Trees evergreen, monoecious; branches short, spreading. Leaves dimorphic: scalelike leaves scattered on branchlets or clustered at apex of branchlets, small; connate leaves formed by the complete fusion of two leaves, arising from the axils of scalelike leaves and spreading radially at apex of branchlets, linear, flat, leathery, with a deep furrow both adaxially and abaxially. Pollen cones clustered at apex of branches; microsporophylls numerous, spirally arranged. Seed cones ripening in 2nd year, terminal, shortly pedunculate, with numerous, spirally arranged cone scales; bracts nearly enclosed by cone scales. Seeds 5-9 per scale, ovoid, with a narrow wing. Cotyledons 2. 2n = 20.
The Family Sciadopityaceae is a member of the Order Pinales. Here is the complete "parentage" of Sciadopityaceae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Family Sciadopityaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Genus (1): Sciadopitys
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 36 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Sciadopityaceae.
The Koyamaki (Sciadopitys verticillata) or Japanese Umbrella-pine, is a unique conifer endemic to Japan. It is the sole member of the family Sciadopityaceae and genus Sciadopitys, a living fossil with no close relatives, and known in the fossil record for about 230 million years. [more]
At least 36 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Sciadopitys.
More info about the Genus Sciadopitys may be found here.
- Chen Chia-jui & Tsui Hung-pin. 1978. Sciadopitys. In: Cheng Wan-chün & Fu Li-kuo, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 7: 283-284.
- Liguo Fu, Yong-fu Yu & Aljos Farjon "Sciadopityaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 4 Page 53. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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