The Sarcolaenaceae are a family of flowering plants endemic to Madagascar. The family includes 40 species of mostly evergreen trees and shrubs in ten genera.
Recent DNA studies indicate that the Sarcolaenaceae are a sibling taxon to the family Dipterocarpaceae of Africa, South America, India, Southeast Asia and Malesia.
- M. Ducousso, G. B?na, C. Bourgeois, B. Buyck, G. Eyssartier, M. Vincelette, R. Rabevohitra, L. Randrihasipara, B. Dreyfus & Y. Prin (2004). "The last common ancestor of Sarcolaenaceae and Asian dipterocarp trees was ectomycorrhizal before the India-Madagascar separation, about 88 million years ago". Molecular Ecology 13 (1): 231?236. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x. PMID 14653803. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x.
The Family Sarcolaenaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Genus (11): Eremolaena · Leptolaena · Mediusella · Pentachlaena · Perrierodendron · Rhodolaena · Sarcolaena · Schizolaena · Scleroolaena · Xerochlamys · Xyloolaena
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 100 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Sarcolaenaceae.
Eremolaena is a genus of flowering plants endemic to Madagascar. The genus has two species of evergreen trees, E. humblotiana and E. rotundifolia. Both species are native to the humid east coast of Madagascar. [more]
Leptolaena is a genus of in the Sarcolaenaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Sarcolaena is a genus of in family Sarcolaenaceae. [more]
Xyloolaena is a genus within Sarcolaenaceae family. The genus has five species of shrubs and trees, all endemic to Madagascar. [more]
At least 7 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Xyloolaena.
More info about the Genus Xyloolaena may be found here.
- M. Ducousso, G. Béna, C. Bourgeois, B. Buyck, G. Eyssartier, M. Vincelette, R. Rabevohitra, L. Randrihasipara, B. Dreyfus & Y. Prin (2004). "The last common ancestor of Sarcolaenaceae and Asian dipterocarp trees was ectomycorrhizal before the India-Madagascar separation, about 88 million years ago". Molecular Ecology 13 (1): 231–236. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294 X.2003.02032.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x.
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