Rhipogonaceae (sometimes Ripogonaceae) is the of a family of flowering plants. The family is confined to eastern Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea. Rhipogonaceae is composed entirely of woody vines in the genus Rhipogonum (sometimes Ripogonum). Until recently this family was included in Smilacaceae, and its separation has been a matter of some debate. However, both the APG system and APG II system do recognize such a family and place it in the order Liliales, and the clade monocots. It differs from the closely related Smilacaceae only in that Rhipogonaceae is a twining vine that lacks tendrils, its seeds contain starch, the flowers are hermaphroditic, and the five sided anthers are longer than the filaments.
Some species of this family are used for constructing baskets, ropes, and fish tr aps by indigenous peoples. In Australia and New Zealand, Rhipogonum berries are known foods for some species of mammals and birds.
Supplejack (R. scandens) has a fibrous root rich in starch and used as a beer flavoring. Known to the Maori of New Zealand as Kariao (Kareao or Karewao) and Pirita, a concentrated decoction of the supplejack root has a sweetish sarsaparilla-like scent and flavour and is soothing to the throat. It was also useful in treating bowel complaints, fever, rheumatism and skin diseases. The edible small berry is dry and insipid but the cooked young shoots reportedly taste like fresh green beans. The sap is also edible.
It consists of only one genus, Rhipogonum containing only six species. A complete species list with distributions is given below.
- Rhipogonum album R. Br. -- (distributed in Australia & New Guinea)
- Rhipogonum brevifolium Conran & Cliff. -- (distributed in Australia)
- Rhipogonum discolor F. Muell. -- (distributed in Australia)
- Rhipogonum elseyanum F. Muell. -- (distributed in Australia)
- Rhipogonum fawcettianum F. Muell. Ex Benth. -- (distributed in Australia)
- Rhipogonum scandens J.R. & G. Forst. -- (distributed in New Zealand)
The name is based on the generic name and there is no close agreement on how this is spelled:
- Much of the literature uses the spelling Ripogonum for the generic name, with Ripogonaceae as the s pelling of the family name. That spelling is used by the APG system of 1998 and by the site by Watson & Dallwitz.
- The spelling Rhipogonum is listed on the website kept by prof Reveal as the correct spelling for the generic name, with the family name spelled as Rhipogonaceae. The APG II system (with Reveal as a co-publishing author) uses this spelling.
- ^ The Medicinal Properties of some New Zealand Plants
- ^ Medicines of the Maori. ISBN 0-00-211548-4. Written by Christina Macdonald,1974. Accessdate=2009-07-31
The Genus Ripogonum is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 12 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Genus Ripogonum: R. album · R. album var. album · R. album var. leptostachya · R. brevifolium · R. danesii · R. discolor · R. dubium · R. elseyanum · R. fawcettianum · R. mooreanum · R. papuanum · R. scandens (Supple Jack)
- The distribution map on the Distribution tab comes from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and is used with permission.
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