Evergreen trees, shrubs, or lianas, root parasites. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, margin entire, penninerved. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, spikes, racemes, or panicles [or umbels, in Africa]; bracts narrowly ovate or scale-like. Flowers small, actinomorphic, (3-) 5-merous, bisexual or unisexual and plants then dioecious or gynodioecious (in Champereia) . Perianth free or tepals partly united, valvate. Stamens as many as and opposite tepals, free or filaments inserted on tepals; anthers 2-loculed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Disk intrastaminal, lobed, annular, or cupular. Ovary superior or semi-sunken in disk, 1-loculed; ovule 1, pendulous, unitegmic, tenuinucellar; placentation free-central. Style short or none; stigma entire or shallowly lobed. Fruit a drupe. Seed coat thin; endosperm oily; embryo terete, with 3 or 4 linear cotyledons.
The Family Opiliaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (2): Agonandreae · Opilieae
- Genus (12): Agonandra · Cansjera · Champereia · Gjellerupia · Lepionurus · Leptonium · Melientha · Opilia · Pentarhopalopilia · Rhopalopilia · Urobotrya · Yunnanopilia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 121 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Opiliaceae.
Agonandra is a genus of plants in the family Opiliaceae. It contains about 10 species, including Agonandra loranthoides and Agonandra brasiliensis native to South America. [more]
Lianas or shrubs. Spikes axillary; bracts small, persistent. Flowers bisexual, 1 per bract. Perianth urceolate or campanulate, 4(or 5) -lobed, pilose. Filaments filiform. Disk scales alternate with stamens. Ovary ovoid or cylindric. Style short, hardly exceeding the perianth tube. Drupe mesocarp fleshy; endocarp thin; embryo with 3 or 4 cotyledons. [more]
Shrubs or trees, polygamous. Branchlets glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, usually at defoliated nodes or on trunk, panicles, widely branched when with bisexual flowers, more dense and with thick branches when with female flowers; bracts minute. Flowers 4- or 5-merous. Pedicel glabrous. Bisexual flower: tepals reflexed; disk annular; ovary semi-sunken in disk; stigma sessile. Female flowers: tepals erect; stamens rudimentary; disk lobed. Drupe mesocarp fleshy; endocarp woody; embryo with 3 cotyledons. [more]
Shrubs, usually glabrous. Racemes axillary, glabrous; bracts densely imbricate, margin hyaline and short ciliate, usually caducous. Flowers bisexual, 3 per bract. Pedicel short. Perianth united, deeply (3 or) 4(or 5) -lobed. Filaments flattened. Disk cupular, margin irregularly lobed. Ovary ovoid-conic. Stigma sessile, entire or shallowly 4-lobed. Drupe ellipsoid, sometimes ovoid; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp crustaceous; embryo with 3 or 4 cotyledons. [more]
Lianas or shrubs. Racemes axillary, tomentose; bracts peltate, densely imbricate, margin short ciliate, caducous. Flowers bisexual, 3 per bract. Tepals (4 or) 5, free, recurved. Disk (4 or) 5-lobed; lobes thick, fleshy, alternate with tepals. Ovary cylindric to ellipsoid. Stigma sessile. Drupe puberulent; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp thin, woody; embryo with 3 cotyledons. [more]
Shrubs or small trees. Branchlets glabrous or puberulous. Racemes axillary or at defoliate nodes; bracts narrowly lanceolate, ovate, or ± rounded, densely imbricate, margin hyaline and ciliate, usually caducous. Flowers bisexual, usually 3 per bract. Racemes glabrous. Pedicels glabrous or puberulous. Tepals 3 or 4(or 5), free, oblong, apex acute. Filaments filiform. Disk annular, fleshy. Ovary conic to cylindric. Stigma sessile. Drupe mesocarp thinly fleshy; embryo with 3 cotyledons. [more]
More info about the Genus Yunnanopilia may be found here.
- Chen Pang-yu. 1988. Opiliaceae. In: Kiu Hua-shing & Ling Yeou-ruenn, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 24: 4652.
- Huaxing Qiu & Paul Hiepko "Opiliaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 205. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Cansjera". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 205. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Champereia". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 206. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Lepionurus". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 206. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Opilia". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 205. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Urobotrya". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 206. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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