Pandanales is an order of flowering plants, with a pantropical distribution.
The APG III system (2009) places the Pandanales in the monocots. Both the APG III and APG II systems include five families in this order:
Thus circumscribed, the order includes palm-like trees, shrubs, lianas, and herbs.
The circumscriptions in APG III and APG II change slightly from that in the 1998 APG system, which used the circumscription:
The Cronquist system (1981) placed the order in subclass Arecidae in class Liliopsida [=monocotyledons] with only one family:
The Wettstein system (1935) placed the order in class Monocotyledones and used a different circumscription, incorporating:
The Bentham & Hooker system (1883) had a similar order under the name Nudifloreae, incorporating:
Several species in this order produce strap-like leaves that are used for basketry; Pandanus (Pandanaceae) is used across Oceania for thatch, basketry, and to make cloth, and Carludovica palmata (Cyclanthaceae) leaves are made into Panama hats.
The Order Pandanales is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Family (5): Cyclanthaceae · Pandanaceae · Stemonaceae · Triuridaceae · Velloziaceae
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 2,898 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Order Pandanales.
Cyclanthaceae is a family of flowering plants. [more]
Pandanaceae is a family of flowering plants native to the tropics of the Old World. Such a family has been widely recognized by taxonomists. Pandanaceae are trees or climbing or scrambling shrubs distributed in the Old World tropics and are adapted from sea level in salted beaches to mountain cloud forest, and riverine forest habitat. The fruit is a drupe. [more]
Stemonaceae is a family of flowering plants, consisting of three or four genera with between 25-35 species. The APG II system places it in the order Pandanales, in the monocots. The family is native to southeastern Asia and northern Australasia, with one species in North America. [more]
Triuridaceae is a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by relatively few taxonomists. [more]
Velloziaceae is a botanical name for a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by many taxonomists. [more]
At least 554 species and subspecies belong to the Family Velloziaceae.
More info about the Family Velloziaceae may be found here.
- The text on this page is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It includes material from Wikipedia retrieved Wednesday, April 25, 2012.
- Photographs on this page are copyrighted by individual photographers, and individual copyrights apply.
- The technology underlying this page, including the controls behind Keep Exploring, is owned by the BayScience Foundation. All rights are reserved.