Myristicaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. The family has been recognised by most taxonomists; it is sometimes called the "nutmeg family", after its most famous member, Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans).
The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), also recognizes this family, and assigns it to the order Magnoliales in the clade magnoliids.
The family consists of about twenty genera, with several hundred species, of trees and shrubs, found in tropical areas across the world. The best known genera are Myristica and Virola.
- Myristicaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. Version: 3 May 2006. http://delta-intkey.com.
- NCBI Taxonomy Browser
The Family Myristicaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (1): Rhododendroideae
- Tribe (1): Rhododendreae
- Genus (30): Aruana · Bicuiba · Brocchoneura · Brochoneura · Cephalosphaera · Coelocaryon · Compsoneura · Dialyanthera · Doyleanthus · Endocomia · Gymnacranthera · Haematodendron · Horsfieldia · Iryanthera · Jryaghedi · Knema · Mauloutchia · Myristica · Ochocoa · Osteophloem · Osteophloeum · Otoba · Palala · Paramyristica · Pycnanthus · Pyrrhosa · Scyphocephalium · Staudtia · Thespesocarpus · Virola
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,370 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Myristicaceae.
Arowanas are freshwater bony fish of the family Osteoglossidae, also known as bonytongues. In this family of fish, the head is bony and the elongate body is covered by large, heavy scales, with a mosaic pattern of canals. The dorsal and the anal fins have soft rays and are long based, while the pectoral and ventral fins are small. The name "bonytongues" is derived from a toothed bone on the floor of the mouth, the "tongue", equipped with teeth that bite against teeth on the roof of the mouth. The fish can obtain oxygen from air by sucking it into the swim bladder, which is lined with capillaries like lung tissue. The arowana is an "obligatory air breather". [more]
Bicuiba is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Cephalosphaera is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Gymnacranthera is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Horsfieldia is a name of plant genus native to South East Asia. [more]
Iryanthera is a genus in the family Myristicaceae. [more]
Knema is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
The nutmeg tree is any of several species of trees in genus Myristica. The most important commercial species is Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree indigenous to the Banda Islands in the Moluccas (or Spice Islands) of Indonesia. The nutmeg tree is important for two spices derived from the fruit: nutmeg and mace. [more]
Otoba is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Staudtia is a genus of in family Myristicaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Virola, also known as Epen?, Patric?, or Cumala, is a genus of medium-sized trees native to the South American rainforest and closely related to other Myristicaceae, such as nutmeg. It has glossy, dark green leaves with clusters of tiny yellow flowers and emits a pungent odor. [more]
At least 94 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Virola.
More info about the Genus Virola may be found here.
- The text on this page is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It includes material from Wikipedia retrieved Wednesday, April 25, 2012.
- The distribution map on the Distribution tab comes from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and is used with permission.
- Photographs on this page are copyrighted by individual photographers, and individual copyrights apply.
- The technology underlying this page, including the controls behind Keep Exploring, is owned by the BayScience Foundation. All rights are reserved.