. capitata var. cipolinicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. gneissicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. quartziticola (Aloe) · A. castanea (Cats Tail Aloe) · A. castanea x vryheidensis (Aloe) · A. castellorum (Aloe) · A. chabaudii (Aloe) · A. chabaudii 'Transvaal Form' (Aloe) · A. cheranganiensis (Aloe) · A. ciliaris (Climbing Aloe) · A. classenii (Aloe) · A. collenetteae (Aloe) · A. comosa (Clanwilliam Aloe) · A. comptonii (Aloe) · A. concinna (Aloe) · A. confusa (Aloe) · A. conifera (Aloe) · A. cooperi (Aloe) · A. craibii (Grass Aloe) · A. cryptoflora (Aloe) · A. cryptopoda (Aloe) · A. dawei 'Jacob's Ladder' (Dawes Aloe) · A. decaryi (Aloe) · A. delphinensis (Aloe) · A. deltoideodonta (Aloe) · A. descoingsii (Aloe) · A. dhufarensis (Aloe) · A. dichotoma (Kokerboom) · A. dinteri (Namibia Partridge Breast Aloe) · A. diolii (Aloe) · A. distans (Golden Tooth Aloe) · A. divaricata (Aloe) · A. dorotheae (Aloe) · A. dyeri (Aloe) · A. elegans (Aloe) · A. elgonica (Aloe) · A. ellenbeckii (Aloe) · A. erinacea x arborescens (Aloe) · A. eru (Aloe) · A. esculenta (Aloe) · A. excelsa (Noble Aloe) · A. falcata (Aloe) · A. ferox (Aloe) · A. fibrosa (Aloe) · A. fleurentinorum (Aloe) · A. flexilifolia (Aloe) · A. fosteri (Aloe) · A. fragilis (Aloe) · A. framesii (Aloe) · A. gariepensis (Aloe) · A. gerstneri (Aloe) · A. glauca (Blue Aloe) · A. glauca var. Glauca (Blouaalwyn) · A. glauca var. spinosior (Aloe) · A. globuligemma (Aloe) · A. gracilis (Aloe) · A. grandidentata (Bontaalwyn) · A. greatheadii (Aloe)

More Info

[ Back to top ]

Further Reading

[ Back to top ]


[ Back to top ]


Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 16, 2007:



  1. "Aloe". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 410. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
  2. "Aloe vera". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 411. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
  3. Mean = 1,517.650 meters (4,979.167 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,400.730 based on 63 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06