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Triticeae

(Tribe)

Overview

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A Tribe in the Kingdom Plantae.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Tribe Triticeae is a member of the Subfamily Abietoideae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Triticeae:

The Tribe Triticeae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Abies

Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48?55 species of evergreen conifers in the family Pinaceae. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Firs are most closely related to the cedars (Cedrus); Douglas-firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga. [more]

Aegilops

Aegilops is a genus of plants generally known as goatgrasses and belonging to the grass family, Poaceae. There are about 23 species and numerous sub species in the genus. Various members of the genus are classed as agricultural weeds. Growing through the winter, they resemble winter wheat. They are able to hybridize with various types of wheat and are sometimes classified as members of the wheat genus, Triticum. [more]

Agropyron

Agropyron is a genus of grasses (family Poaceae), native to Europe and Asia. Species in the genus are commonly referred to as crested-wheat grasses. In North America, species were introduced. [more]

Amblyopyrum

Amblyopyrum is a genus of grass in the Poaceae family. [more]

Elymus

In Greek mythology, Elymus (or Elumos) was the mythical ancestor of the Elymi, natives of Sicily. [more]

Elytrigia

Elytrigia is a genus of about 20?40 species of grasses, native to temperate regions of the Old World, in Europe, Asia, and northwest Africa. The species are sometimes included in the related genera Agropyron or Elymus, while species in the genera Pascopyrum and are included in Elytrigia by some authors. [more]

Eremopyrum

Eremopyrum Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 1: 112. 1829.[1] [more]

Henrardia

[more]

Hordeum

Hordeum is a genus of about 30 species of annual and perennial grasses, native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, temperate South America, and also South Africa. [more]

Leucopoa

[more]

Leymus

Leymus is a of the true grass family (Poaceae). The common name for this genus is "wild rye", however members of the genus Elymus are also sometimes given the same name. About 30 species of Leymus have been identified [1]. [more]

Mahonia

Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America and Central America. They are closely related to the genus Berberis. Botanists disagree on the acceptability of the genus name Mahonia. Several authorities argue plants in this genus should be included in the genus Berberis because several species in both genera are able to hybridize, and because when the two genera are looked at as a whole, there is no definite morphological separation. Mahonia typically have large, pinnate leaves 10?50 cm long with 5-15 leaflets, and flowers in racemes (5?20 cm long). [more]

Maihuenia

Maihuenia is a of cactus (family Cactaceae) and the sole genus of the subfamily Maihuenioideae, which is the smallest subfamily of the Cactaceae. The genus comprises 2 cushion-forming, mucilaginous species. They are found at high elevation habitats of Andean Argentina and Chile. [more]

Paris

Herbs perennial. Rhizome slender or thickened. Stem erect, simple. Leaves 4 to many, very rarely 3, in a terminal whorl, petiolate, lanceolate to ovate, with 3 main veins and anastomosing veinlets. Flowers bisexual, solitary, terminal, pedunculate. Tepals 3--8, in 2 whorls, free; outer ones green, rarely white, ovate to lanceolate; inner ones linear or occasionally absent. Stamens 8--24 or more, 2--8 × as many as tepals; filaments narrow, flat; anthers basifixed, often with convex connective apically. Ovary subglobose, 1-loculed with parietal placentation or 4--10-loculed with axile placentation. Style short; stigma lobes 4--10. Fruit a berry or a berrylike capsule, indehiscent or loculicidal, several to many seeded.[2] [more]

Pascopyrum

[more]

Rhodohypoxis

[more]

Roegneria

[more]

Schisandra

Schisandra (Magnolia Vine) is a genus of shrub commonly grown in gardens. It is a hardy deciduous climber which thrives in virtually any soil; its preferred position is on a sheltered shady wall. It may be propagated by taking cuttings of half-matured shoots in August. Species include S. chinensis, S. glaucescens, S. rubriflora and S. rubrifolia. [more]

Schizophragma

Schizophragma is a genus of four species of lianas in the Hydrangeaceae, native to Asia from the Himalaya east to Taiwan and Japan. One species, S. hydrangeoides, is known as Climbing Hydrangea Vine. [more]

Secale

Secale is a genus in the tribe. The most known member is rye (Secale cereale). [more]

Thinopyrum

[more]

Triticale

Triticosecale

[more]

Triticum

Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East and Ethiopian Highlands, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize (784 million tons) and rice (651 million tons). In 2009, world production of wheat was 682 million tons, making it the second most-produced cereal after maize (817 million tons), and with rice as close third (679 million tons). [more]

At least 540 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Triticum.

More info about the Genus Triticum may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. "Eremopyrum". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 387, 440. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  2. Liang Song-jun, Victor G. Soukup "Paris". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 88. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 26, 2014
2014/08/26 10:23:55