The Family Sarraceniaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (4): Asteroideae · Iridoideae · Polemonioideae · Rhinanthoideae
- Tribe (4): Helenieae · Irideae · Polemonieae · Veroniceae
- Genus (6): Chrysamphora · Darlingtonia · Heliamphora · Mondia · Sarracenia · Seleniphyllum
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 459 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Sarraceniaceae.
The genus Heliamphora ( or /hi?li'?mf?r?/; Greek: helos "marsh" and amphoreus "amphora") contains 23 species of pitcher plants endemic to South America. The species are collectively known as sun pitchers, based on the mistaken notion that the heli of Heliamphora is from the Greek helios, meaning "sun". In fact, the name derives from helos, meaning marsh, so a more accurate translation of their scientific name would be marsh pitcher plants. Species in the genus Heliamphora are carnivorous plants that consist of a modified leaf form that is fused into a tubular shape. They have evolved mechanisms to avoid completely filling up with water and attract, trap, and kill insects. At least one species (H. tatei) produces its own proteolytic enzymes that allows it to digest its prey without the help of symbiotic bacteria. [more]
Sarracenia ( or /?s?r?'s?ni?/) is a genus comprising 8 to 11 species of North American pitcher plants. The genus belongs to the family Sarraceniaceae, which also contain the closely allied genera Darlingtonia and Heliamphora. [more]
More info about the Genus Seleniphyllum may be found here.
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