Common Names in English:
Bugelweed, Ajuga, Ajuga 'bronze Beauty', Ajuga 'burgundy Glow', Blue Bugle, Bugle, Bugleherb, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugle, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpet-Bugel, Common Bugle
, biennial or perennial
, herbaceous, rarely shrubs
. Leaves simple
; leaf blade
to incised, rarely subentire
2- to many flowered, in false spikes; floral
leaves similar to stem leaves or gradually reduced to bracts, rarely dissimilar, larger than stem leaves. Flowers subsessile
. Calyx ovoid
, 10-veined, sometimes with inconspicuous accessory
veins; teeth 5, slightly irregular. Corolla purple to blue, rarely yellow or white, 2-lipped, often persistent
in fruit; tube
straight to slightly curved
slightly bent/swollen; throat
, rarely glabrous
inside; upper lip straight, entire to 2-lobed; lower lip elongate, 3-lobed, with middle
to nearly flabellate
. Stamens 4, didynamous
, exserted from upper lip, involute
in bud, anterior 2 longer
straight to slightly curved; anther
2, apically confluent
. Style subequally 2-cleft, lobes subulate
on back, lateral-ventral side with an areole 1/2-2/3 its length
, with an elaiosome.
About 40-50 species: Asia, Europe, especially in the Near East; 18 species in China.
Habit: Forb/herb • Growth Form: Stoloniferous • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
Flowers: Blue flowers in spring . • Bloom Period: Mid Summer • Flower Color: Blue • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
Seeds: Seed Spread Rate: None • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: No
Foliage: Foliage Color: Red • Foliage Texture: Medium • Fall Conspicuous: Yes • Leaf Retention: No
Active Growth Period: Spring , Summer, Fall • Growth Rate: Rapid • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate • Mature Height (feet): 0.3 • Size: under 6" tall. • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate • Lifespan: Lifespan
Landscape Uses: Ground cover.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,303 meters (0 to 4,275 feet).
Duration: Perennial • Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: No • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: No • Propagated by Seed: No • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
Culture: Space 6-9" apart.
Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No • Anaerobic Tolerance: None • Salinity Tolerance: Low • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium • Minimum pH: 5.5 • Maximum pH: 7.5 • Fertility Requirement: Medium
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun or shade. • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: Low • Minimum Precipitation: 35 • Maximum Precipitation: 65 • Moisture Use: High
Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): -23 • Minimum Frost Free Days: 160 • Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : L. Publication : Sp. Pl. 2: 561 1753 [1 May 1753]
Members of the genus Ajuga
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 30 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
A. australis (Australian Bugle) · A. chamaepitys (Yellow Bugle) · A. chamaepitys f. biennis (Yellow Bugle) · A. genevensis (Blue Bugle) · A. genevensis 'Pink Beauty' (Geneva Bugleweed) · A. pyramidalis (Erect Bugle) · A. pyramidalis 'Metallica Crispa' (Carpet Bugle) · A. pyramidalis 'Purple Crispa' (Bugleweed) · A. reptans (Bugelweed) · A. reptans 'Arboretum Giant' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Black Scallop' (Black Scallop Bugleweed) · A. reptans 'Braunherz' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Bronze Beauty' (Bronze Beauty Bugleweed) · A. reptans 'Burgundy Glow' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Catlins Giant' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Emerald Chip' (Ajuga) · A. reptans 'Gaiety' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Golden Beauty' (Bugleweed) · A. reptans 'Golden Glow' (Ajuga) · A. reptans 'Jungle Beauty' (Jungle Beauty Bugle Weed) · A. reptans 'Mahogany' (Ajuga) · A. reptans 'Min Crispa Red' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Pink Splendour' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Planet Zork' (Planet Zork Bugleweed) · A. reptans 'Purple Brocade' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Purple Torch' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Silver Beauty' (Bugleweed) · A. reptans 'Valfredda' (Bugle) · A. reptans 'Variegata' (Bugle) · A. x 'Chocolate Chip' (Bugleweed)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Environment and Heritage Service - EHS Species Datasets
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Scottish Borders Biological Records Centre - SWT Scottish Borders Local Wildlife Site Survey data 1996-2000 - species information
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655092
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32454
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 1920621
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:444664-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 314389
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32454
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 444664-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDLAM04030
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: AJRE
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 19678
- "Ajuga". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 63. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 119.650 meters (392.552 feet), Standard Deviation = 144.970 based on 12,659 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]