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Myrtales

(Order)

Overview

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Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Order Myrtales is a member of the Class Magnoliopsida. Here is the complete "parentage" of Myrtales:

The Order Myrtales is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Alzateaceae

Alzatea verticillata is a small flowering tree, native to the Neotropics. It inhabits moist submontane forests from Costa Rica and Panama in Central America south to Peru and Bolivia in tropical South America. It is the sole species of genus Alzatea and family Alzateaceae. [more]

Combretaceae

Combretaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Myrtales. The family includes about 600 species of trees, shrubs, and lianas in 18 genera. The family includes the leadwood tree, Combretum imberbe. Three genera, Conocarpus, Laguncularia and Lumnitzera, grow in mangrove habitats (mangals). Combretaceae are widespread in the subtropics and tropics. Some members of this family produce useful construction timber, such as idigbo from Terminalia ivorensis. [more]

Crypteroniaceae

Crypteroniaceae is a family of flowering trees and shrubs. The family includes about 10 species in 3 genera, native to Indomalaya. [more]

Duabangaceae

Duabanga is a small genus of lowland evergreen rainforest trees in southeast Asia, comprising two or three species. [more]

Heteropyxidaceae

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Lythraceae

Lythraceae are a family of flowering plants. It includes about 620 species of mostly herbs, with some shrubs and trees, in 31 genera. Major genera include Cuphea (275 spp.), Lagerstroemia (56), Nesaea (50), Rotala (45), and Lythrum (35). Lythraceae have a worldwide distribution, with most species in the tropics but ranging into temperate climate regions as well. [more]

Melastomataceae

The family Melastomataceae (alternatively Melastomaceae) is a taxon of dicotyledonous flowering plants found mostly in the tropics (two thirds of the genera are from the New World tropics) comprising some 200 genera and 4500 species. Melastomes are annual or perennial herbs, shrubs, or small trees. [more]

Memecylaceae

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Myrtaceae

The Myrtaceae or Myrtle family are a family of dicotyledon plants, placed within the order Myrtales. Myrtle, clove, guava, feijoa, allspice, and eucalyptus belong here. All species are woody, with essential oils, and flower parts in multiples of four or five. One notable character of the family is that the phloem is located on both sides of the xylem, not just outside as in most other plants. The leaves are evergreen, alternate to mostly opposite, simple, and usually with an entire (not toothed) margin. The flowers have a base number of five petals, though in several genera the petals are minute or absent. The stamens are usually very conspicuous, brightly colored and numerous. [more]

Oliniaceae

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Onagraceae

Onagraceae, also known as the Willowherb family or Evening Primrose family, are a family of flowering plants. The family includes about 640-650 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees in 20-24 genera. The family is widespread, on every continent from boreal to tropical regions. [more]

Penaeaceae

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Psiloxylaceae

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Punicaceae

Punica is a small genus of fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small trees. Its best known species is the pomegranate (Punica granatum). The only other species in the genus, the Socotra pomegranate (Punica protopunica), is endemic on the island of Socotra. It differs in having pink (not red) flowers and smaller, less sweet fruit. [more]

Rhynchocalycaceae

Rhynchocalyx lawsonioides is a small flowering tree, the sole species of family Rhynchocalycaceae. It is endemic to the KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic ecoregion of the Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. [more]

Sonneratiaceae

Sonneratiaceae was a family of flowering plants placed in the order Myrtales by the Cronquist system. It consisted of two genera, Sonneratia and Duabanga. These are now generally placed in their own monotypic subfamilies of the family Lythraceae, making Sonneratiaceae superfluous. [more]

Trapaceae

The water caltrop, water chestnut, buffalo nut, bat nut, devil pod or Singhara (???????) or Pani-fol (??????) is either of two species of the genus Trapa: Trapa natans and Trapa bicornis. Both species are floating annual aquatic plants, growing in slow-moving water up to 5 meters deep, native to warm temperate parts of Eurasia and Africa. They bear ornately shaped fruits, which in the case of T. bicornis resemble the head of a bull, each fruit containing a single very large starchy seed. It has been cultivated in China and India for at least 3,000 years for the seeds. [more]

Vochysiaceae

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales. [more]

At least 517 species and subspecies belong to the Family Vochysiaceae.

More info about the Family Vochysiaceae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 25, 2014
2014/08/25 15:48:44