Common Names in English:
Alpine Lady's Mantle, Alpine Ladys Mantle, Mountain Lady's-Mantle, Mountain Ladys Mantle
, or herbs, deciduous or evergreen
. Stems erect
, or creeping
. Buds usually with several exposed scales
, sometimes with only 2. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple
; stipules paired
, rarely absent, persistent
or deciduous; petiole usually 2-glandular apically; leaf blade
often serrate at margin
, rarely entire. Inflorescences various, from single flowers to umbellate
, racemose or cymose-paniculate. Flowers usually actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
and then plants
dioecious. Hypanthium (formed from basal parts of sepals, petals, and stamens) free from or adnate to ovary, short or elongate
. Sepals usually 5, rarely fewer or more, imbricate; epicalyx
segments sometimes also present. Petals as many as sepals, inserted
below margin of disk, free, imbricate, sometimes absent. Disk lining hypanthium, usually entire, rarely lobed
. Stamens usually numerous
, rarely few, always in a complete
at margin of or above disk; filaments
usually free, very rarely connate
, rarely elongate, 2-locular. Carpels 1 to many, free, or ± connate and then adnate to inner surface of cupular receptacle; ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or superior; ovules usually 2 in each carpel, rarely 1 or several, anatropous
. Styles as many as carpels, terminal
, or basal, free or sometimes connate. Fruit a follicle, pome, achene, or drupe, rarely a capsule, naked or enclosed in persistent hypanthium and sometimes also by sepals. Seeds erect or pendulous, sometimes winged
, usually exalbuminous
, very rarely with thin endosperm; cotyledons mostly fleshy
abaxially, rarely folded or convolute.
Between 95 and 125 genera and 2825-3500 species: cosmopolitan , mostly in N temperate zone; 55 genera (two endemic) and 950 species (546 endemic) in China.
Many plants of this family are of economic importance and contribute to people s livelihoods. The Rosaceae contain a great number of fruit trees of temperate regions . The fruits contain vitamins, acids, and sugars and can be used both raw and for making preserves, jam, jelly, candy, various drinks, wine, vinegar, etc. The dried fruits of the genera
Amygdalus and Armeniaca are of high commercial value. Some plants in the genus Rosa containing essential oils or with a high vitamin content are used in industry . Rosaceae wood is used for making various articles, stems and roots are used for making tannin extract, and young leaves are used as a substitute for tea. Numerous species are used for medical purposes or are cultivated as ornamentals .
The Rosaceae are very well represented in China, with great economic and scientific importance. The Co-chairs of the Editorial Committee (Wu and Raven) here note that the patterns of relationship are complex and the group is taxonomically difficult. 
), with woody rhizome. Stems decumbent
. Leaves stipulate
, long petiolate
; stipules adnate
; leaf blade
, ± orbicular
, digitate, or palmately parted
. Inflorescences usually dense corymbs, rarely lax
cymes or a solitary flower, ebracteate
. Flowers very small, bisexual
. Hypanthium urceolate
, with constricted
. Sepals 4(or 5), valvate
segments 4(or 5), alternating with sepals. Petals absent. Disk lining
hypanthium, margin thickened. Stamens (1-) 4; filaments
, short. Carpel 1(-4), sessile or substipitate, free; ovule ascending
of locule; style basal or adaxial
; stigma capitellate
. Achene 1(-4), enclosed in membranous hypanthium. Seed basal; testa membranous; cotyledons cylindric-obovoid. x
Between 100 and 300 species: frigid and temperate regions of Africa, Asia, Europe, and America, extending to alpine areas in the tropics; three species in China.
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May. • Flower Color: chartreuseyellow-green
Size: 6-12" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,037 meters (0 to 9,964 feet).
Culture: Space 9-12" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Alchemilla alpina glomerata (Tausch) E. G. Camus • Alchemilla glomerata (Tausch) E. G. Camus
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 2009
Members of the genus Alchemilla
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 18 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
A. alpina (Alpine Lady's Mantle) · A. conjuncta (Ladys Mantle) · A. ellenbeckii (Creeping Ladys Mantle) · A. erythropoda (Dwarf Ladies Mantle) · A. faeroensis 'Pumila' (Ladys Mantle) · A. filicaulis (Ser) · A. glabra (Smooth Lady's Mantle) · A. glomerulans (Clustered Lady's-Mantle) · A. mollis (Lady's Mantle) · A. mollis 'Auslese' (Auslese Lady's Mantle) · A. mollis 'Robusta' (Ladys Mantle) · A. mollis 'Thriller' (Ladys Mantle) · A. monticola (Common Lady's-Mantle) · A. pubescens (Downy Ladys Mantle) · A. saxatilis (Alpine Ladys Mantle) · A. subcrenata (Broadtooth Lady's Mantle) · A. venosa (Boreal Lady's Mantle) · A. xanthochlora (Ladys Mantle)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 29, 2008:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Aranzadi Zientzi Elkartea
- GBIF-Spain, CIBIO, Alicante:ABH-GBIF
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario de la Universidad de Sevilla, SEV
- GBIF-Spain, Institut Botanic de Barcelona, BC
- GBIF-Spain, Jardi Botanic de Valencia: VAL
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Univ. Herbarium SALAMANCA: SALA
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- GBIF-Spain, Universitat de Girona: HGI-Cormophyta
- Herbario SANT, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, SANT herbarium vascular plant collection
- Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum - Herbarium GJO, Herbarium GJO
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular plant data for Scottish Vice-counties
- University of Vienna, Institute for Botany - Herbarium WU, Herbarium WU
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2664071
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Ros-57227
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2671206
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:720360-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 2171
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 184565
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 720359-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDROS04010
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 167353
- Cuizhi Gu, Chaoluan Li, Lingdi Lu, Shunyuan Jiang, Crinan Alexander, Bruce Bartholomew, Anthony R. Brach, David E. Boufford, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba, Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven A. Spongberg "Rosaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 46. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Li Chao-luang, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba "Alchemilla". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 388. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 454.040 meters (1,489.633 feet), Standard Deviation = 387.010 based on 10,389 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]