Common Names in English:
Aloe, Bitter Aloe, Cape Aloe, Tap Aloe
succulent, shrubby or arborescent
. Stems erect
, branched or not. Leaves succulent, crowded, often rosulate or distichous; blade
spiny-toothed or entire. Inflorescences axillary
to more often racemose, dense, bracteate
. Flowers usually nodding
; perianth red to yellow; tepals connate
basally to almost entirely into tube
; stamens 3 or 6; style slender; pedicel not articulate
. Capsules papery
to woody. x
Species 300 or more: introduced ; primarily s and tropical Africa; also Madagascar, Arabian peninsula, and Atlantic islands (Madeira , Canary, and Cape Verde) ; naturalized in the Mediterranean region, India, and China.
Flowers: Bloom Period: December. • Flower Color: dark red, gold, near white, orange, red, red-orange, scarlet, white, yellow-orange
Size: 4-6' tall.
Culture: Space 4-6' apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 06-Jan-2005
Members of the genus Aloe
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 279 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
A. aculeata (Aloe) · A. acutissima (Aloe) · A. acutissima var. antanimorensis (Aloe) · A. affinis (Aloe) · A. africana (Spiny Aloe) · A. albiflora (Aloe) · A. alooides (Aloe) · A. amudatensis (Aloe) · A. andongensis (Aloe) · A. andringitrensis (Aloe) · A. angelica (Aloe) · A. arborescens (Candelabra Aloe) · A. arenicola (Aloe) · A. aristata (Guinea Fowl Aloe) · A. asperifolia (Aloe) · A. audhalica (Audhali Aloe) · A. bakeri (Dwarf Aloe) · A. ballyi (Rat Aloe) · A. barbadensis var. chinensis (Aloe) · A. barberae (Giant Tree Aloe) · A. barberiae (Boomaalwyn) · A. bellatula (Aloe) · A. berhana (Aloe) · A. betsileensis (Aloe) · A. bowiea (Aloe) · A. branddraaiensis (Aloe) · A. brevifolia (Aloe) · A. brevifolia var. depressa (Aloe) · A. broomii (Aloe) · A. broomii var. tarkaensis (Aloe) · A. buchlohii (Aloe) · A. buettneri (Aloe) · A. buhrii (Aloe) · A. bulbilifera (Aloe) · A. bulbillifera var. paulianae (Aloe) · A. burgersfortensis (Aloe) · A. bussei (Aloe) · A. cameronii (Aloe) · A. cameronii var. dedzana (Aloe) · A. camperi (Aloe) · A. camperi 'Cornuta' (Aloe) · A. capitata (Aloe) · A. capitata var. cipolinicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. gneissicola (Aloe) · A. capitata var. quartziticola (Aloe) · A. castanea (Cats Tail Aloe) · A. castanea x vryheidensis (Aloe) · A. castellorum (Aloe) · A. chabaudii (Aloe) · A. chabaudii 'Transvaal Form' (Aloe) · A. cheranganiensis (Aloe) · A. ciliaris (Climbing Aloe) · A. classenii (Aloe) · A. collenetteae (Aloe) · A. comosa (Clanwilliam Aloe) · A. comptonii (Aloe) · A. concinna (Aloe) · A. confusa (Aloe) · A. conifera (Aloe) · A. cooperi (Aloe) · A. craibii (Grass Aloe) · A. cryptoflora (Aloe) · A. cryptopoda (Aloe) · A. dawei 'Jacob's Ladder' (Dawes Aloe) · A. decaryi (Aloe) · A. delphinensis (Aloe) · A. deltoideodonta (Aloe) · A. descoingsii (Aloe) · A. dhufarensis (Aloe) · A. dichotoma (Kokerboom) · A. dinteri (Namibia Partridge Breast Aloe) · A. diolii (Aloe) · A. distans (Golden Tooth Aloe) · A. divaricata (Aloe) · A. dorotheae (Aloe) · A. dyeri (Aloe) · A. elegans (Aloe) · A. elgonica (Aloe) · A. ellenbeckii (Aloe) · A. erinacea x arborescens (Aloe) · A. eru (Aloe) · A. esculenta (Aloe) · A. excelsa (Noble Aloe) · A. falcata (Aloe) · A. ferox (Aloe) · A. fibrosa (Aloe) · A. fleurentinorum (Aloe) · A. flexilifolia (Aloe) · A. fosteri (Aloe) · A. fragilis (Aloe) · A. framesii (Aloe) · A. gariepensis (Aloe) · A. gerstneri (Aloe) · A. glauca (Blue Aloe) · A. glauca var. Glauca (Blouaalwyn) · A. glauca var. spinosior (Aloe) · A. globuligemma (Aloe) · A. gracilis (Aloe) · A. grandidentata (Bontaalwyn) · A. greatheadii (Aloe)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 16, 2007:
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2669918
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-297380
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13763428
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:529449-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 2541
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 505880
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 529449-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ALFE2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 17682