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Santalales

(Order)

Overview

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Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Order Santalales is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Aptandraceae

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Balanophoraceae

Balanophoraceae (from the inflorescence which appears to be covered by barnacles) is a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual development and obscure affinities. The family consist of 17 genera and approximately 50 species. The plants are normally found in moist inland forests growing on tree roots and have an aboveground inflorescence with the overall appearance of a fungus, composed of numerous minute flowers. The inflorescences develop inside the tuberous underground part of the plant, before rupturing it and surfacing. The plants are monoecious, or dioecious, and the fruits are indehiscent drupes or nuts. The underground portion, which attaches itself to the host, looks like a tuber, and is not a proper root system. The plants contain no chlorophyll. Balanophora means bearing an acorn (shape of the femal inflorescence). [more]

Eremolepidaceae

Santalaceae is a widely distributed family of flowering plants which, like other members of Santalales, are partially parasitic on other plants. Modern treatments of the Santalaceae include the family Viscaceae (mistletoes), previously considered distinct. [more]

Loranthaceae

Loranthaceae is a family of flowering plants, which has been universally recognized by taxonomists. It consists of about 75 genera and 1,000 species of woody plants, many of them hemi-parasites, all of them except three having the mistletoe habit. The three terrestrial species are Nuytsia floribunda - the Western Australian Christmas tree, - a rare shrub of the Blue Mountains of Australia, and the Central to South American species of Gaiadendron punctatum. [more]

Misodendraceae

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Octoknemaceae

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Olacaceae

Olacaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Santalales. They are woody plants, native throughout the tropical regions of the world. [more]

Opiliaceae

Opiliaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. It consists of perhaps a dozen genera, totalling several dozen species of tropical woody plants. Several genera contain parasitic species. The biggest genus, in number of species and in stature of the individual plants, is Agonandra, the only American genus. Except for the Australian genus Anthobolus (previously placed in Santalaceae), all other members of the family are found in the Old World tropics, where they are widespread. [more]

Santalaceae

Santalaceae is a widely distributed family of flowering plants which, like other members of Santalales, are partially parasitic on other plants. Modern treatments of the Santalaceae include the family Viscaceae (mistletoes), previously considered distinct. [more]

Viscaceae

Viscaceae is a family of flowering plants. In past decades, several systems of plant taxonomy recognized this family, notably the 1981 Cronquist system. In this circumscription, the family includes the several genera of mistletoes. [more]

At least 86 species and subspecies belong to the Family Viscaceae.

More info about the Family Viscaceae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 16:59:05