The Subfamily Nepetoideae is a member of the Family Labiatae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Nepetoideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Nepetoideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (28): Abutilieae · Amaryllideae · Anguillarieae · Baselleae · Bauereae · Callicarpeae · Cochlearieae · Colchiceae · Dipsaceae · Eccremocarpeae · Elsholtzieae · Geranieae · Gordonieae · Hippeastreae · Hyacintheae · Lagerstroemieae · Lavanduleae · Mentheae · Nepeteae · Ocimeae · Oleeae · Oroxyleae · Patrinieae · Saliceae · Salvieae · Stenomesseae · Surianeae · Tulipeae
- Subtribe (9): Hyptidinae · Lavandulinae · Menthinae · Nepetinae · Ociminae · Oleinae · Phragmipediinae · Plectranthinae · Salviinae
- Genus (136): Abutilon · Acinos · Aeollanthus · Agastache · Albuca · Alvesia · Aristotelia · Astilbe · Basella · Basilicum · Bauera · Blepharocalyx · Brachystele · Brillantaisia · Bystropogon · Calamintha · Calandrinia · Callicarpa · Catoferia · Cedronella · Cheiridopsis · Clinopodium · Cochlearia · Coleostephus · Collinsonia · Cornus · Cunila · Demosthenesia · Dracocephalum · Drimia · Duabanga · Eccremocarpus · Elegia · Elsholtzia · Eriope · Geranium · Glechoma · Glischrocaryon · Hedeoma · Heuchera · Hippeastrum · Horminum · Hoslundia · Hymenocrater · Hypenia · Hyptidendron · Hyptis · Hyssopus · Impatiens · Juniperus · Keiskea · Kinepetalum · Knautia · Kniphofia · Lallemantia · Lavandula · Lawsonia · Lebronnecia · Ledebouria · Lepechinia · Lycopus · Mahonia · Meehania · Melissa · Mentha · Menyanthes · Menziesia · Meriandra · Mesona · Micromeria · Minthostachys · Monarda · Monsonia · Mosla · Myrteola · Nemesia · Neolepisorus · Nepeta · Nerine · Niphimenes · Notelaea · Nothofagus · Ntha · Ocimum · Origanum · Ornithoglossum · Oroxylum · Oroya · Orthaea · Orthosiphon · Oscularia · Osmanthus · Pamianthe · Paris · Patrinia · Paulownia · Peltaria · Pericallis · Perilla · Perillula · Perovskia · Philotheca · Platostoma · Plectranthus · Pogonia · Polyxena · Prunella · Pseudorchis · Restio · Rhodophiala · Rosmarinus · Rracenia · Rumohra · Salix · Salvia · Saniella · Sarcococca · Sasaella · Satureja · Satyria · Satyrium · Sauroglossum · Saururus · Saxegothaea · Schima · Schisandra · Schizophragma · Stachyurus · Strumaria · Stylobasium · Thymus · Ugni · Wurmbea · Xanthocyparis · Xanthophthalmum · Ziziphora
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 10,188 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Nepetoideae.
Abutilon () is a large genus of approximately 150 species of broadleaf evergreens in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus includes annuals, perennials, shrubs, and small trees from 1?10 m tall, and is found in the tropical and subtropical regions of all continents. The leaves are alternate, unlobed or palmately lobed with 3-7 lobes. The flowers are conspicuous, with five petals, mostly red, pink, orange, yellow or white. [more]
Acinos is a genus of ten species of annual and short-lived evergreen perennial woody plants native to southern Europe and western Asia. Its name comes from the Greek word akinos, the name of a small aromatic plant. They are small, tufted, bushy or spreading plants growing to 10-45 cm tall. The 2-lipped, tubular flowers are in whorls borne on erect spike-like inflorescence produced in mid-summer. [more]
Agastache, is a genus of 9?12 species of perennial herbs in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern Asia (one species) and North America (the rest). [more]
Albuca is a genus of plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae. Most of the 100-140 species of bulbous plants in this genus are endemic to Southern Africa. [more]
Aristotelia is a genus of moth in the family . [more]
Astilbe () is a genus of 18 species of perennial, herbaceous flowering plants, within the family Saxifragaceae. Some species are commonly known as False Goat's Beard, and False Spirea. Astilbe species are native to Asia and North America. [more]
The genus Basella, in the plant family Basellaceae, comprises five species. Three species are endemic to Madagascar, and one to eastern Africa. [more]
Basil, or Sweet Basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum basilicum " class="IPA">/'b?z?l/ or, in the US, ), of the family Lamiaceae (mints), sometimes known as Saint Joseph's Wort in some English-speaking countries. [more]
Bauera is a small genus of shrubs which are endemic to eastern Australia. The species occur in the states of South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. The genus was named in honour of brothers Ferdinand Bauer and Franz Bauer, Austrian botanical illustrators. [more]
Blepharocalyx is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. It contains the following species: [more]
Brillantaisia is a genus of in family Acanthaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Calamintha is a genus of plants that belongs to the family Lamiaceae. There are about thirty species in the genus which is native to the northern temperate regions of Europe and Asia. [more]
The plant genus Calandrinia contains many species of purslane, including the redmaids. The genus was named for Jean Louis Calandrini, an 18th century Swiss botanist. It includes around 150 species of annual herbs which bear colorful flowers in shades of red to purple and white. Plants of this genus are native to Australia, Chile, and western North America. [more]
Beautyberry (Callicarpa) is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the family Verbenaceae; between 40-150 species are accepted by different botanists. They are native to east and southeast Asia (where the majority of the species occur), Australia, southeast North America and Central America. [more]
Cedronella is a of flowering plants in the Mentheae tribe of family Lamiaceae, comprising a single species, Cedronella canariensis, endemic to the Canary Islands. [more]
Clinopodium is a genus of about 13 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae [more]
Scurvy-grass (Cochlearia species; a.k.a. Scurvy grass, Scurvygrass, or Spoonwort) is a genus of about 30 species of annual and perennial herbs in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. They are widely distributed in temperate and arctic areas of the northern hemisphere, most commonly found in coastal regions, on cliff-tops and salt marshes where their high tolerance of salt enables them to avoid competition from larger, but less salt-tolerant plants; they also occur in alpine habitats in mountains and tundra. [more]
Dracocephalum is a genus of about 45 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are annual or perennial herbaceous plants or subshrubs, growing to 15-90 cm tall. [more]
Duabanga is a small genus of lowland evergreen rainforest trees in southeast Asia, comprising two or three species. [more]
Eccremocarpus (syn. Calampelis D.Don) is a genus of five species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to western South America in Chile, western Argentina, and Peru. The species are evergreen semi-woody vines growing to 1-7 m tall. [more]
Herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs. Verticillasters in continuous or interrupted spikes or capitula; spikes cylindric or secund, often compact, sometimes in panicles; bracts ovate or flabellate to minute, narrower than calyx. Calyx campanulate or cylindric, throat glabrous; teeth 5, subequal or anterior 2 longer. Corolla white, yellowish, or purplish, 2-lipped, hairy and glandular outside, hairy annulate or glabrous inside; tube to slightly longer than calyx, straight or slightly curved, funnelform; upper lip straight, margin entire or emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, lateral lobes entire; middle lobe largest, margin entire, apex erose or emarginate. Stamens 4, usually exserted, anterior 2 longer, rarely undeveloped, free; filaments glabrous; anther cells 2, divergent or divaricate, apex confluent. Ovary glabrous. Style usually exserted beyond stamens, apex deeply to shallowly 2-cleft; lobes subulate, sublinear or clavate, usually equal. Nutlets ovoid to oblong, glabrous or sparsely hairy, tuberculate or smooth. [more]
Geranium is a genus of 422 species of flowering annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as the cranesbills. It is found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. The long, palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. The flowers have 5 petals and are colored white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Propagation is by semi-ripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. [more]
Glechoma is a genus of 12 species of flowering plants in the mint family, and is native to much of Europe and Asia. The stems root at the nodes, often forming extensive mats ot coarsely toothed, rounded or broadly oval, soft hairy leaves. The ascending shoots bear pairs of small, tubular, 2-lipped flowers in the leaf axils in summer. The genus is closely related to the genera Nepeta, Stachys and Prunella. [more]
Glischrocaryon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Haloragaceae, endemic to Australia. Species occur in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia including: [more]
Hedeoma, or the false pennyroyal, is a of plants native to North and South America, consisting of about 38 species. [more]
The genus Heuchera () includes at least 50 species of herbaceous perennial plants in the family Saxifragaceae, all native to North America. Common names include alumroot and coral bells. They have palmately lobed leaves on long petioles, and a thick, woody rootstock. The genus was named after Johann Heinrich von Heucher (1677?1746), an 18th century German physician. [more]
Hippeastrum is a genus of about 90 species and 600+ hybrids and cultivars of bulbous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean. Some species are grown for their large showy flowers. For many years there was confusion amongst botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name "amaryllis" is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, which are widely used as indoor flowering bulbs. The generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. [more]
Horminum is a of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, comprising a single species, Horminum pyrenaicum, native to rocky slopes and grasslands in the Pyrenees and Alps in western Europe. Common names include Dragonmouth and Pyrenean Dead-nettle. [more]
Hyptis is a genus of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family. These plants, known commonly as bushmints, are widespread in the tropics and warmer temperate regions of the Americas. There are 300 to 400 species, which may be annual or perennial, and small herb to large shrub. [more]
Hyssop (Hyssopus) is a genus of about 10-12 species of herbaceous or semi-woody plants in the family Lamiaceae, native from the east Mediterranean to central Asia. They are aromatic, with erect branched stems up to 60 cm long covered with fine hairs at the tips. The leaves are narrow oblong, 2?5 cm long. The small blue flowers are borne on the upper part of the branches during summer. By far the best-known species is the Herb Hyssop (H. officinalis), widely cultivated outside its native area in the Mediterranean. [more]
Impatiens () is a genus of about 850?1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and tropics. Together with the puzzling Hydrocera triflora, this genus makes up the family Balsaminaceae. Such a situation is highly unusual, and phylogenetic studies might reveal that Impatiens needs to be split up; some of its species might be closer to Hydrocera than to their presumed congeners. [more]
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus () of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper, widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa in the Old World, and to the mountains of Central America. [more]
Herbs or subshrubs. Leaves petiolate, dentate. Verticillasters 2-flowered, in terminal and axillary racemes; bracts persistent, somewhat lax or imbricate. Calyx campanulate, sparsely hairy, throat tufted hairy at each tooth sinus or pilose annulate; teeth 5, subequal or posterior tooth smaller. Corolla white, yellowish, or purple; tube funnelform to subcylindric, annulate; upper lip 2-lobed; middle lobe of lower lip flat; longer than circular lateral lobes. Stamens 4, exserted or rarely included, anterior 2 longer; filaments separate, glabrous, edentate; anther cells 2, divergent, apex confluent. Style filiform, apex 2-cleft; lobes subulate or ± linear, equal or unequal. Nutlets subglobose, glabrous. [more]
Knautia is a genus in the family Dipsacaceae. The common names of these flowers are a variant of "widow flower." Others are given the name "Scabious," although this word belongs to a related genus (Scabiosa). [more]
Kniphofia (), also called Tritoma, Red hot poker, Torch lily or Poker plant, is a genus of plants in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae, that includes 70 or more species native to Africa. Some species have been commercially used horticulturally and are commonly known for their bright, rocket-shaped flowers. [more]
Lallemantia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. [more]
The lavenders (botanic name Lavandula) are a genus of 39 species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is an Old World genus, found from Cape Verde and Canary Islands, southern Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, south-west Asia to south-east India. Many members of the genus are cultivated extensively in temperate climates as ornamental plants for garden and landscape use, and also commercially for the extraction of essential oils. [more]
Lawsonia may refer to [more]
Lebronnecia is a monotypic genus of in the Malvaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Ledebouria is a of African bulbous perennial herbs in the hyacinth family Hyacinthaceae. Most members were previously part of the genus Scilla. A number of species are grown by cacti and succulent enthusiasts for their patterned leaves. [more]
Lepechinia is a genus of plants in the . It includes several species of plants known commonly as pitchersages (also pitcher sages). Plants of this genus can be found in South America, Mexico, California, and Hawaii. Many of them bear attractive pitcher-shaped flowers, often in shades of purple. The genus was named for the Russian botanist Ivan Ivanovich Lepechin. [more]
Lycopus (Gypsywort or Bugleweed) is a genus of about a dozen species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, northwest Asia, and North America. The species are most often found in wetlands, damp meadows, and stream banks. Some of the wetland species have become endangered . [more]
Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America and Central America. They are closely related to the genus Berberis. Botanists disagree on the acceptability of the genus name Mahonia. Several authorities argue plants in this genus should be included in the genus Berberis because several species in both genera are able to hybridize, and because when the two genera are looked at as a whole, there is no definite morphological separation. Mahonia typically have large, pinnate leaves 10?50 cm long with 5-15 leaflets, and flowers in racemes (5?20 cm long). [more]
Herbs annual or perennial, stoloniferous. Stems erect, nodes hairy, base sometimes woody. Leaves cordate-ovate to lanceolate, papery, margin dentate. Verticillasters few flowered, lax, in terminal or sometimes axillary racemes, sometimes 2-flowered; floral leaves leaflike, lanceolate, gradually reduced upward; bracteoles 2, small, subulate or nearly bristly. Calyx campanulate or tubular-campanulate, hairy, glabrous inside, 15-veined, dilated in fruit, 2-lipped; teeth ovate-triangular to lanceolate, 3 in upper lip, 2 in abaxial. Corolla purplish to purple, tubular, base narrower, gradually dilated to throat, not hairy annulate inside, 2-lipped; upper lip shorter, straight, apex emarginate or 2-lobed; lower lip long, 3-lobed, with middle lobe larger. Stamens 4, didynamous, included or posterior 2 slightly exserted, sometimes slightly complanate; anther cells 2, puberulent. Style slender, exserted, apex equally 2-cleft. Nutlets oblong to oblong-ovoid, glabrous. [more]
Melissa is a given name for a female child. The name comes from the Greek word ????ssa (melissa), "honey bee", which in turn comes from ???? (meli), "honey". In Ireland it is sometimes used as a feminine form of the Gaelic male name Maoil?osa, which means "servant of Jesus." Melissa also refers to the plant known as lemon balm (family Lamiaceae; genus and species Melissa officinalis). [more]
Mentha (also known as Mint, from Greek m?ntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family). The species are not clearly distinct and estimates of the number of species varies from 13 to 18. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally. Many other hybrids as well as numerous cultivars are known in cultivation. The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North America. [more]
Menyanthes is a monotypic genus of flowering plant in the family Menyanthaceae. The name Menyanthes comes from the Greek words menyein, meaning "disclosing", and anthos, meaning "flower", in reference to the sequential opening of flowers on the inflorescence. [more]
Menziesia is a genus of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae. [more]
Mesona is a genus in the mint family (Lamiaceae). [more]
Micromeria is a genus of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Monarda is a genus consisting of roughly 16 species of erect, herbaceous, annual or perennial plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus is endemic to North America. Ranging in height from 1 to 3 feet (0.2 to 0.9 m), the plants have an equal spread, with slender and long-tapering (lanceolate) leaves. The leaves are opposite on the stem, smooth to sparsely hairy, with lightly serrated margins, and ranging from 3 to 6 inches (7 to 14 cm) in length. In all species, the leaves, when crushed, exude a spicy, highly fragrant oil. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma (Oswego Tea) was found to contain the highest concentration of this oil. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, and bergamot, the last one due to the leaves' fragrance resembling that of Citrus bergamia fruits. The genus was named for Nicol?s Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants found in the New World. [more]
Herbs aromatic, annual. Leaves petiolate, dentate, abaxially conspicuously impressed glandular. Verticillasters 2-flowered, in terminal racemes; bracts small or lower ones leaflike. Flowers pedicellate. Calyx campanulate, 10-veined, throat hairy, limb subequally 5-toothed or 2-lipped; upper lip 3-toothed, teeth acute to obtuse; lower lip 2-toothed, teeth lanceolate; fruiting calyx dilated, with base swollen on 1 side. Corolla white or rose to purple-red, tube glabrous or hairy annulate inside; limb nearly 2-lipped, upper lip emarginate; lower lip 3-lobed, margin crenate; lateral lobes smaller than middle lobe, emarginate. Stamens 4, posterior 2 fertile, anterior 2 reduced, with indistinct anther cells; anther cells 2, divaricate. Style apex subequally to equally 2-cleft. Nutlets subglobose to globose, sparsely netted or pitted with small depressions; areolae basal, dotlike. [more]
Nemesia can be: [more]
Nepeta is a genus of about 250 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The members of this group are known as catnip or catmint because of their effect on cats?the nepetalactone contained in nepeta binds to the olfactory receptors of cats, typically resulting in temporary euphoria . Catmints are also used in herbal medicine for their mild sedative effect on humans.[unreliable source?] Chemical compounds isolated from Nepeta cataria inhibit calcineurin in vitro.[relevant? ? discuss] Nepeta cataria also has insect repellent properties. [more]
Nerine is a genus of plants belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family. Native to South Africa, there are about 30 different species in the genus. Nerine have been widely cultivated and much hybridized and are now spread world wide. [more]
Notelaea is a genus of Australian plants of the family Oleaceae. [more]
Nothofagus, also known as the southern beeches, is a genus of 36 species of trees and shrubs native to the temperate oceanic to tropical Southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). Fossils have recently been found in Antarctica. [more]
Ocimum is a genus of about 35 species of aromatic annual and perrenial herbs and shrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to the tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World. [more]
Origanum is a genus of about 20 species of aromatic herbs in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to eastern Asia. The genus includes some important culinary herbs, including Marjoram and Oregano. [more]
Trees small, few branched. Leaves opposite, 2- or 3-pinnately compound; leaflets entire. Inflorescences racemose, terminal, erect. Calyx large, purple, broadly campanulate, fleshy, apex subtruncate. Corolla purple-red, campanulate; limb slightly bilabiate; lobes spreading, rounded, margin sinuous. Stamens 5, subequal; filaments slender, long, compressed; anthers ellipsoid, 2-celled. Style filiform; stigma lingulate, compressed. Capsule dehiscing septicidally, long lanceolate, woody, compressed, ca. 1 m; septum woody. Seeds in several rows, very thin, compressed, rounded, surrounded by a transparent broad wing. [more]
Oroya is a of cacti (family Cactaceae), originating from Peru. [more]
Osmanthus (Osmanthus) is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, mostly native to warm temperate Asia (from the Caucasus east to Japan) but one species (O. americanus) in North America (southeastern United States, Texas to Virginia). They range in size from shrubs to small trees, 2-12 m tall. The leaves are opposite, evergreen, and simple, with an entire, serrated or coarsely toothed margin. The flowers are produced in spring, summer or autumn, each flower being about 1 cm long, white, with a four-lobed tubular-based corolla ('petals'). The flowers grow in small panicles, and in several species have a strong fragrance. The fruit is a small (10-15 mm), hard-skinned dark blue to purple drupe containing a single seed. [more]
Pamianthe is a genus of in family Amaryllidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Herbs perennial. Rhizome slender or thickened. Stem erect, simple. Leaves 4 to many, very rarely 3, in a terminal whorl, petiolate, lanceolate to ovate, with 3 main veins and anastomosing veinlets. Flowers bisexual, solitary, terminal, pedunculate. Tepals 3--8, in 2 whorls, free; outer ones green, rarely white, ovate to lanceolate; inner ones linear or occasionally absent. Stamens 8--24 or more, 2--8 Ã— as many as tepals; filaments narrow, flat; anthers basifixed, often with convex connective apically. Ovary subglobose, 1-loculed with parietal placentation or 4--10-loculed with axile placentation. Style short; stigma lobes 4--10. Fruit a berry or a berrylike capsule, indehiscent or loculicidal, several to many seeded. [more]
Paulownia is a genus of between 6â€“17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of plants in the monogeneric family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae. They are native to much of China (its name in Chinese is æ³¡æ¡/pao1tong2), south to northern Laos and Vietnam, and long cultivated elsewhere in eastern Asia, notably in Japan and Korea. They are deciduous trees 10â€“25 m tall, with large leaves 15â€“40 cm across, arranged in opposite pairs on the stem. The flowers are produced in early spring on panicles 10â€“30 cm long, with a tubular purple corolla resembling a foxglove flower. The fruit is a dry capsule, containing thousands of minute seeds. [more]
Pericallis is a small genus of about 14 species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to the Canary Islands and Madeira. The genus includes herbaceous plants and small subshrubs. In the past, the genus was often included in either Cineraria or Senecio. [more]
Perilla is the common name for the herbs, known ethnically by various names, but now classified under the single species Perilla frutescens of the mint family, Lamiaceae. [more]
Perovskia is a genus in the Lamiaceae or mint family, closely related to the genus Salvia (sages), and native to southwestern and central Asia. The genus comprises seven species, including the garden plant commonly known as Russian Sage. [more]
Plectranthus, with some 350 species, is a genus of warm-climate plants occurring largely in the southern hemisphere, in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, India and the Indonesian archipelago down to Australia and some Pacific islands. It is closely related to Solenostemon and known as the spurflowers. Several species are grown as ornamental plants, as leaf vegetables, as root vegetables for their edible tubers, or as medicine. [more]
Pogonia is a genus of orchids (family Orchidaceae) belonging to the subfamily Vanilloideae. [more]
Herbs, perennial, rather succulent. Roots fasciculate, fleshy, both slender and digitately divided tuberoids. Stems leafy, leaves gradually reduced apically, generally to bracts proximal to inflorescence. Leaves few to several, ascending-spreading, conduplicate, bases sheathing. Inflorescences terminal, solitary, rather dense spikes; floral bracts foliaceous, prominently exserted to reduced and inconspicuous. Flowers several to many, resupinate; lip deeply 3-lobed, lobes entire, nearly equal, base spurred; anther cells parallel; pollinia 2, pollinaria 2, separated by thick, fleshy, laminar projection of midlobe of rostellum, free viscidia sheltered within pockets formed by auriculate lateral rostellum lobes; stigma concave. Fruits capsules. [more]
Restio is the name of a group of plants within the . Many species formerly included within the Restio genus are now classified into a number of other genera including Acion, Baloskion and Eurychorda. [more]
Rosmarinus is a small genus of woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region. [more]
Willows, sallows, and osiers form the genus Salix, around 400 species of deciduous trees and shrubs, found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called osier, and some broader-leaved species are referred to as sallow (from Old English sealh, related to the Latin word salix, willow). Some willows (particularly arctic and alpine species) are low-growing or creeping shrubs; for example, the dwarf willow (Salix herbacea) rarely exceeds 6 cm (2 in) in height, though it spreads widely across the ground. [more]
Salvia is the largest genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with approximately 700-900 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. It is one of several genera commonly referred to as sage. When used without modifiers, sage generally refers to Salvia officinalis ("common sage"); however, it is used with modifiers to refer to any member of the genus. The ornamental species are commonly referred to by their genus name Salvia. [more]
Sarcococca, Sweet box, or Christmas box is a genus of 16-20 species of flowering plants in the family Buxaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia and the Himalaya. They are slow-growing evergreen shrubs 1-2 m tall. The leaves are borne alternately, 3-12 cm long and 1-4 cm broad. They bear fragrant flowers, often in winter. The fruit is a red or black drupe containing 1-3 seeds. Some species are cultivated for ground cover in shady areas. [more]
Sasaella is a genus of bamboo. [more]
Satureja is a of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. There are about 30 species called savories, of which Summer Savory and Winter Savory are the most important in cultivation. [more]
Saururaceae is a plant family comprising four genera and six species of herbaceous flowering plants native to eastern and southern Asia and North America. The family has been recognised by most taxonomists, and is sometimes known as the "lizard's-tail family". The APG II system (2003; unchanged from the 1998 APG system) assigned it to the order Piperales in the clade magnoliids. [more]
Saxegothaea is a comprising a single species of conifer belonging to the podocarp family Podocarpaceae, its full scientific name is Saxegothaea conspicua, native to southern South America. It grows in Chile from 35° to 46° South latitude, in its northernmost natural distribution it grows between 800 and 1000 (2600-3300 ft) m above sea level and in the south it lives at sea level. . The species is most often known by its genus name, or sometimes as Female Maniu (a translation of its name in Spanish) and "Prince Albert's Yew", although it is not a yew (Taxus); in South America it is known as Mañío hembra or Maniú hembra. [more]
Schima is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the tea family, Theaceae. [more]
Schisandra (Magnolia Vine) is a genus of shrub commonly grown in gardens. It is a hardy deciduous climber which thrives in virtually any soil; its preferred position is on a sheltered shady wall. It may be propagated by taking cuttings of half-matured shoots in August. Species include S. chinensis, S. glaucescens, S. rubriflora and S. rubrifolia. [more]
Schizophragma is a genus of four species of lianas in the Hydrangeaceae, native to Asia from the Himalaya east to Taiwan and Japan. One species, S. hydrangeoides, is known as Climbing Hydrangea Vine. [more]
Strumaria is a genus of in family Amaryllidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Subshrubs with slender branches arising from usually short, sometimes stout, woody stems. Leaves entire or 1-3-serrulate. Verticillasters in dense capitula or spikes. Flowers pedicellate. Calyx tubular-campanulate to narrowly campanulate, 10-13-veined, 2-lipped, throat white hairy annulate; upper lip spreading or straight, 3-toothed, teeth triangular to lanceolate; lower lip 2-toothed, teeth subulate. Corolla tube included or exserted, 2-lipped; upper lip straight, emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, lobes subequal or middle lobe longer. Stamens 4, separate; anterior 2 longer, exserted or included; anther cells 2, parallel or divaricate. Style apex 2-cleft; lobes subulate, equal or subequal. Nutlets ovoid or oblong, smooth. [more]
Ugni is a genus of about 10 species of plants in the myrtle family , native to western South America and Central America from the Valdivian temperate rain forests of southern Chile north to southern Mexico, and also the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile. They are shrubs with evergreen foliage, reaching 1-5 m tall. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1-4 cm long and 0.2-2.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1-2 cm diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and numerous short stamens; the fruit is a small red or purple berry 1 cm diameter. [more]
Callitropsis (synonym Xanthocyparis) is a genus of cypresses in the family Cupressaceae, with several native to North America and one native to Vietnam in southeast Asia. [more]
Plants annual or perennial, herbaceous or subshrubby. Leaves short petiolate or subsessile; leaf blade abaxially glandular. Verticillasters scattered in leaf axils or crowded in a terminal capitulum; floral leaves as large as stem leaves or reduced. Calyx narrowly cylindric, straight to slightly curved, 13-veined, villous annulate at throat, obscurely 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed; teeth subequal, close together, rarely divergent following anthesis. Corolla limb 2-lipped; upper lip straight, margin entire, apex emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, middle lobe narrower than suborbicular lateral lobes, apex emarginate. Anterior stamens fertile, reaching upper corolla lip, posterior stamens rudimentary, short, or absent; anther cells linear, 2 or only 1 developed, the other reduced to an appendage or absent. Style apex unequally 2-cleft, posterior lobe short. Nutlets ovoid, smooth. [more]
At least 62 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Ziziphora.
More info about the Genus Ziziphora may be found here.
- JI Yun-Heng, ZHOU Zhe-Kun & LI Heng. 2007. Four new synonyms in the genus Paris (Trilliaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 45: 388-390.
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