Trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous, monoecious or dioecious, aromatic, often with resinous, peltate glands. Leaves alternate, simple, pinnately veined, entire to irregularly serrate or lobed, rarely pinnatifid; stipules absent or rarely present. Flowers in spikes, usually unisexual, anemophilous, without perianth. Male flowers solitary in axil of each bract, with 2-4 bracteoles or not. Stamens 2-20, often 4-8 on receptacle at base of bract; filaments short, free or slightly united at base; anthers erect, dithecal, extrorse, dehiscing longitudinally. Female flowers solitary or 2-4 in axil of bract, usually with 2-4 bracteoles. Gynoecium of 2 carpels united into a compound and 1-loculed ovary; styles distinct or united only at base; ovule solitary, basal, erect, orthotropous. Fruit drupaceous, or nearly a nutlet, often with headlike, wax-covered papillae; endocarp hard. Seeds nearly without endosperm; embryo straight; cotyledons fleshy, plano-convex.
The Family Myricaceae is a member of the Order Fagales. Here is the complete "parentage" of Myricaceae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Family Myricaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (2): Canacomyricoideae · Myricoideae
- Genus (9): Angeia · Canacomyrica · Cerothamnus · Comptonia · Faya · Fayana · Gale · Morella · Myrica
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 301 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Myricaceae.
Canacomyrica is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Myricaceae, native to New Caledonia. The sole species is Canacomyrica monticola, an endangered tree or small shrub, endemic to ultramafic serpentine soils. [more]
Comptonia is a monotypic genus (containing only Comptonia peregrina) in the family Myricaceae, order Fagales. It is native to eastern North America, from southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia, and west to Minnesota. The common name is Sweetfern or Sweet-fern, a confusing name as it is not a fern. [more]
Myrica () is a genus of about 35?50 species of small trees and shrubs in the family Myricaceae, order Fagales. The genus has a wide distribution, including Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America, and missing only from Australasia. Some botanists split the genus into two genera on the basis of the catkin and fruit structure, restricting Myrica to a few species, and treating the others in Morella. [more]
At least 197 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Myrica.
More info about the Genus Myrica may be found here.
- Kuang Ko-zen & Lu An-ming. 1979. Myricaceae. In: Kuang Ko-zen & Li Pei-chun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 21: 1-6.
- Anmin Lu & Allan J. Bornstein "Myricaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 4 Page 275. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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