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Myrtaceae

(Family)

Overview

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Trees or shrubs, evergreen, usually with essential oils-containing cavities in foliage, branchlets, and flowers. Stipules absent or small and caducous. Leaves opposite, occasionally alternate, occasionally ternate or pseudo-whorled; leaf blade with secondary veins pinnate or basal, often with intramarginal veins near margin, margin usually entire. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, cymose but variously arranged, 1- to many-flowered. Flowers bisexual, sometimes polygamous, actinomorphic. Hypanthium usually adnate to ovary and prolonged above it. Calyx lobes (3 or) 4 or 5 or more, distinct or connate into a calyptra. Petals 4 or 5, sometimes absent, distinct or connate into a calyptra, sometimes coherent and pseudocalyptrate. Stamens usually numerous, in 1 to several whorls; filaments distinct or connate into 5 bundles opposite petals; anthers 2-celled, dorsifixed or basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally or rarely terminally; connectives usually terminating in 1 or more apical glands. Ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or very rarely superior, carpels 2 to more, locules 1 to many, pseudoseptum sometimes present, placentation usually axile but occasionally parietal; ovules 1 to several per locule. Style single; stigma single. Fruit a capsule, berry, drupaceous berry, or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seeds without endosperm or endosperm sparse and thin; testa cartilaginous or thinly membranous, sometimes absent; embryo straight or curved.

About 130 genera and 4500-5000 species: Mediterranean region, sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, tropical and temperate Asia, Australia, Pacific islands, tropical and South America; 10 genera (five introduced) and 121 species (50 endemic, 32 introduced treated here) in China.

Many Myrtaceae are cultivated garden ornamentals, street trees, or plantation trees. Some members of tribe Syzygieae are grown as fruit crops. In addition to the cultivated members of the family treated here, some others grown in China include Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burrett (Feijoa sellowiana (O. Berg) O. Berg), Myrtus communis Linnaeus, and Syncarpia glomulifera (Smith) Niedenzu.[1]

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Myrtaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Abbevillea

[more]

Acca

[more]

Accara

Accara elegans is the sole species of the monotypic genus Accara in the botanical family Myrtaceae. It is a shrub native to Brazil, reaching 1-2m in height. [more]

Acicalyptus

[more]

Acmena

Acmena is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They are related to guavas. The name is derived from the Greek word for "plentiful." [more]

Acmenosperma

Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. The genus comprises about 1100 species, and has a native range that extends from Africa and Madagascar through southern Asia east through the Pacific. Its highest levels of diversity occur from Malaysia to northeastern Australia, where many species are very poorly known and many more have not been described taxonomically. 62 species are found in Australia and are generally known as lillipillies, brush cherries or satinash. [more]

Acrandra

[more]

Acreugenia

[more]

Actinodium

Actinodium is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae, endemic to Western Australia. [more]

Agalmanthus

[more]

Agasta

[more]

Agonis

Agonis is a genus of four species in the plant family Myrtaceae. All are endemic to Western Australia, growing near the coast in the south west. [more]

Aguava

[more]

Algrizea

[more]

Allosyncarpia

Allosyncarpia ternata, commonly known as An-binik, is a species of rainforest tree in the botanical family Myrtaceae. It is a large, spreading, shady tree, and the only species in the genus Allosyncarpia. It is endemic to the Northern Territory of Australia where it is found in sandstone gorges along creeks emerging from Arnhem Land. It was described in 1981 by Stanley Blake of the Queensland Herbarium. [more]

Aluta

Aluta is a genus of small shrubs in the family Myrtaceae. Species occur in Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory. When the genus was erected in 2000, three species were transferred from the genus Thryptomene. [more]

Amomis

[more]

Amomyrtella

Amomyrtella is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Amomyrtus

Amomyrtus is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Amyrsia

[more]

Anamomis

[more]

Anetholea

[more]

Angasomyrtus

Angasomyrtus is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the botanical family Myrtaceae, containing the sole species Angasomyrtus salina. [more]

Angophora

Angophora is a genus of ten species of trees or large shrubs in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to eastern Australia. It is closely related to Corymbia and Eucalyptus, and all three are often referred to as "eucalypts". The differences are that Angophora have opposite leaves rather than alternate, and lack a bud cap or operculum. Angophora also has fruit with sharp ribs, while the fruit of Eucalyptus is usually smooth. [more]

Anticoryne

[more]

Aphanomyrtus

[more]

Archirhodomyrtus

Archirhodomyrtus is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Arillastrum

Arillastrum is a monotypic genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae, containing the sole species Arillastrum gummiferum, which is endemic to New Caledonia. [more]

Aspidogenia

[more]

Astartea

Astartea is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae. The genus is endemic to the south west of Western Australia. [more]

Asteromyrtus

Asteromyrtus is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Astraea

Astraea may mean: [more]

Astus

[more]

Aulomyrcia

[more]

Austromyrtus

Austromyrtus is a genus of shrubs in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. The three species are found along the east coast of Australia, in Queensland and/or New South Wales. The fruits of A. dulcis have a hint of cinnamon flavouring. The species under this generic name in New Caledonia are being taxonomically revised and will be transferred to another genus. [more]

Babingtonia

Babingtonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae. The species are native to Australia. Many species formerly placed in the genus are currently included in Sannantha, Baeckea, , Kardomia, Seorsus and Harmogia. The remaining species include: [more]

Backhousia

Backhousia is a small genus of five[ ? discuss] species of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, native to the rainforests of eastern Australia. They are aromatic shrubs or trees growing to 5-25 m tall, with evergreen leaves 3-12 cm long and 1-6 cm broad, arranged opposite on the shoots. [more]

Baeckea

Baeckea is a genus of 75 species of shrub in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They are found in Australia, New Caledonia and Southeast Asia with Australia having the largest distribution. [more]

Balaustion

Balaustion is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae.The sole species is Balaustion pulcherrimum, commonly known as Native Pomegranate, which is endemic to Western Australia. A former species, Balaustion microphylla, is currently placed in the genus Cheyniana. [more]

Ballardia

[more]

Baranda

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Barongia

[more]

Basisperma

[more]

Beaufortia

Beaufortia may refer to: [more]

Billotia

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Billottia

[more]

Blepharocalyx

Blepharocalyx is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. It contains the following species: [more]

Botryoropis

[more]

Britoa

[more]

Bucheria

[more]

Burcardia

[more]

Cajuputi

[more]

Callistemon

Callistemon () is a genus of 34 species of shrubs in the family Myrtaceae, all of which are endemic to Australia. It is sometimes considered a synonym of Melaleuca, and four Callistemon species from New Caledonia were moved to that genus by Lyndley Craven and John Dawson in 1998. Callistemon species are commonly referred to as bottlebrushes because of their cylindrical, brush like flowers resembling a traditional bottle brush. They are found in the more temperate regions of Australia, mostly along the east coast and south-west, and typically favour moist conditions so when planted in gardens thrive on regular watering. However, at least some of the species are drought-resistant. [more]

Callothamnus

[more]

Calomyrtus

[more]

Calophylloides

[more]

Calothamnus

Calothamnus is a genus of shrubs, in the family Myrtaceae, which are endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. The name Calothamnus, ascribed to the genus by botanist Robert Brown, is derived from the Greek words kalos (beautiful) and thamnos (shrub). [more]

Calycampe

[more]

Calycolpus

Calycolpus is a of the botanical family Myrtaceae, native to the Americas. [more]

Calycorectes

Calycorectes is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Calycothrix

[more]

Calyptranthes

Lidflower (Calyptranthes spp.) or Mountainbay is a large genus of flowering plants from the family Myrtaceae. [more]

Calyptrogenia

[more]

Calyptromyrcia

[more]

Calyptropsidium

[more]

Calythropsis

[more]

Calytrix

Calytrix is a genus of shrubs in the family Myrtaceae. They are commonly known as Starflowers. [more]

Camphoromyrtus

[more]

Campomanesia

Campomanesia is a of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Carpolepis

[more]

Caryophyllus

[more]

Catinga

[more]

Cerocarpus

[more]

Cerqueiria

[more]

Chamaelaucium

[more]

Chamelaucium

Chamelaucium, also known as waxflower, is a genus of shrubs endemic to south western Western Australia. They belong to the myrtle family Myrtaceae and have flowers similar to those of the tea-trees (Leptospermum). The most well-known species is the Geraldton Wax, Chamelaucium uncinatum, which is cultivated widely for its large attractive flowers. [more]

Chamguava

Chamguava is a genus of the botanical family Myrtaceae, described in 1991 from Central America. [more]

Charlesworthara

[more]

Cheynia

[more]

Cheyniana

[more]

Chloromyrtus

[more]

Choricarpia

[more]

Chrysorhoe

[more]

Chytraculia

[more]

Ciposia

[more]

Clavimyrtus

[more]

Cleistocalyx

[more]

Cloezia

[more]

Cluacena

[more]

Conothamnus

[more]

Corymbia

Corymbia is a genus of about 113 species of tree that were classified as Eucalyptus species until the mid-1990s. It includes the bloodwoods, ghost gums and spotted gums. The bloodwoods had been recognised as a distinct group within the large and diverse Eucalyptus genus since 1867. Molecular research in the 1990s, however, showed that they, along with the rest of the Corymbia section, are more closely related to Angophora than to Eucalyptus, and are probably best regarded as a separate genus. All three genera - Angophora, Corymbia and Eucalyptus - are closely related, often difficult to tell apart, and are still commonly and correctly referred to as "eucalypts". Groups of naturalists and conservationists do not recognise the Corymbia genus and still categorise its species within Eucalyptus. [more]

Corynanthera

[more]

Corynemyrtus

[more]

Cryptorhiza

[more]

Cryptostemon

[more]

Cumetea

[more]

Cupheanthus

[more]

Curitiba

Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land", Portuguese pronunciation:  or [ku?i't?ib?]) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paran?. The city's population numbers approximately 1.75 million people, making it the 8th most populous in the country, and the largest in the Brazil's South Region. Its metropolitan area, called Curitiba Metropolitan Area (Regi?o Metropolitana de Curitiba, in portuguese), comprises 26 municipalities with a total population of over 3.2 million (IBGE estimate in 2010), the seventh most populous in the country. [more]

Cyathostemon

[more]

Cynomyrtus

[more]

Darwinia

Darwinia may mean: [more]

Decalophium

[more]

Decaspermum

Shrubs or trees. Branchlets terete or 4-angled, glabrous or pubescent. Stipules small, filiform, caducous. Leaves opposite, petiolate; leaf blade punctate, pinnately veined, with intramarginal veins. Inflorescences axillary and 1-3-flowered dichasia, racemes, or thyrses, sometimes terminal and paniculate. Flowers bisexual or sometimes staminate, 3-5-merous, often fragrant; bracteoles often small, sometimes caducous. Hypanthium globose, urceolate, or obconiform. Calyx lobes sometimes subequal, persistent. Petals pink or white, punctate. Stamens numerous, in several series; filaments filiform; anthers globular, dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connectives usually terminating in an apical gland. Ovary 3-13-loculed, placentation axile; ovules 1-2[-4] per locule, collateral. Style filiform; stigma capitate or peltate. Fruit a berry, globular, vertically ribbed, usually 1- or 2-seeded per locule. Seeds separated by a vertical false septum; seed coat and pericarp separate; testa bony; embryo horseshoe-shaped; radicle long; cotyledons short.[2] [more]

Doxomma

[more]

Draparnaudia

Drosodendron

[more]

Emurtia

[more]

Enekbatus

Enosanthes

[more]

Episyzygium

[more]

Epleienda

[more]

Eremaea

[more]

Eremopyxis

[more]

Ericomyrtus

[more]

Eucaliptus

[more]

Eucalyptopsis

Eucalyptopsis is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus () is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. Members of the genus dominate the tree flora of Australia. There are more than 700 species of Eucalyptus, mostly native to Australia, and a very small number are found in adjacent areas of New Guinea and Indonesia and one, Eucalyptus deglupta, ranges north to the Philippines. Only 15 species occur outside Australia, and only 9 do not occur in Australia. Species of Eucalyptus are cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics including the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East, China and the Indian Subcontinent. [more]

Eudesmia

[more]

Eugenia

Eugenia is a genus of flowering plants, belonging to the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It has a worldwide, although highly uneven, distribution in tropical and subtropical regions. The bulk of the approximately 1,000 species occur in the New World tropics, especially in the northern Andes, the Caribbean, and the Atlantic Forest (coastal forests) of eastern Brazil. Other centers of diversity include New Caledonia and Madagascar. Many species new to science have been and are in the process of being described from these regions. For example, 35 new species of Eugenia recently were described from MesoAmerica. Remarkably, only a single species, E. reinwardtiana, is known from Australia, which otherwise is one of the great centers of richness for the family overall. The genus also is represented in Africa south of the Sahara, but it is relatively species-poor on that continent. In the past some botanists included the closely related Old World genus Syzygium in Eugenia, but research by Schmid in the early 1970s convinced most botanists that the genera are easily separable. Research by van Wyk and colleagues in South Africa has suggested the genus may be comprised of two distinct lineages, recognizable by anatomical and other features. [more]

Eugeniopsis

[more]

Euryomyrtus

Feijoa

Acca sellowiana, a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, is native to the highlands of southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and northern Argentina. It is widely cultivated as a garden plant and fruiting tree in New Zealand, and can be found as a garden plant elsewhere such as in Australia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and South Africa. Common names include feijoa ( /fe?'?o?.?/, /fe?'d?o?.?/, or /fe?'ho?.?/) pineapple guava and guavasteen. It is an evergreen, perennial shrub or small tree, 1?7 metres (3.3?23 ft) in height, widely cultivated as a garden plant and fruiting tree. The German botanist Otto Karl Berg named feijoa after Jo?o da Silva Feij?, a Portuguese botanist born in the colony of Brazil.[citation needed] [more]

Felicianea

[more]

Fenzlia

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Fremya

Fropiera

[more]

Gaslondia

[more]

Genetyllis

Darwinia (syn. Genetyllis DC.) is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Myrtaceae, endemic to southeastern and southwestern Australia. The majority are native to southern Western Australia, but a few species occur in South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. The genus was named in honour of Erasmus Darwin, grandfather of Charles Darwin. They are commonly known as Mountain Bells or simply Bells. [more]

Glaphyria

[more]

Gomidesia

Gomidesia is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Gossia

[more]

Guaiava

[more]

Guajava

[more]

Guapurium

[more]

Harmogia

[more]

Hedaroma

[more]

Heteropyxis

Heteropyxis is a genus which includes three species of small evergreen trees. It was previously placed along in family Heteropyxidaceae, but is now placed basally within Myrtaceae. The species of Heteropyxis are native to southern Africa. [more]

Hexachlamys

[more]

Homalocalyx

Homalospermum

[more]

Homoranthus

Homoranthus is a genus of 22 species of shrub in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They are endemic to Australia. None of the species are common nor are they well-known to horticulture. [more]

Hottea

[more]

Hypocalymma

Hypocalymma is a genus of evergreen shrubs in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It currently contains 29 species, all of which occur in southern Western Australia. [more]

Jambolifera

[more]

Jambosa

[more]

Jambus

[more]

Jossinia

Kamptzia

[more]

Kania

[more]

Kardomia

Kjellbergiodendron

Krokia

Krokia is a family genus plant. [more]

Krugia

[more]

Kunzea

Kunzea is a genus of 36-40 species of shrub in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They are native to Australia, with one species extending to New Zealand. They are found throughout the Australian continent with most species occurring in southwestern Western Australia. In appearance they resemble the closely related Callistemon genus, but differ in the arrangement of the stamens. [more]

Lamarchea

[more]

Legrandia

Lenwebbia

Lenwebbia is a genus of 2 species (Snow et al. 2003) of shrubs or small trees in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. The genus is named to honour the Australian plant ecologist . The genus occurs in mesic forests along or near the east coast of Australia, from northern New South Wales to northeasternQueensland. [more]

Leptospermum

Leptospermum () is a genus of about 80-86 species of plants in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. Most species are endemic to Australia, with the greatest diversity in the south of the continent; but one species extends to New Zealand, another to Malaysia, and L. recurvum is endemic to Malaysia. [more]

Leucophyta

Leucophyta is a plant genus which is endemic to Australia. The genus was first formally described by botanist Robert Brown in 1817. [more]

Lhotskya

[more]

Lhotzkya

Lindsayomyrtus

[more]

Lithomyrtus

[more]

Lomastelma

[more]

Lophomyrtus

Lophomyrtus is a of the myrtle family native to New Zealand. It has two species, both evergreen shrubs or trees, noted for their colorful leaves, which are purple, chocolate, red or bronze-green. There are also a number of cultivars. Planting in full sun aids the leaf color to develop. In cool climates, the plant may need to be placed in a sheltered area. This genus is closely related to the Australian Lenwebbia which also has four petals and similar though less colorful leaves. [more]

Lophostemon

Lophostemon is a genus of 4 species of evergreen tree in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. All four species are native to Australia, with one extending to New Guinea. The genus is a relatively recent creation; all 4 species were previously included in the related genus Tristania. [more]

Luma

Luma may refer to : [more]

Lysicarpus

[more]

Mahoberberis

[more]

Malleostemon

[more]

Marlierea

Marlierea is a of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Marlieria

Marlieriopsis

[more]

Melaleuca

Melaleuca () is a genus of plants in the myrtle family Myrtaceae known for its natural soothing and cleansing properties. There are well over 200 recognised species, most of which are endemic to Australia. A few species occur in Malesia and 7 species are endemic to New Caledonia . [more]

Meteoromyrtus

Meteoromyrtus is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Metrosideros

Metrosideros () is a genus of approximately 50 trees, shrubs, and vines native to the islands of the Pacific Ocean, from the Philippines to New Zealand and including the Bonin Islands, Polynesia, and Melanesia, with an anomalous outlier in South Africa. Most of the tree forms are small, but some are exceptionally large, the New Zealand species in particular. The name derives from the Ancient Greek metra or "heartwood" and sideron or "iron". Perhaps the best-known species are the pohutukawa, (M. excelsa), northern rata (M. robusta), and southern rata (M. umbellata) of New Zealand, and ?ohi?a lehua, (M. polymorpha), from the Hawaiian Islands. [more]

Micromyrtus

Micromyrtus is a genus of shrubs, in the family Myrtaceae, which are endemic to Australia. [more]

Mitranthes

Mitranthes is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Mitrantia

[more]

Mitropsidium

[more]

Monimiastrum

[more]

Monoxora

[more]

Mooria

[more]

Mosiera

[more]

Mozartia

Mozartia is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Myrceugenella

[more]

Myrceugenia

Myrceugenia is a of evergreen woody flowering trees and shrubs belonging to the Myrtle family, Myrtaceae. The genus is native to South America from southeast Brazil south to southern Chile; it is closely related to the genus Luma; some botanists include Myrceugenia in that genus. [more]

Myrcia

Myrcia is a of the flowering plant family Myrtaceae. [more]

Myrcianthes

Myrcianthes is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Myrciaria

Myrciaria is a genus of large shrubs and small native to South America, especially Brazil. Common names include Jaboticaba, Jabuticaba, Guaperu, Guapuru, Hivapuru, Sabará, and Ybapuru. [more]

Myrciariopsis

[more]

Myrrhinium

[more]

Myrtastrum

Myrtekmania

[more]

Myrtella

[more]

Myrteola

[more]

Myrtoleucodendron

[more]

Myrtopsis

[more]

Myrtus

The Myrtle (Myrtus) is a genus of one or two species of in the family Myrtaceae, native to southern Europe and north Africa. They are evergreen shrubs or small trees, growing to 5 m tall. The leaves are entire, 3-5 cm long, with a fragrant essential oil. The star-like flowers have five petals and sepals, and numerous stamens. Petals are usually white. The fruits are globose blue-black berries containing several seeds. The flowers are pollinated by insects, and the seeds dispersed by birds that feed on the berries. [more]

Nani

Nania

[more]

Nelitris

[more]

Neofabricia

Neomitranthes

Neomitranthes is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Neomyrtus

[more]

Nothomyrcia

[more]

Ochrosperma

[more]

Octamyrtus

Orthostemon

[more]

Osbornia

[more]

Oxymyrrhine

[more]

Paramyrciaria

[more]

Pentagonaster

[more]

Pericalymma

[more]

Petraeomyrtus

[more]

Phymatocarpus

Pileanthus

[more]

Pilidiostigma

Piliocalyx

[more]

Pimenta

Pimenta is a of the botanical family Myrtaceae. Well-known species include allspice (P. dioicia) and the West Indian bay tree (P. racemosa). [more]

Pimentus

[more]

Pleurocalyptus

Plinia

Plinia is a of the botanical family Myrtaceae. [more]

Pseudanamomis

[more]

Pseudocaryophyllus

[more]

Pseudoeugenia

Pseudoeugenia is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Pseudomyrcianthes

[more]

Psidiastrum

[more]

Psidiopsis

[more]

Psidium

Guavas are plants in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) genus Psidium (meaning "pomegranate" in Latin), which contains about 100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees. They are native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Guavas are now cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, subtropical regions of North America, and Australia. [more]

Psiloxylon

Psiloxylon mauritianum is species of flowering plant, the sole species of family Psiloxylaceae. It is endemic to the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius and R?union) in the Indian Ocean. [more]

Purpureostemon

Pyrenocarpa

[more]

Regelia

Regelia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae. This genus is composed of six species of small leaved, evergreen shrubs and trees that are endemic to Australia. Five of the six species are endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. The sixth species that has been assigned to this genus (R. punicea) is endemic to Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory and is now considered to belong to a new separate genus, Petraeomyrtus. Regelia species range from 1 to 6 meters in height. They are noted for bearing essential oils. Typically showy blooms are aggregate inflorescences which take the form of heads or spikes depending upon the species. Fruits are a woody, 3-valved capsule which often split upon maturity. [more]

Reichea

Myrcianthes is a genus of flowering plants in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. [more]

Reicheia

Rhodamnia

Shrubs or small trees. Leaves opposite, petiolate; leaf blade tri- or tripliveined, abaxially usually white glaucous or tomentose. Flowers small, clustered in leaf axils or arranged in cymes or racemes. Bracteoles small, caducous. Hypanthium subglobose, adnate to ovary. Calyx lobes 4, persistent. Petals 4, larger than calyx lobes. Stamens numerous, arranged in many whorls, curved in bud; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary inferior, 1-loculed, with 2 parietal placentation; ovules many. Style linear; stigma peltate. Berry globose, apex with persistent calyx lobes. Seeds globose or depressed globose; seed coat hard; embryo horseshoe-shaped; hypocotyl long; cotyledon short.[3] [more]

Rhodomyrtus

Shrubs or trees. Leaves opposite, tripliveined, petiolate. Inflorescences axillary, 1[-3]-flowered. Hypanthium ovoid to subglobose. Calyx lobes 4 to 5, leathery, persistent. Petals 4 or 5, larger than calyx lobes. Stamens many, separate, in many whorls, usually shorter than petals; anthers dorsifixed to nearly basifixed, versatile, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary inferior, adnate to hypanthium, 3(or 4) -loculed; ovules arranged in 2 lines in each locule. Style linear; stigma capitate or peltate. Berry ovoid, urceolate, or globose. Seeds many, flat, reniform, separated by longitudinal septa and a false transverse septum; seed coat hard; embryo curved or spiral; hypocotyl long; cotyledons small.[4] [more]

Rinzia

Rinzia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae. The genus was first formally described in 1843 and reinstated and revised in 1986. The species, all of which are endemic to Western Australia, include: [more]

Ristantia

Ristantia is a genus of plants in the family Myrtaceae. [more]

Rubachia

Rylstonea

[more]

Saffordiella

[more]

Sannantha

Scaryomyrtus

[more]

Scholtzia

Schuermannia

[more]

Seorsus

Sinoga

[more]

Siphoneugena

[more]

Siphoneugenia

Siphoneugenia is a genus of in family Myrtaceae. [more]

Spallanzania

[more]

Sphaerantia

Stenostegia

[more]

Stereocaryum

Stockwellia

[more]

Suringaria

[more]

Syncarpia

Syncarpia is a small genus of trees in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae). They are native to Queensland and New South Wales in Australia. They are unusual among the Myrtaceae in that the leaves are opposite rather than alternate as is the norm for the family. [more]

Syzygioides

Syzygium

Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants, belonging to the myrtle family Myrtaceae. The genus comprises about 500 species, and occurs in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. It is closely related to the mainly New World genus Eugenia; some botanists include Syzygium in Eugenia. [more]

Taxandria

Temu

Temu can refer to a number of things: [more]

Temus

[more]

Tepualia

[more]

Tetraeugenia

[more]

Tetrapora

Tetrastemon

[more]

Thaleropia

Thaleropia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae. [more]

Thryptomene

Thryptomene is a genus of small shrubs in the family Myrtaceae which are native to Australia. [more]

Triphelia

[more]

Triplarina

Triplarina is a genus of 7 species of shrubs in the family Myrtaceae. They occur in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. [more]

Tristanea

Tristania

Tristania is a genus in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, native to New South Wales, Australia, closely related to Callistemon. The genus had a number of species, but some have been reclassified as Lophostemon and Tristaniopsis. [more]

Tristaniopsis

Tristaniopsis is a genus of 40 species of and tree in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They have a wide distribution, ranging from Burma, Thailand, Malesia, New Caledonia and Australia. [more]

Ugni

Ugni is a genus of about 10 species of plants in the myrtle family , native to western South America and Central America from the Valdivian temperate rain forests of southern Chile north to southern Mexico, and also the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile. They are shrubs with evergreen foliage, reaching 1-5 m tall. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1-4 cm long and 0.2-2.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1-2 cm diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and numerous short stamens; the fruit is a small red or purple berry 1 cm diameter. [more]

Uromyrtus

Verticordia

Verticordia, a genus of the Myrtaceae family, are woody shrubs with small and exquisite flowers. They are mostly found in Southwest Australia, with several outlier species in northern regions. A revision of the genus in 1991 produced a classification within Verticordia of 3 subgenera, 24 sections, and 102 species. Verticordia species are highly diverse in form, occupy a wide variety of habitat, and may be abundant or rare populations. Their profuse and striking display of intricate flowers have been harvested for floristry and admired as a wildflower. [more]

Waterhousea

Waterhousea is a genus of 4 species of small tree in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. They are endemic to Australia, along the eastern coast in New South Wales and Queensland. The genus is a relatively new creation, being split off from Syzygium [more]

Wehlia

Welchiodendron

[more]

Whiteodendron

[more]

Xanthomyrtus

Xanthomyrtus is a of about 24 species in the botanical family Myrtaceae. It is found in Borneo, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago and New Caledonia. They are mostly montane shrubs or trees, sometimes epiphytic. Flowers are yellow, usually 5-merous, in 3-flowered, axillary and terminal peduncles. The fruit is a reddish, dark blue or black berry. [more]

Xanthostemon

Xanthostemon is a genus of in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It contains 45 species and has a wide distribution including the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Indonesia and New Caledonia. [more]

Zyzygium

More info about the Genus Zyzygium may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. Jie Chen & Lyn A. Craven "Myrtaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 321. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  2. Jie Chen & Lyn A. Craven "Decaspermum". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 321, 332. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  3. "Rhodamnia". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 321, 330. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  4. "Rhodomyrtus". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 321, 330. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 20:01:09