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Perennials, forming dense tussocks, old basal sheaths persistent. Leaf blades filiform to setaceous, convolute, abaxial surface smooth or scabrid, adaxial surface prominently ribbed. Inflorescence usually a contracted panicle, enclosed in uppermost leaf sheath or shortly exserted, spikelets few. Spikelets with one floret, bisexual; glumes subequal, hyaline or membranous, much longer than floret, 3-5-veined, long acuminate; callus pungent, shortly bearded; lemma narrowly lanceolate, terete, usually leathery, (3-) 5-veined, hairy, margins overlapping, apex entire; awn articulated at lemma apex and deciduous at maturity, scabrid to plumose, 1-2-geniculate, column tightly twisted, bristle straight, flexuous or curling; palea subequaling lemma, hyaline, enclosed within lemma. Lodicules 2 or 3, lanceolate. Stamens 3, anthers glabrous or shortly hairy at apex. Stigmas 2.

About 100 species: temperate and warm-temperate regions of Asia and Europe, in dry, open habitats; 23 species (three endemic) in China.[1]


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The Genus Stipa is a member of the Family Gramineae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Stipa:

The Genus Stipa is further organized into finer groupings including:


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  1. "Stipa". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 1, 188, 196, 204, 206, 210, 211. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at


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Last Revised: August 27, 2014
2014/08/27 08:03:01