Trees or shrubs, evergreen, without spines, often with aerial roots. Stem nodes swollen. Stipules interpetiolar, sheathing terminal bud, caducous. Leaves simple, opposite or distichous, petiolate; leaf blade leathery, usually glabrous, margin entire, serrulate near apex, or completely serrulate. Inflorescences axillary, dense cymes. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; hypanthium present [or absent]. Calyx lobes 4-16, inserted on rim of hypanthium, free or scarcely connate a base, valvate, persistent in fruit. Petals usually as many as sepals, free, usually caducous, margin entire, lacerate, or 2-cleft. Stamens twice as many as calyx lobes; anther locules 4 to many, dehiscing longitudinally or by an adaxial valve. Hypogynous disk present or absent. Ovary inferior or half-inferior; carpels 2-5(-20), 2-8-loculed; ovules usually 2 per locule, pendulous; style 1; stigma entire, capitate, or lobed. Fruit pulpy or leathery, indehiscent. Seeds 1 to few, viviparous; seedling (propagule) 7-80 cm when shed (except in Carallia and Pellacalyx) .
The Family Rhizophoraceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (1): Caryophylloideae
- Tribe (4): Crossostylideae · Gynotrocheae · Macarisieae · Rhizophoreae
- Genus (36): Anopyxis · Anstrutheria · Baraultia · Barraldeia · Blepharistemma · Bruguiera · Carallia · Cassipourea · Catalium · Ceriops · Comiphyton · Crossostylis · Dactylopetalum · Demidofia · Dryptopetalum · Endosteira · Gynotroches · Haplopetalon · Kandelia · Kanilia · Karekandelia · Legnotis · Macarisia · Paradrypetes · Pellacalyx · Petalodactylis · Petalotoma · Plaesiantha · Rhizophora · Richaeia · Sagittipetalum · Sterigmapetalum · Symmetria · Tetracrypta · Tomostylis · Weihea
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 444 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Rhizophoraceae.
Anopyxis is a genus of plant in family Rhizophoraceae, with 3 species. [more]
Trees, producing kneelike pneumatophores. Trunk basally buttressed, often with a cone of stilt roots at base. Leaf scars showing evidence of 3 vascular bundles. Leaves entire. Inflorescences cymes, 1-5-flowered, pedunculate. Flowers generally nodding. Calyx accrescent, tube extending beyond ovary; lobes 8-14(-16), subulate-lanceolate. Petals as many as calyx lobes, usually 2-lobed, fringed with hairs and/or bristles. Stamens 2 × as many as petals, in unequal pairs opposite petals, each pair enclosed by inrolled petal margins; anthers introrse, dehiscing lengthwise. Ovary inferior, 2-4-loculed; ovules 2 per locule; style lobes 2-4. Fruit campanulate. Seed usually solitary, viviparous; hypocotyl terete or obscurely ribbed. [more]
Carallia is a genus of plant in family Rhizophoraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Cassipourea is a genus of in family Rhizophoraceae. [more]
Shrubs or small trees. Trunks often with stilt roots clustered around base. Stipules lanceolate. Leaves crowded near shoot apex; leaf blade veins obscure on both surfaces. Inflorescences condensed cymes, pedunculate, 2- to many flowered. Bracteoles 2, partly connate. Calyx deeply 5- or 6-lobed. Petals 5 or 6, white, each embracing 2 stamens, cohering at base, margin with uncinate trichomes. Stamens twice as many as calyx lobes. Disk cupular, shallowly lobed. Ovary semi-inferior, 3-loculed; ovules 2 per locule; style short; stigma entire or shortly lobed. Fruit ovoid. Hypocotyl clavate, ridged and grooved, apically tapering. [more]
Trees. Branches terete. Leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescences axillary, cymes, 4-9-flowered, pedunculate. Calyx deeply 5-lobed, subtended by a cuplike involucre of bracteoles. Petals 5, with long setae in sinus between petals, 2-lobed; lobes apically fimbriate. Stamens numerous, on a disk; anthers 4-celled, cells longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary inferior, 1-loculed; ovules 6 per locule; style filiform; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit with persistent calyx, attached to plant until falling with viviparous seedling. Seed 1, germinating on plant. Hypocotyl cylindric, spindle-shaped or clavate, apex pointed. [more]
Paradrypetes is a plant genus under the family Picrodendraceae. It is sometimes included in the Rhizophoraceae and was formerly included in the Euphorbiaceae family. [more]
Pellacalyx is a genus of plant in family Rhizophoraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Rhizophora is a genus of tropical trees. The most notable species is the Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) but other species are known, including Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa. Rhizophora species generally live in inter-tidal areas which are indundated daily by the ocean. They exhibit a number of adaptations to this environment, including stilt-roots that elevate the plants above the water and allow them to respire oxygen even while their lower roots are submerged, and a cytological molecular â€œpumpâ€ mechanism that allows them to remove excess salts from their cells. [more]
At least 47 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Weihea.
More info about the Genus Weihea may be found here.
- Chang Che-yung, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 52(2): 125-143.
- Ko Wan-cheung. 1983. Rhizophoraceae. In: Fang Wen-pei &
- Ko Wan-cheung. 1983. Rhizophoraceae. In: Fang Wen-pei &
- Haining Qin & David E. Boufford "Rhizophoraceae". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 295. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Bruguiera". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 295, 296. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Ceriops". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 295, 297. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Kandelia". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 295, 297, 298. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- The text on this page is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
- The distribution map on the Distribution tab comes from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and is used with permission.
- Photographs on this page are copyrighted by individual photographers, and individual copyrights apply.
- The GMapImageCutter is used under license from the UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis.
- The technology underlying this page, including the Image Browser and controls behind Keep Exploring, is owned by the BayScience Foundation. All rights are reserved.