The Subfamily Pooideae is a member of the Family Gramineae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Pooideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Pooideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (25): Agrostideae · Alysseae · Arundineae · Aveneae · Brachypodieae · Bromeae · Brylkinieae · Cisteae · Cynodonteae · Dioeae · Dorstenieae · Haemantheae · Hainardieae · Hyacintheae · Lygeeae · Meliceae · Nardeae · Paniceae · Patrinieae · Phleeae · Poeae · Pruneae · Rubeae · Stipeae · Triticeae
- Subtribe (3): Alopecuridinae · Aveninae · Phalaridinae
- Genus (102): Aegilops · Agropyron · Agrostis · Aira · Alopecurus · Amblyopyrum · Ammophila · Ampelodesmos · Anthoxanthum · Apera · Arrhenatherum · Austrostipa · Avena · Avenella · Avenula · Baptistonia · Barkeria · Bellevalia · Boissiera · Brachypodium · Briza · Bromus · Brosimum · Brylkinia · Calamagrostis · Catabrosa · Cinna · Cistus · Colpodium · Cutandia · Cynodon · Cynosurus · Dactylis · Deschampsia · Digitaria · Dioon · Elegia · Elymus · Elytrigia · Eremopoa · Eremopyrum · Festuca · Festulolium · Fibigia · Fumana · Glyceria · Haemanthus · Helictotrichon · Henrardia · Hesperostipa · Hierochloe · Holcus · Hordeum · Hyacinthella · Jarava · Kniphofia · Koeleria · Lagurus · Leucopoa · Leymus · Lolium · Lophochlaena · Lophochloa · Lygeum · Mahonia · Melica · Mibora · Micropyropsis · Milium · Nardus · Oryzopsis · Paris · Pascopyrum · Patrinia · Phalaris · Phleum · Pholiurus · Piptatherum · Piptochaetium · Poa · Polypogon · Prunus · Puccinellia · Rhodohypoxis · Roegneria · Rubus · Schisandra · Schizophragma · Secale · Sesleria · Solms-Laubachia · Sonderina · Stipa · Thinopyrum · Tiarella · Trisetum · Triticale · Triticosecale · Triticum · Typhoides · Vahlodea · Vulpia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 15,121 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Pooideae.
Aegilops is a genus of plants generally known as goatgrasses and belonging to the grass family, Poaceae. There are about 23 species and numerous sub species in the genus. Various members of the genus are classed as agricultural weeds. Growing through the winter, they resemble winter wheat. They are able to hybridize with various types of wheat and are sometimes classified as members of the wheat genus, Triticum. [more]
Agropyron is a genus of grasses (family Poaceae), native to Europe and Asia. Species in the genus are commonly referred to as crested-wheat grasses. In North America, species were introduced. [more]
Agrostis (bent or bentgrass) is a genus of over 100 species belonging to the grass family Poaceae, commonly referred to as the bent grasses. Among this group are some of the main traditional lawn grasses. [more]
Aira is a genus of about 10 species of annual grasses, native to western and southern Europe, southwest Asia and Africa. The common name, shared with the similar related genera Deschampsia and Koeleria, is Hair-grass, from the very slender leaves and stems. The species typically occur on dry, sandy sites, and grow to 20?40 cm tall. [more]
Alopecurus L., or Foxtail Grass, is a genus of the grass family Poaceae with 25 to 35 species. [more]
Amblyopyrum is a genus of grass in the Poaceae family. [more]
Ammophila is the Latin name of two genera: [more]
Ampelodesmos is a monotypic genus of grass containing the single species Ampelodesmos mauritanicus, which is known by the common names stramma, Mauritania grass, rope grass, and dis grass. [more]
Anthoxanthum, the vernal grasses or vernalgrasses, is a large genus of true grass with a cosmopolitan distribution. [more]
Apera is a small genus of annual grasses, known commonly as silkybent grass or windgrass. They are native to Europe and western Asia but have been introduced and naturalized elsewhere, especially A. interrupta and A. spica-venti. [more]
Arrhenatherum, commonly called Oat-grass or Button-grass, is a genus with seven species and subspecies from the grass family Poaceae. It grows in Europe and the Mediterranean. Wild forms resemble Wild Oat (Avena) or Fescue (Festuca). Meadow Oat-grass is also found on some alvar formations such as the Stora Alvaret of Oland, Sweden. [more]
Austrostipa is a genus of grass, with about 70 species. The genus includes Australasian species formerly included in the genus Stipa, and likely originated in Australia approximately 20 million years ago. [more]
The oats (Avena) are a genus of 10-15 species of true grasses (family Poaceae). They are native to Europe, Asia and northwest Africa. One species is widely cultivated elsewhere, and several have become naturalized in many parts of the world. All oats have edible seeds, though they are small and hard to harvest in most species. [more]
Deschampsia is a genus of grasses in the family Poaceae, commonly known as hair grass or tussock grass. There are 30 to 40 species. [more]
Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc. in the horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subtribe Oncidiinae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). This is a complex, difficult genus, with many species being reclassified. Calls are made for splitting this genus into multiple genera. [more]
Barkeria, abbreviated Bark in horticultural trade, is a genus of orchids originating from Mexico, comprising about 15 species. This genus was once considered part of Epidendrum. [more]
Bellevalia is a genus of plants in the . [more]
Brachypodium is a genus of . There are 15 to 18 species found in temperate and subtropical areas around the world. [more]
Briza is a of annual grasses in the family Poaceae, native to north temperate regions. The group is generally referred to as the quaking grasses because the flower and seedheads shake on their stalks in the slightest breeze. Some of its members are grown as ornamental plants. [more]
Bromus is a large genus of the true grass family (Poaceae), with about 160 species. Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400. They are commonly known as brome grasses or chess grasses [more]
Brosimum is a genus of plants in the mulberry family, Moraceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas. [more]
Calamagrostis, or Small-reed or (Am.) Reedgrass, is a genus in the Grass family Poaceae with about 260 species that occur mainly in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere and the southern hemisphere. Towards equatorial latitudes, species of Calamagrostis generally occur at higher elevations in mountainous regions. These tufted perennials usually have hairless narrow leaves. The ligules are usually blunt. The inflorescence forms a panicle. Some may be reed-like. [more]
Perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous. Leaf sheaths closed to middle or above; leaf blades linear, flat, glabrous; ligule membranous. Inflorescence an open or infrequently contracted panicle of many spikelets; branches minutely papillose; pedicels short. Spikelets with (1-) 2(-3) florets, subterete, disarticulating below each floret; rachilla extended above floret, glabrous; glumes unequal, much shorter than florets, membranous, lower less than 1/2 spikelet length, 0-1-veined, upper up to 2/3 spikelet length, prominently 1-3-veined, apex truncate or broadly obtuse; lemmas broadly ovate to oblong, herbaceous or thinly membranous becoming hyaline toward apex, rounded on back, prominently 3-veined, lateral veins marginal, glabrous, apex broadly obtuse to truncate, erose, awnless; floret callus short, glabrous; palea subequal to lemma, keels smooth. Stamens 3. Caryopsis ellipsoid, hilum shortly oblong. x = 5. [more]
Cinna was a cognomen that distinguished a patrician branch of the gens Cornelia, particularly in the late Roman Republic. [more]
Colpodium is a genus of grass in the Poaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Not to be confused with the vertebrate clade "Cynodont" [more]
Cynosurus is a genus of grasses. Plants in this genus are known generally as dogstail grass. They are native to the Mediterranean Basin, but some have been introduced elsewhere. [more]
Dactylis glomerata (Cocksfoot or Orchard Grass or Cocksfoot Grass) is a common , native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It has been introduced into North America. It is widely used for hay and as a forage grass. [more]
Deschampsia is a genus of wild plant in the grass family Poaceae, commonly known as hair grass or tussock grass. There are 30 to 40 species. [more]
Digitaria is a genus of about 300 species of grass (family Poaceae) native to tropical and warm temperate regions. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. [more]
Dioon is a plant of 14 described species. They are cycads in the family Zamiaceae, and native to Mexico, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Their habitats include tropical forests, pine-oak forest, and dry hillsides, canyons and coastal dunes. In North America, the Dioon can be seen growing from southern Florida up to Savannah,Georgia. [more]
In Greek mythology, Elymus (or Elumos) was the mythical ancestor of the Elymi, natives of Sicily. [more]
Elytrigia is a genus of about 20?40 species of grasses, native to temperate regions of the Old World, in Europe, Asia, and northwest Africa. The species are sometimes included in the related genera Agropyron or Elymus, while species in the genera Pascopyrum and are included in Elytrigia by some authors. [more]
Fescue (Festuca) is a genus of about 300 species of perennial tufted grasses, belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae). The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, although the majority of the species are found in cool temperate areas. The genus is closely related to ryegrass (Lolium), and recent evidence from phylogenetic studies using DNA sequencing of plant mitochondrial DNA shows that the genus lacks monophyly. As a result plant taxonomists have placed several species, including the forage grasses, tall fescue and meadow fescue, formerly belonging to the genus Festuca into the genus Lolium. [more]
Glyceria is a genus of known commonly as mannagrass or (in the UK) sweet-grass. These are perennial rhizomatous grasses found in wet areas in temperate regions worldwide. The base of the grass grows along the ground and may root at several places. Then it grows erect and bears leaf blades which may be flat or folded. The panicle inflorescences nod when heavy. Some mannagrasses are considered weeds while others are endangered in their native habitats. [more]
Haemanthus is a Southern African genus of Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae, with some 22 known species, endemic to South Africa, Namibia and the kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland. About 15 species occur in the winter rainfall region of Namaqualand and the Western Cape, the remainder being found in the summer rainfall region, with one species Haemanthus albiflos occurring in both regions. [more]
Helictotrichon is a genus of in the Poaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Hierochloe is a genus of known generally as sweetgrass. These are perennial rhizomatous grasses found in temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere. These erect green grasses are known for their sweet scent. They bear panicle inflorescences with rounded grass grain fruits. [more]
Holcus is a genus of eight species of grasses, native to Europe, Atlantic Ocean islands, Africa and western Asia. [more]
Hordeum is a genus of about 30 species of annual and perennial grasses, native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, temperate South America, and also South Africa. [more]
Kniphofia (), also called Tritoma, Red hot poker, Torch lily or Poker plant, is a genus of plants in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae, that includes 70 or more species native to Africa. Some species have been commercially used horticulturally and are commonly known for their bright, rocket-shaped flowers. [more]
Koeleria is a genus of true grasses which includes species known generally as Junegrasses. The genus was named after German botanist Georg Ludwig Koeler. [more]
The Steppe Lemming, or Lagurus lagurus, is a light grey, small, plump rodent that is like a lemming, but is not in the genus Lemmus, unlike the Norway Lemming (Lemmus lemmus). The Steppe Lemming is actually a vole (genus arvicola); its closest North American relation is the sagebrush vole. It is 87 to 140 mm long and 25 to 35g.
This lemming eats, shoots, and leaves and is more active at night, however is not strictly nocturnal. In the wild it is found in Russia and Ukraine in steppes and semi-arid environments. Fossil remains of this species have been found in areas as far as Great Britain. [more]
Leymus is a of the true grass family (Poaceae). The common name for this genus is "wild rye", however members of the genus Elymus are also sometimes given the same name. About 30 species of Leymus have been identified . [more]
Ryegrass (Lolium) is a genus of nine species of tufted grasses in the Pooideae subfamily of the Poaceae family. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. Also called tares (even though there is no firm evidence that this is the same as the plant given that name in English language translations of the Bible - vetches are another candidate), these plants are native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but are widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n = 14, and are closely related to the fescues Festuca. [more]
Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America and Central America. They are closely related to the genus Berberis. Botanists disagree on the acceptability of the genus name Mahonia. Several authorities argue plants in this genus should be included in the genus Berberis because several species in both genera are able to hybridize, and because when the two genera are looked at as a whole, there is no definite morphological separation. Mahonia typically have large, pinnate leaves 10?50 cm long with 5-15 leaflets, and flowers in racemes (5?20 cm long). [more]
Melica is a genus of perennial grasses known generally as melic or melic grass. They are found in most temperate regions of the world. They are clumping grasses with long, erect stems bearing spikelets of papery grass flowers. Some species of melic have corms and are sometimes called oniongrass. [more]
Annual or perennial. Leaf blades flat; ligule membranous. Inflorescence a terminal open panicle. Spikelets elliptic or ovate, with 1 floret, bisexual, slightly dorsally compressed, disarticulating above glumes, rachilla extension absent; glumes subequal, as long as spikelet, herbaceous, persistent, 3-veined; callus very short, obtuse, glabrous; lemma elliptic, slightly shorter than glumes, leathery becoming indurated and glossy at maturity, smooth, glabrous, obscurely 5-veined, margins involute, apex acute, awnless; palea resembling lemma in texture, 2-veined, not keeled. Lodicules 2. Stamens 3. [more]
Oryzopsis is a genus of from the family Poaceae, species from this genus are commonly called ricegrass. [more]
Herbs perennial. Rhizome slender or thickened. Stem erect, simple. Leaves 4 to many, very rarely 3, in a terminal whorl, petiolate, lanceolate to ovate, with 3 main veins and anastomosing veinlets. Flowers bisexual, solitary, terminal, pedunculate. Tepals 3--8, in 2 whorls, free; outer ones green, rarely white, ovate to lanceolate; inner ones linear or occasionally absent. Stamens 8--24 or more, 2--8 Ã— as many as tepals; filaments narrow, flat; anthers basifixed, often with convex connective apically. Ovary subglobose, 1-loculed with parietal placentation or 4--10-loculed with axile placentation. Style short; stigma lobes 4--10. Fruit a berry or a berrylike capsule, indehiscent or loculicidal, several to many seeded. [more]
Phleum (catstail or timothy-grass) is a genus of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses. The genus is native to Europe, Asia and north Africa, with one species (P. alpinum) also in North and South America. [more]
Pholiurus is a genus of grass in the Poaceae family. [more]
Piptatherum is a genus of grasses known as ricegrass. They are widely distributed throughout the temperate and subtropical areas of the world, but most are native to Eurasia. These are clumping perennial grasses with long, tapering leaf blades. [more]
Poa is a genus of about 500 species of grasses, native to the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Common names include meadow-grass (mainly Europe and Asia), bluegrass (mainly North America), tussock (some New Zealand species), and speargrass. "Poa" is Greek for fodder. Poa are members of the Pooideae subfamily of the Poaceae family. [more]
Polypogon is a genus of grasses which are known generally as beard grass or rabbitsfoot grass. They are native to Europe, Africa, and South America, but certain species have been introduced elsewhere. Species vary in appearance; some are erect while others drape over the ground in waves. Many have soft, fluffy inflorescences. Some species are considered noxious weeds, most notably the annual beard grass, Polypogon monspeliensis. [more]
Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, including the plums, cherries, peaches, apricots and almonds. It is traditionally placed within the rose family Rosaceae as a subfamily, the Prunoideae (or Amygdaloideae), but sometimes placed in its own family, the Prunaceae (or Amygdalaceae). There are around 430 species of Prunus, spread throughout the northern temperate regions of the globe. [more]
Puccinellia is a genus of grasses which are known as alkali grass. These grasses grow in wet environments, often in saline or alkaline conditions. They are native to temperate to Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere. [more]
Rubus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae. These plants have prickles like roses and are often called brambles; this name is most often used for the blackberry and similar fruits that are also of rambling habit, and not used for those like the raspberry that grow as upright canes. Their fruit, called bramble fruit, is an aggregate of drupelets. [more]
Schisandra (Magnolia Vine) is a genus of shrub commonly grown in gardens. It is a hardy deciduous climber which thrives in virtually any soil; its preferred position is on a sheltered shady wall. It may be propagated by taking cuttings of half-matured shoots in August. Species include S. chinensis, S. glaucescens, S. rubriflora and S. rubrifolia. [more]
Schizophragma is a genus of four species of lianas in the Hydrangeaceae, native to Asia from the Himalaya east to Taiwan and Japan. One species, S. hydrangeoides, is known as Climbing Hydrangea Vine. [more]
Secale is a genus in the tribe. The most known member is rye (Secale cereale). [more]
Herbs perennial, sometimes pulvinate, with well-developed, thick caudex covered with petioles of previous years. Trichomes absent or simple. Stems absent or rarely present and few leaved. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire. Cauline leaves absent, if present then sessile, entire. Flowers solitary on long pedicels originating from center of rosette, rarely in few- to several-flowered, ebracteate racemes elongated slightly in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slender, erect or divaricate. Sepals oblong, free or rarely united, usually persistent, erect, equal, base of lateral pair not saccate, margin not membranous. Petals purple, blue, pink, or white, suborbicular, obovate, spatulate, or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or emarginate; claw subequaling or longer than sepals. Stamens 6; filaments not dilated at base; anthers oblong-linear, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 2, lateral, often annular; median glands absent. Ovules 5-10 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques or silicles, linear, oblong, ovate, or lanceolate, latiseptate, sessile, readily detached from pedicel; valves papery, reticulate veined, with a prominent midvein and marginal veins, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, margin angled, apex persistently united with replum; replum rounded, concealed by connate valve margin; septum complete or rarely perforated, membranous, translucent; style absent, obsolete, rarely to 1 mm; stigma capitate, entire or slightly 2-lobed, lobes not decurrent. Seeds uniseriate or biseriate, wingless, broadly ovate or suborbicular, flattened; seed coat reticulate, rugose, or papillate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent. [more]
This article is about a type of grass. For the aircraft built by Caproni, see Caproni-Stipa. [more]
The Foamflowers (Tiarella) are a popular genus of wildflower and garden plants. They belong to the Saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae). Some species are: [more]
Perennials, tufted, sometimes shortly rhizomatous. Leaf blades narrowly to broadly linear, usually flat; ligule membranous. Inflorescence a moderately lax to spikelike panicle, shining. Spikelets with 2 or 3 florets, disarticulating below each floret; rachilla shortly bearded, extended beyond uppermost floret, tipped by a reduced or vestigial floret; glumes lanceolate, unequal or subequal, shorter than spikelet, keeled, herbaceous or membranous, margins broad, hyaline, lower glume 1(-3) -veined, upper glume 3-veined, apex acute or acuminate; floret callus glabrous or shortly bearded; lemmas lanceolate, laterally compressed, membranous to thinly leathery, 5-veined, glabrous, awned from above middle of back, apex 2-toothed, teeth often aristulate; awn geniculate with twisted column or merely outwardly curved; palea hyaline, slightly to distinctly shorter than lemma, gaping free from lemma margins. Ovary glabrous or almost so. Caryopsis with punctiform hilum; endosperm sometimes liquid. [more]
Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East and Ethiopian Highlands, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize (784 million tons) and rice (651 million tons). In 2009, world production of wheat was 682 million tons, making it the second most-produced cereal after maize (817 million tons), and with rice as close third (679 million tons). [more]
Vulpia is a genus of which are known as fescues; Vulpia is sometimes considered a subset of the main fescue genus, Festuca. Many of these fescues are considered noxious weeds in places where they are not native. Vulpia myuros is a notable weed in this genus. [more]
At least 129 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Vulpia.
More info about the Genus Vulpia may be found here.
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- "Eremopyrum". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 387, 440. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Zhen-lan Wu & Sylvia M. Phillips "Milium". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 225, 311. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Liang Song-jun, Victor G. Soukup "Paris". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 88. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Solms-Laubachia". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 142. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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