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Trees or shrubs, stellate pubescent or scaly, rarely glabrous. Leaves usually alternate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemes, panicles, or cymes, sometimes 1-flowered or several-flowered in a fascicle; bracteoles small, early deciduous. Flowers bisexual. Calyx cup-shaped, 5-toothed, rarely 2--6-lobed or truncate. Corolla campanulate; lobes 5(--7), imbricate or valvate. Stamens (8--) 10(--13), equal or rarely unequal in length; filaments flattened, free, sometimes basally adnate to corolla; anthers oblong. Ovary superior, 3-locular when young, becoming 1-locular; ovules 1--4 per locule, placentation parietal. Style subulate or filiform; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Drupe, indehiscent or 3-valvate dehiscent, exocarp fleshy to dry. Seeds 1(or 2) ; seed coat almost bony, with a large basal hilum; endosperm fleshy or almost bony; embryo straight.

About 130 species: E Asia, N and S America, Mediterranean; 31 species in China.[1]


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The Genus Styrax is a member of the Family Styracaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Styrax:

The Genus Styrax is further organized into finer groupings including:


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  1. "Styrax". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 253. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at


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Last Revised: August 27, 2014
2014/08/27 08:03:51