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Adonis annua

(Autumn Adonis)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

أدونيس حولي

Common Names in Bulgarian:

Есенен гороцвет

Common Names in English:

Autumn Adonis, bird's eye, Bird's-Eye, Blood-Drops, Blooddrops, Pheasant´s-Eye, Pheasant's Eye, Pheasant's-Eye, phesant's eye

Common Names in French:

adonis annuelle, Adonis d'automne, goutte de sang

Common Names in German:

Herbst Adonisröschen

Common Names in Italian:

Fior D'adone

Common Names in Polish:

Miłek jesienny

Common Names in Russian:

Адонис однолетний

Common Names in Swedish:



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Physical Description

Species Adonis annua

Herbs, annual , taprooted. Stem 1, 10-40 cm. Leaves: basal leaves 2-5 cm, similar to cauline, petiolate ; cauline leaves sessile or subsessile . Leaf blade 2-3-pinnatifid. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm diam.; sepals appressed to petals, broadly obovate , ± erose in distal 1/3, minutely ciliate , otherwise glabrous ; petals 6-10, spreading , dark red [orange to red-purple], usually with dark basal blotch , ±plane, 8-15 mm, ca. 1.5 times length of calyx, apex slightly erose; stamens 15-20; anthers purple-black (olive green with age) ; pistils 20-30. Heads of achenes short-cylindric, 13-20 × 6-10 mm; pedicels conspicuously exserted well beyond leaves. Achenes 3-5 mm, glabrous, adaxial margin nearly straight, abaxial keel gibbous , not toothed ; beak straight, erect , 0.5-1 mm. Flowering spring-summer (Apr-Jun). [source]

Adonis annua also has been reported for the lower Mississippi Valley (W.C. Muenscher 1980), Ontario and Manitoba (H. J. Scoggan 1978-1979, part 3), some of the western states, and New England. I have not found more recent records to confirm abundance of the species in those regions. Muenscher's report was presumably based on J. K . Small (1933), who cited the species as abundant along newly built levees of the Mississippi River . Although the species may escape frequently in some areas, the populations are often tenuously established and tend not to persist. Records of A. annua from western states were based on misidentified A. aestivalis. [source]

Herbarium specimens without mature achenes may be impossible to distinguish from the closely related Adonis aestivalis, which differs in achene morphology and, reportedly, a slight difference in orientation of sepals and petals. [source]

Several infraspecific taxonomies have been proposed for Adonis annua ; none are well supported by observations in the field (C. C. Heyn and B . Pazy 1989). [source]

Petal color has been variously reported; in the flora only dark red with a dark basal blotch is confirmed by herbarium specimens. [source]

Habit: Forb/herb


Prairies, fields , river banks, and waste places; 100-200 m (Ref. 51328).

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,040 meters (0 to 6,693 feet).[1]


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Duration: Annual


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Adonis autumnalis Linnaeus


Publishing author : L. Publication : Sp. Pl. 1: 547 1753 [1 May 1753]

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Adonis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 5 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. aestivalis (Pheasants Eye) · A. amurensis 'Pleniflora' (Birdseye) · A. annua (Autumn Adonis) · A. microcarpa (Small Fruited Pheasant's Eye) · A. vernalis (Ox-Eye)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:



  1. Mean = 151.470 meters (496.949 feet), Standard Deviation = 190.480 based on 1,284 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-21