Schisandraceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by most taxonomists, at least for the past several decades. Before that, the plants concerned were assigned to family Magnoliaceae.
The APG II system, of 2003, also recognizes such a family. It places the family in order Austrobaileyales, which in turn is accepted as being among the most basic lineages in the clade angiosperms. APG II assumes this to be a family of three genera, Schisandraceae sensu lato. This family consists of woody plants, containing essential oils.
However, APG II does allow the option of segregating the genus Illicium as the family Illiciaceae. This leaves only two genera in this family, Schisandraceae sensu stricto. This consists of Schisandra and Kadsura, totalling several dozen species, found in tropical to temperate regions of East and Southeast Asia and the Caribbean.
The APG system, of 1998, recognized both the families Schisandraceae sensu stricto and Illiciaceae, unplaced as to order. It regarded both families as being among the most basic lineages in the clade angiosperms.
The Cronquist system, of 1981, treated the plants in the family (in its wider sense) as two separate families, which together constituted
- Schisandraceae [sensu stricto] in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards) The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. Version: 3 May 2006. http://delta-intkey.com.
- Schisandraceae [sensu stricto] in the Flora of North America
- NCBI Taxonomy Browser [Schisandraceae sensu lato]
The Family Schisandraceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (13): Acanthoideae · Agapanthoideae · Asteroideae · Cichorioideae · Citroideae · Cleomoideae · Coliadinae · Hydrangeoideae · Iridoideae · Nepetoideae · Pooideae · Rhododendroideae · Theoideae
- Tribe (12): Anthemideae · Arctoteae · Citreae · Cleomeae · Diapensieae · Helenieae · Hydrangeae · Irideae · Rhododendreae · Salvieae · Theeae · Triticeae
- Genus (6): Illicium · Kadsura · Maximowiczia · Schisandra · Schizandra · Stellandria
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 244 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Schisandraceae.
Illicium (Anise-tree, Anise tree) is a genus of flowering plants containing 42 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees, and is the sole genus in family Illiciaceae. The species are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern and southeastern Asia, southeastern North America, and the West Indies. [more]
Schisandraceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by most taxonomists, at least for the past several decades. Before that, the plants concerned were assigned to family Magnoliaceae. [more]
Schisandra (Magnolia Vine) is a genus of shrub commonly grown in gardens. It is a hardy deciduous climber which thrives in virtually any soil; its preferred position is on a sheltered shady wall. It may be propagated by taking cuttings of half-matured shoots in August. Species include S. chinensis, S. glaucescens, S. rubriflora and S. rubrifolia. [more]
More info about the Genus Stellandria may be found here.
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