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Spiraeoideae

(Subfamily)

Overview

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A Subfamily in the Kingdom Plantae.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Subfamily Spiraeoideae is a member of the Family Ulvaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Spiraeoideae:

The Subfamily Spiraeoideae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Abutilon

Abutilon () is a large genus of approximately 150 species of broadleaf evergreens in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus includes annuals, perennials, shrubs, and small trees from 1?10 m tall, and is found in the tropical and subtropical regions of all continents. The leaves are alternate, unlobed or palmately lobed with 3-7 lobes. The flowers are conspicuous, with five petals, mostly red, pink, orange, yellow or white. [more]

Ada

[more]

Adenostoma

Adenostoma is a genus of shrubs containing only two species: Adenostoma fasciculatum (Commonly known as Chamise), and Adenostoma sparsifolium (Red shank). Both are native to coastal California and Baja California, while A. fasciculatum is also native to California's Sierra Nevada mountains. [more]

Alliaria

Alliaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mustard family. [more]

Alyssoides

[more]

Aronia

Aronia, the chokeberries, are two to three species of deciduous shrubs in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America. They are most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and also because they are very high in antioxidant pigment compounds, like anthocyanins. The name "chokeberry" comes from the astringency of the fruits, which are inedible when raw. The berries can be used to make wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea and tinctures. The fruits are eaten by birds, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings; birds do not taste astringency and feed on them freely. [more]

Astilbe

Astilbe () is a genus of 18 species of perennial, herbaceous flowering plants, within the family Saxifragaceae. Some species are commonly known as False Goat's Beard, and False Spirea. Astilbe species are native to Asia and North America. [more]

Athyrium

Athyrium (Lady-fern) is a genus of about 180 species of terrestrial ferns, with a cosmopolitan distribution. [more]

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea () is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province). Different authors accept between four and 18 species in the genus. The plant was first described by Philibert Commer?on, a French botanist accompanying French Navy admiral and explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of circumnavigation, and first published for him by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789. It is possible that the plants were first discovered by Jeanne Bar?, Commer?on's lover and assistant whom he snuck on board (despite regulations) disguised as a man (and who thus became the first woman to circumnavigate the globe). [more]

Brahea

Brahea is a of palms in the Arecaceae family. They are commonly referred to as Hesper Palms and are endemic to Mexico and Central America. All Hesper Palms have large, fan-shaped leaves. There are 11 species described in the genus as follows: [more]

Brassiophoenix

[more]

Callicarpa

Beautyberry (Callicarpa) is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family Verbenaceae; between 40-150 species are accepted by different botanists. They are native to east and southeast Asia (where the majority of the species occur), Australia, southeast North America and Central America. [more]

Calystegia

Calystegia (bindweed, false bindweed, or morning glory) is a genus of about 25 species of flowering plants in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution in temperate and subtropical regions, but with half of the species endemic to California. They are annual or herbaceous perennial twining vines growing to 1-5 m tall, with spirally arranged leaves. The flowers are trumpet-shaped, 3-10 cm diameter, white or pink, with a sometimes inflated basal calyx. [more]

Chionodoxa

Chionodoxa (Glory-of-the-snow) is a genus of eight bulbous perennials in the family Hyacinthaceae. The blue, white or pink flowers appear early in the year making them valuable garden ornamentals. [more]

Chionohebe

[more]

Cistus

[more]

Cleyera

Shrubs or trees, evergreen. Leaves petiolate; leaf blade margin entire or serrulate. Flowers bisexual, axillary, solitary or several in a cluster. Pedicel 1 cm or more, apically thickened; bracteoles 2, caducous, small, inserted near pedicel apex. Sepals 5, imbricate, unequal, basally slightly connate; outer sepals persistent, small. Petals 5, imbricate, basally connate. Stamens 25-30; filaments distinct, glabrous; anthers basifixed, 2-loculed, longitudinally dehiscent, with filiform trichomes, connective apiculate. Ovary usually glabrous, 2- or 3-loculed with 8-16 ovules per locule, placentation axile; style 1, persistent, slender, elongated, apically 2- or 3-lobed. Fruit baccate, ovoid to oblate, with several seeds per locule. Seeds blackish brown, reniform-globose to compressed globose, foveolate, shiny, glabrous; endosperm sparse; embryo curved.[1] [more]

Cochlearia

Scurvy-grass (Cochlearia species; a.k.a. Scurvy grass, Scurvygrass, or Spoonwort) is a genus of about 30 species of annual and perennial herbs in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. They are widely distributed in temperate and arctic areas of the northern hemisphere, most commonly found in coastal regions, on cliff-tops and salt marshes where their high tolerance of salt enables them to avoid competition from larger, but less salt-tolerant plants; they also occur in alpine habitats in mountains and tundra. [more]

Colchicum

Colchicum is a genus of flowering plants containing around sixty species of perennial plants which grow from corms. It is a member of family Colchicaceae, and is native to West Asia and part of the Mediterranean coast. [more]

Coleogyne

[more]

Cornus

[more]

Cryosophila

Cryosophila is a genus of in the Arecaceae family. It includes the following species: [more]

Davallia

Davallia (deersfoot fern, hare's foot fern) is a genus of about 40 species of ferns in the family Davalliaceae. They are epiphytic ferns, with fronds arising from long aerial rhizomes which grow on and over thick bark on trees or on rock crevices. [more]

Dentaria

Cardamine (Car-d?-mi-ne, Bittercress or Bitter-cress), is a large genus in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except in the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine. [more]

Diascia

[more]

Disporum

Disporum is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Colchicaceae. [more]

Eriobotrya

Eriobotrya is a genus of about ten species of large evergreen shrubs and small trees in the family Rosaceae, native to east and southeast Asia. By far the best known species is the Loquat, E. japonica, grown for its edible fruit. [more]

Eucomis

[more]

Galtonia

Galtonia is genus of plants in the family ; native to South Africa they are named after Sir Francis Galton. G. candicans, also known as Cape Hyacinth, is much propagated as a garden plant. Another species is the pale green flowering G. viridiflora. [more]

Gaussia

Gaussia is a genus in the palm family, native to Mexico, Central America and the the Greater Antilles. They are solitary, unarmed, and have pinnately compound leaves. The trees have enlarged bases and prop-roots. [more]

Ginkgo

Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants with one extant species, G. biloba, which is regarded as a living fossil. The most recently described new species (fossil) is Ginkgo huolinhensis. [more]

Gordonia

Gordonia lasianthus leaf and branch
Gordonia lasianthus beginning to bloom, June, N. Florida

Gordonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, related to Franklinia, Camellia and Stewartia. Of the roughly 40 species, all but two are native to southeast Asia in southern China, Taiwan and Indochina. The remaining species, G. lasianthus (Loblolly-bay), is native to southeast North America, from Virginia south to Florida and west to Louisiana; G. fruticosa is native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America, from Costa Rica to Brazil. [more]

Gyalecta

[more]

Heliophila

Club-pointed Heliophila (Heliophila coronopifolia) is the only member of the Heliophila within the flowering plant in the Brassicaceae family. In addition, some species of this genus are used like a ornamental plants. [more]

Heuchera

The genus Heuchera () includes at least 50 species of herbaceous perennial plants in the family Saxifragaceae, all native to North America. Common names include alumroot and coral bells. They have palmately lobed leaves on long petioles, and a thick, woody rootstock. The genus was named after Johann Heinrich von Heucher (1677?1746), an 18th century German physician. [more]

Homogyne

[more]

Hosta

Hosta (, syn.: Funkia) is a genus of about 23?45 species of lily-like plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae, native to northeast Asia. They have been placed in their own family, Hostaceae (or Funkiaceae); like many 'lilioid monocots', they were once classified in the Liliaceae. The scientific name is also used as the common name; in the past they were also sometimes called the Corfu Lily, the Day Lily, or the Plantain lily, but these terms are now obsolete. The name Hosta is in honor of the Austrian botanist Nicholas Thomas Host. The Japanese name Giboshi is also used in English to a small extent. The rejected generic name Funkia, also used as a common name, can be found in some older literature. [more]

Hypseocharis

[more]

Impatiens

Impatiens () is a genus of about 850?1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and tropics. Together with the puzzling Hydrocera triflora, this genus makes up the family Balsaminaceae. Such a situation is highly unusual, and phylogenetic studies might reveal that Impatiens needs to be split up; some of its species might be closer to Hydrocera than to their presumed congeners. [more]

Isodon

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[2] [more]

Johannesteijsmannia

[more]

Juniperus

Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus () of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper, widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa in the Old World, and to the mountains of Central America. [more]

Knautia

Knautia is a genus in the family Dipsacaceae. The common names of these flowers are a variant of "widow flower." Others are given the name "Scabious," although this word belongs to a related genus (Scabiosa). [more]

Ledebouria

Ledebouria is a of African bulbous perennial herbs in the hyacinth family Hyacinthaceae. Most members were previously part of the genus Scilla. A number of species are grown by cacti and succulent enthusiasts for their patterned leaves. [more]

Mathiasella

[more]

Nannoglottis

Nerine

Nerine is a genus of plants belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family. Native to South Africa, there are about 30 different species in the genus. Nerine have been widely cultivated and much hybridized and are now spread world wide. [more]

Neviusia

[more]

Nothofagus

Nothofagus, also known as the southern beeches, is a genus of 36 species of trees and shrubs native to the temperate oceanic to tropical Southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). Fossils have recently been found in Antarctica. [more]

Oemleria

[more]

Parrya

Herbs perennial, with well-developed caudex, rarely subshrubs or shrubs. Trichomes simple or absent, multicellular glands present or absent. Stems leafy or leafless. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire, dentate, or pinnately dissected. Cauline leaves similar to basal, often absent. Racemes ebracteate, elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels erect, ascending, or divaricate. Sepals linear or oblong, caducous, erect, unequal, base of lateral pair saccate, margin membranous. Petals purple, pink, or white; blade obovate, apex rounded or emarginate; claw subequaling or longer than sepals. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; filaments dilated or not at base; anthers oblong or linear, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 2, lateral, annular to semiannular; median glands absent. Ovules 10-50 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques, linear, oblong, or lanceolate, strongly latiseptate or rarely subterete or 4-angled, sessile or subsessile, persistently attached to pedicel, unsegmented; valves leathery, with a prominent midvein and obscure to distinct lateral and marginal veins, smooth or torulose; replum almost always flattened; septum complete, membranous or thickened, translucent or opaque; style distinct, 0.5-7 mm; stigma conical or cylindric, 2-lobed, lobes prominent, connate, decurrent. Seeds uniseriate, often broadly winged, suborbicular or oblong, strongly flattened; seed coat smooth, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent.[3] [more]

Pavonia

Pavonia may refer to: [more]

Peraphyllum

Peraphyllum is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the rose family containing the single species Peraphyllum ramosissimum, commonly known as the squaw apple or wild crab apple. It is a shrub which may reach 3 metres (9.8 ft) in height and bears small pomes about 1 centimetre (0.39 in) wide. Peraphyllum is most closely related to Amelanchier, Malacomeles, Crataegus, and Mespilus. [more]

Photinia

Photinia () is a genus of about 40?60 species of small trees and large shrubs in the Rosaceae family. As interpreted here, the natural range of these species is restricted to warm temperate Asia, from the Himalaya east to Japan and south to India and Thailand. They have, however, been widely cultivated throughout the world as ornamentals for their white flowers and red fruits. [more]

Pitavia

Pitavia is a genus of in family Rutaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Prunus

Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, including the plums, cherries, peaches, apricots and almonds. It is traditionally placed within the rose family Rosaceae as a subfamily, the Prunoideae (or Amygdaloideae), but sometimes placed in its own family, the Prunaceae (or Amygdalaceae). There are around 430 species of Prunus, spread throughout the northern temperate regions of the globe. [more]

Rhaphiolepis

Rhaphiolepis (syn. Raphiolepis Lindl.) is a genus of about 15 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the family Rosaceae, native to warm temperate and subtropical eastern and southeastern Asia, from southern Japan, southern Korea and southern China south to Thailand and Vietnam. The genus is closely related to Eriobotrya (loquats). The common name hawthorn (shared with the related genus Crataegus) is used for the species. [more]

Rubus

Rubus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae. These plants have prickles like roses and are often called brambles; this name is most often used for the blackberry and similar fruits that are also of rambling habit, and not used for those like the raspberry that grow as upright canes. Their fruit, called bramble fruit, is an aggregate of drupelets. [more]

Sprekelia

Sprekelia is a of about 1-2 of bulbous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, or Alliaceae. They are native to Central America. Like, Hippeastrum, these plants were known as Amaryllis. The Sprekelia is sometimes called the "Aztec lily", although it is not a true lily. Sprekelia formosissima is common in cultivation, planted in warm climates or raised in pots in colder climates, or planted and lifted, much as gladiolus. Even when well grown, bulbs often don't bloom every year. In a grouping of a dozen or so bulbs, only two or three may bloom in any given year. [more]

Stachyurus

Morphological characters and geographic distribution are the same as those of the family.[4] [more]

Stangeria

Stapelianthus

[more]

Stegnosperma

Stegnosperma is a genus of flowering plants, consisting of three species of woody plants, native to the Caribbean, Central America, and the Sonoran Desert. These are shrubs or lianas, with anomalous secondary thickening in mature stems, by successive cambia. [more]

Stenanthium

Herbs, perennial, from tunicate bulbs and reduced rhizomes; roots fibrous. Stems simple, mostly with 2-3 reduced bracts, glabrous. Leaves mostly basal, reduced distally, spiral, arching downward, sheathing proximally; blade narrowly linear to oblanceolate, strap-shaped, glabrous, apex acuminate or obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, racemose or paniculate, open, bracteate, glabrous. Flowers: proximalmost usually bisexual, distalmost staminate; perianth tubular-campanulate or rotate; tepals persistent, 6, distinct or weakly connate basally, glandular or not, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, equal to subequal, apex acute to acuminate; claws absent; tepal glands, when present, 2-lobed, adaxial; stamens 6, distinct or connate basally, equal or subequal; filaments lanceolate; anthers basifixed, 1-locular, obcordate-reniform; pollen sacs apically confluent, extrorse, opening into peltate disc; ovary superior to half-inferior, 3-locular proximally, 1-locular distal to ovules; septal nectaries absent; styles persistent, 3, spreading to recurved, distinct; stigmas minute. Fruits capsular, deeply 3-lobed, membranous, slenderly 3-beaked, dehiscence septicidal, then adaxially loculicidal. Seeds 3-4 per locule, brown to brownish black, narrowly oblong or ellipsoid to lanceoloid, flat, angled to winged. x = 8, 10.[5] [more]

Stenoglottis

[more]

Stenomesson

[more]

Stephanandra

Shrubs deciduous. Branchlets reddish brown when young, terete, slightly pubescent; buds usually 2 or 3 superposed, ovoid, small, with 2-4 scales. Leaves petiolate; stipules acuminate at apex; leaf blade simple, margin serrate, usually lobed. Inflorescence a terminal corymb or panicle, many flowered; bracts small, margin entire. Flowers small, bisexual; pedicel slender. Hypanthium cupular. Sepals 5, persistent in fruit, apex obtuse. Petals 5, white, shorter than sepals. Stamens 10-20, borne on margin of hypanthium; filaments short. Carpel 1; ovules 2, pendulous; style terminal, erect. Follicle obliquely subglobose, crustaceous, dehiscing from base. Seeds 1 or 2, lustrous, globose to ovoid.[6] [more]

Stephania

Stephania is a genus of flowering plants in the family Menispermaceae, native to eastern and southern Asia and Australasia. They are herbaceous perennial vines growing to around four metres tall, with a large, woody caudex. The leaves are arranged spirally on the stem, and are peltate, with the leaf petiole attached near the centre of the leaf. The name Stephania comes from the Greek, "a crown". This refers to the anthers being arranged in a crown like manner. [more]

Stephanostema

[more]

Stephanotis

Steudnera

[more]

Stewartia

Stewartia (sometimes spelled Stuartia) is a genus of 8-20 species of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, related to Camellia. Most of the species are native to eastern Asia in China, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, with two (S. malacodendron, S. ovata) in southeast North America, from Virginia and Kentucky south to Florida and Louisiana. [more]

Stromanthe

Stromanthe is a genus of in family Marantaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Stylidium

Stylidium (also known as triggerplants or trigger plants) is a genus of dicotyledonous plants that belong to the family Stylidiaceae. The genus name Stylidium is derived from the Greek st???? or stylos (column or pillar), which refers to the distinctive reproductive structure that its flowers possess. Pollination is achieved through the use of the sensitive "trigger", which comprises the male and female reproductive organs fused into a floral column that snaps forward quickly in response to touch, harmlessly covering the insect in pollen. Most of the approximately 300 species are only found in Australia, making it the fifth largest genus in that country. Triggerplants are considered to be protocarnivorous or carnivorous because the glandular trichomes that cover the scape and flower can trap, kill, and digest small insects with protease enzymes produced by the plant. [more]

Submatucana

Oreocereus is a of cacti (family Cactaceae), known only from high altitudes of the Andes. Its name was formed from Greek and means "mountain cereus". [more]

Suksdorfia

[more]

Sunipia

[more]

Sventenia

[more]

Swertia

Swertia is a genus in the gentian family containing plants sometimes referred to as the felworts. Some species bear very showy purple and blue flowers. [more]

Symbegonia

[more]

Symphyostemon

[more]

Syneilesis

[more]

Synnema

[more]

Taeckholmia

[more]

Taiwania

Taiwania (Taiwania cryptomerioides) is a large coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, formerly listed in the segregate family Taxodiaceae. It is native to eastern Asia, growing in the mountains of central Taiwan, and locally in southwest China and adjoining Myanmar and northern Vietnam. It is endangered by illegal logging for its valuable wood in many areas. It is very likely that the range was more extensive in the past before extensive felling for the wood. [more]

Tamus

Tamus is a genus of one or two species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native to Europe, northwestern Africa, and western Asia. The genus is now often included within the related genus Dioscorea, but is maintained as distinct by some authors. [more]

Tanakea

[more]

Tapeinochilos

[more]

Tapeinoglossum

[more]

Tecomanthe

Tecomanthe is a genus of 5 species of tropical or subtropical forest lianes in the family Bignoniaceae. They have attractive trumpet-like flowers and glossy leaves. They are native to Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, New Zealand, and the Solomon Islands. [more]

Tecophilaea

[more]

Tellima

Tellima grandiflora (Fringecups, Bigflower Tellima) is a perennial of the family Saxifragaceae. It is a native of most forests in western North America. Frequently grown in gardens, it has escaped and become established in some other areas, e.g. Great Britain. The small green, white or purple flowers are born in spikes and the petals are deeply fringed. It is the only species in the genus Tellima. [more]

Tetracentron

Tetracentron sinense is a flowering plant, the sole species in the genus Tetracentron. It is also often considered the sole species in the family Tetracentraceae, though some botanists include it in the family Trochodendraceae together with the very distinct genus Trochodendron. [more]

Tetranema

[more]

Thamnochortus

[more]

Thlaspi

Thlaspi are a genus of herbs of temperate regions. The rare species T. perfoliatum occurs primarily in Oxfordshire, England and is protected under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. [more]

Thujopsis

Thujopsis (pronounced "Thuyopsis") is a conifer in the cypress family (Cupressaceae), the sole member of the genus being Thujopsis dolabrata. It is endemic to Japan, where it is named asunaro (????). It is similar to the closely related genus Thuja (Arborvitae), differing in the broader, thicker leaves and thick cones. Though some use false arborvitae, the species has never acquired a widely used English name, usually being known either by the Japanese name or by its genus name, Thujopsis; it is occasionally also compounded as Hiba Arborvitae due to its similarity to Thuja. [more]

Thunia

Thunia is a of orchids (family Orchidaceae) and the only genus of the subtribe Thuniinae. The genus comprises 6 species, native to Southeast Asia. It is abbreviated Thu in trade journals. [more]

Thuranthos

[more]

Tiarella

The Foamflowers (Tiarella) are a popular genus of wildflower and garden plants. They belong to the Saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae). Some species are: [more]

Tripetaleia

[more]

Unia

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Zaluzianskya

[more]

Zelkova

Zelkova is a genus of six species of deciduous trees in the elm family Ulmaceae, native to southern Europe, and southwest and eastern Asia. They vary in size from shrubs (Z. sicula) to large trees up to 35 m tall (Z. carpinifolia). The leaves are alternate, with serrated margins, and (unlike the related elms) a symmetrical base to the leaf blade. The fruit is a dry, nut-like drupe, produced singly in the leaf axils. [more]

At least 56 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Zelkova.

More info about the Genus Zelkova may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. Tianlu Min & Bruce Bartholomew "Cleyera". in Flora of China Vol. 12 Page 430, 434, 443,478. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  2. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=113831
  3. "Parrya". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 150. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  4. Qiner Yang & Peter Stevens "Stachyurus". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 138. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  5. Frederick H. Utech "Stenanthium". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 55, 56, 82, 88. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  6. Ku Tsue-chih, Crinan Alexander "Stephanandra". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 82. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 26, 2014
2014/08/26 08:32:25