Shrublets, shrubs, or herbs. Stems striate or reduced to a caudex. Leaves simple, alternate or basal, sessile or petiolate but petiole usually indistinct from blade; stipules absent; leaf blade entire or rarely pinnately lobed, with chalk glands on both surfaces. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, unbranched or branched, spicate, spicate-racemose, subcapitate, capitate, or paniculate, arranged into complanate spikes if branched, all composed of 1--10 or more cymules or helicoid cymes; cymules or helicoid cymes usually known as spikelets, 1--5-flowered; bracts 1 at base of each spikelet; bractlets 1 or 2 at base of each flower. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, sessile or very shortly pedicellate. Calyx persistent, hypogynous, tubular to funnelform, 5-ribbed, 5-lobed. Corolla hypogynous, petals connate but sometimes only at base, lobes or segments 5 and twisted. Stamens opposite corolla lobes, hypogynous or inserted at corolla base; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing longitudinally. Pistil 1. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Styles 5, free or connate. Stigmas 5. Ovule 1, pendulous from a basal funicle. Capsules usually enclosed within calyx. Seeds 1 per capsule; embryo straight, surrounded by thin starchy endosperm.
The Family Plumbaginaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (2): Plumbaginoideae · Staticoideae
- Tribe (14): Abutilieae · Acacieae · Acalypheae · Anemoneae · Coreopsideae · Delphinieae · Diapensieae · Lobelieae · Narcisseae · Rhamneae · Rhododendreae · Senecioneae · Spiraeeae · Theeae
- Genus (51): Acantholimon · Aegialinites · Aegialitis · Aeoniopsis · Afrolimon · Armeria · Armeriastrum · Bakerolimon · Bamiania · Bubania · Bukiniczia · Caballeroa · Cephalorhizum · Ceratolimon · Ceratostigma · Chaetolimon · Chomutowia · Dictyolimon · Dyerophytum · Eremolimon · Eurychiton · Findlaya · Ghaznianthus · Gladiolimon · Goniolimon · Ikonnikovia · Lerrouxia · Limoniastrum · Limoniodes · Limoniopsis · Limonium · Mammilaria · Microcoelum · Molubda · Muellerolimon · Myriolepis · Myriolimon · Neogontscharovia · Plegorhiza · Plumbagella · Plumbagidium · Plumbago · Popoviolimon · Psylliostachys · Saharanthus · Statice · Taxanthema · Thela · Valoradia · Vassilczenkoa · Vogelia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3,119 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Plumbaginaceae.
Acantholimon (Prickly thrift) is a genus of small flowering plants within the plumbago or leadwort family, Plumbaginaceae. They are distributed from southeastern Europe to central Asia and also in South America, but also cultivated elsewhere in rock gardens. [more]
Aegialitis is a genus of two shrubby mangrove species, with one native to Southeast Asia and the other native to Australia and Papua New Guinea. [more]
Armeria is the botanical name for a genus of flowering plants. These plants are sometimes known as "thrift" or as the "sea pinks" as they are often found on coastlines. The genus counts over a hundred species, mostly native to the Mediterranean, although Armeria maritima is an exception, being distributed along the coasts of the Northern Hemisphere, including Ireland, parts of the United Kingdom such as Cornwall, and the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park in Wales . [more]
Ceratostigma (; from the Greek ?e?at?st???a), or Leadwort, Plumbago, is a genus of eight species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Common names are shared with the genus Plumbago. [more]
Herbs, perennial. Caudex thickened, ± woody, stems usually many from 1 crown near ground. Leaves crowded on caudex or on branch apices of caudex, in a rosette. Inflorescences usually 1 or 2 from rosette, axillary, 1--3-times branched; spikes on apical part or at apex of rachis branches, composed of 2--13 or more spikelets arranged distichously; spikelet 2--5-flowered; bracts and first bractlet with a membranous margin wider than herbaceous parts, apex rigidly and thickly cuspidate; first bractlet shorter than bracts. Calyx funnelform; tube upright or basally oblique, indistinctly herbaceous along ribs, scarious between ribs; limb white, dry membranous, expanded, apically 5- or 10-lobed. Corolla basally fused, apically free and expanded. Stamens adnate to base of corolla. Ovary oblong to ovoid-oblong, apex acute. Styles 5, free, basal half papillate; stigmas depressed capitate. Capsules oblong to ovoid-oblong. [more]
Sea-lavender (also Sea Lavender, Sealavender) or Statice is a genus Limonium of flowering plants with about 120 species. The genus was formerly often known by the synonym Statice. They are also sometimes known as Marsh-rosemary. They are members of the plumbago or leadwort family, Plumbaginaceae, and despite their common names, are not related to the lavenders or to rosemary. [more]
The genus Mammillaria is one of the largest in the cactus family (Cactaceae), with currently 171 known species and varieties recognized. Most of the mammillarias are native to Mexico, but some come from the southwest USA, the Caribbean, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras. [more]
Herbs, annual. Stems erect, branched. Leaves sessile, base clasping and decurrent. Inflorescences subcapitate when young, becoming shortly spicate; spikelets 2- or 3-flowered; bracts leaflike, herbaceous; bractlets 2, membranous. Flowers minute, pedicellate. Calyx siphonate-conical; tube not glandular, slightly 5-angular, angles alternating with lobes and becoming crested by fruiting stage; lobes with stalked glands along margin. Corolla narrowly campanulate, tube slightly longer than calyx, lobes erect. Stamens hypogynous or slightly adnate to corolla base; filaments linear, basally not expanded; anthers narrowly ovate. Ovary ovoid, apex acuminate. Styles connate, terminally 5-branched; stigma on inner surface of branches, covered with stalked capitate glands. [more]
Plumbago is a genus of 10-20 species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the world. Common names include plumbago and leadwort (names which are also shared by the genus Ceratostigma). The generic name, derived from the Latin words plumbum ("lead") and agere ("to resemble"), was first used by Pliny the Elder (23-79) for a plant known as ?????da??a (molybdaina) to Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40-90). This may have referred to its lead-blue flower color (OED), the ability of the sap to create lead-colored stains on skin, or Pliny's belief that the plant was a cure for lead poisoning. [more]
Limonium is a genus of 120 species. Members are also known as Sea Lavender, Statice, or Marsh-rosemary. Limonium is in Plumbaginaceae, the plumbago or leadwort family. Despite their common names, species are not related to the lavenders or to rosemary. [more]
At least 9 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Vogelia.
More info about the Genus Vogelia may be found here.
- Peng Ze-xiang (as Peng Tse-hsiang) in Li Shu-gang (as Lee Shu-kang), ed. 1987. Plumbaginaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 60(1): 1-47.
- Tse-Hsiang Pen & Rudolf V. Kamelin "Plumbaginaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 190. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Goniolimon". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 196. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Plumbagella". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 191. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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