The Tribe Orchideae is a member of the Subfamily Hydrilloideae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Orchideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Tribe Orchideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subtribe (3): Brownleeinae · Disinae · Orchidinae
- Alliance (1): Phalaenopsis
- Genus (25): Anacamptis · Cynorkis · Dactylorhiza · Dalibarda · Damnacanthus · Dampiera · Danae · Disa · Disperis · Eleorchis · Gethyum · Gymnadenia · Habenaria · Hibanobambusa · Holothrix · Hydrilla · Impatiens · Isotria · Medeola · Nigritella · Ophrys · Ophthalmophyllum · Orchis · Peristylus · Platanthera
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 5,900 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Tribe Orchideae.
Anacamptis is a genus from the orchid family (Orchidaceae); it is often abbreviated as Ant in horticulture. This genus was established by Louis Claude Richard in 1817; the type species is the Pyramidal Orchid (A. pyramidalis) and it nowadays contains about one-third of the species placed in the "wastebin genus" Orchis before this was split up at the end of the 20th century, among them many that are of hybrid origin. The genus' scientific name is derived from the Greek word anakamptein, meaning "to bend backwards". [more]
Dactylorhiza (as named by Necker ex Nevski, 1937), is a genus of terrestrial (ground-dwelling) plants in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). [more]
Dampiera is a genus of plants in the Goodeniaceae family which are endemic to Australia occurring in all states. They are herbaceous plants or small shrubs which have blue or purple flowers with yellow centres. The genus is named for William Dampier, an English sea captain and scientific observer. [more]
Disperis is a genus of 74 species distributed in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Ryukyu Islands, China, Taiwan, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Philippines, New Guinea, and Carolines. Disperis refers to the pouches formed by the lateral sepals and its derivation from the Latin words "di" meaning double and "pera" meaning wallet or sac. [more]
Gymnadenia is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae) containing 22 terrestrial species. [more]
Habenaria, commonly called bog orchids, are a far ranging genus of orchid, one of approximately 800 described Orchidaceae genera within that large and diverse family. There are species in both tropical and temperate zones. [more]
Hibanobambusa is a genus of bamboo. [more]
Holothrix is a genus of in family Orchidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Hydrilla (Esthwaite Waterweed or Hydrilla) is an aquatic plant genus, usually treated as containing just one species, Hydrilla verticillata, though some botanists divide it into several species. Synonyms include H. asiatica, H. japonica, H. lithuanica, and H. ovalifolica. It is native to the cool and warm waters of the Old World in Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia, with a sparse, scattered distribution; in Europe, it is reported from Ireland, Great Britain, Germany, and the Baltic States, and in Australia from Northern Territory, Queensland, and New South Wales. . The stems grow up to 1?2 m long. The leaves are arranged in whorls of two to eight around the stem, each leaf 5?20 mm long and 0.7?2 mm broad, with serrations or small spines along the leaf margins; the leaf midrib is often reddish when fresh. It is monoecious (sometimes dioecious), with male and female flowers produced separately on a single plant; the flowers are small, with three sepals and three petals, the petals 3?5 mm long, transparent with red streaks. It reproduces primarily vegetatively by fragmentation and by rhizomes and turions (overwintering ), and flowers are rarely seen. [more]
Impatiens () is a genus of about 850?1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and tropics. Together with the puzzling Hydrocera triflora, this genus makes up the family Balsaminaceae. Such a situation is highly unusual, and phylogenetic studies might reveal that Impatiens needs to be split up; some of its species might be closer to Hydrocera than to their presumed congeners. [more]
Herbs, perennial, terrestrial, winter dormant. Roots long, slender, hairy with mycorrhizae. Stems simple, hollow, fleshy, smooth, glaucous. Leaves (2-) 5(-6), appearing whorled. Inflorescences terminal; bracts absent. Flowers 1-2, resupinate, erect, yellowish green to white, yellow, and purple, subsessile to pedicellate; sepals of same color, linear-oblanceolate to lanceolate, of equal size; petals oblanceolate, elliptic-obovate, or elliptic-lanceolate, enclosing column; lip apically 3-lobed, lateral lobes triangular, margins involute; callus forming fleshy medial crest; column white, apex denticulate; anther operculate; pollinia 2, hinged, soft, mealy; rostellum obscure; pollen in tetrads, granular; ovary green, slender. Fruits capsules, commonly persistent through following growing season, erect, ellipsoid-cylindric, dehiscent in fall. Seeds 1.2 × 0.2 mm. x = 9. [more]
Herbs, perennial, from tapered, white, tuberlike, horizontal rhizomes. Stems simple, slender. Leaves in 2 whorls; proximal blades oblong-oblanceolate, base attenuate, margins entire, apex acuminate; distal blades ovate, rounded at base, apex acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, umbellate, (2-) 3-9-flowered, sessile. Flowers: tepals caducous, 6, similar, recurved, distinct; stamens 6; anthers versatile, oblong, extrorse; ovary superior, 3-locular; styles 3, recurved, distinct to base, often purple; pedicel declined or spreading in flower, erect in fruit. Fruits baccate, dark purple to black, globose. Seeds few, shiny brown, subglobose. x = 7. [more]
The genus Ophrys is a large group of from the alliance Orchis in the subtribe Orchidinae. There are many natural hybrids. The type species is Ophrys insectifera L.1753 [more]
Orchis is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). This genus gets its name from the Ancient Greek ????? orchis, meaning "testicle", from the appearance of the paired subterranean tuberoids. [more]
The genus Platanthera belongs to the subfamily Orchidoideae of the family Orchidaceae, and comprises about 100 species of orchids. The members of this genus were previously included in the genus Orchis, which is a close relative (along with the genus Habenaria). They are distributed throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are terrestrial and have tubercules. [more]
At least 411 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Platanthera.
More info about the Genus Platanthera may be found here.
- Ames, O. 1905-1922. Orchidaceae: Illustrations and Studies of the Family Orchidaceae Issuing from the Ames Botanical Laboratory. 7 vols. Boston and New York. Vol. 7.
- Bell, A. D. 1974. Rhizome organization in relation to vegetative spread in Medeola virginiana. J. Arnold Arbor. 55: 458-468.
- Berg, R. Y. 1962. Morphology and taxonomic position of Medeola, Liliaceae. Skr. Norske Vidensk.-Akad. Oslo, Mat.-Naturvidensk. Kl., n. s. 3: 1-56.
- Berg, R. Y. 1962b. Contribution to the comparative embryology of the Liliaceae: Scoliopus, Trillium, Paris and Medeola. Skr. Norske Vidensk.-Akad. Oslo, Mat.-Naturvidensk. Kl., n. s. 4: 1-64.
- Homoya, M. A. 1977. The Distribution and Ecology of the Genus Isotria in Illinois. Master's thesis. Southern Illinois University.
- Mehrhoff, L. A. 1983. Pollination in the genus Isotria (Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 70: 1444-1453.
- Utech, F. H. 1978e. Floral vascular anatomy of Medeola virginiana L. (Liliaceae-Parideae = Trilliaceae) and tribal note. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 47: 13-28.
- Loyal A. Mehrhoff & Michael A. Homoya "Isotria". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 496, 511. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Frederick H. Utech "Medeola". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 15, 51, 56, 150, 152. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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