Monsteroideae is a subfamily of flowering plants in the Araceae family. It contains 10 different genera: Alloschemone, Amydrium, Anadendrum, Epipremnum, Heteropsis, Holochlamys, Monstera, Rhaphidophora, Rhodospatha, Scindapsus, Spathiphyllum, and Stenospermation. The subfamily is notable for having many trichosclereids in the vegetative and floral parts of the plants, but rarely in the roots.
- Bown, Deni (2000). Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family [ILLUSTRATED]. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7
The Subfamily Monsteroideae is a member of the Family Araceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Monsteroideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Monsteroideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (4): Anadendreae · Heteropsideae · Monstereae · Spathiphylleae
- Genus (12): Alloschemone · Amydrium · Anadendrum · Epipremnum · Heteropsis · Holochlamys · Monstera · Rhaphidophora · Rhodospatha · Scindapsus · Spathiphyllum · Stenospermation
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 533 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Monsteroideae.
Alloschemone is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family that is endemic to the Amazon region of Brazil. There are only two species in the genus and both are extremely rare. These two species are and Alloschemone inopinata. At one point in history the genus Alloschemone was dissolved and added to Scindapsus, but it has since been reinstated after further observations of the plants. [more]
Amydrium is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family that is endemic to Southeast Asia. It is distinguished from other members of the tribe having two ovules in each ovary. The seeds tend to be heart shaped. The leaves of Amydrium often show fenestration. [more]
Anadendrum is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family. [more]
Heteropsis is a of flowering plant, in the family Araceae. It includes these species:- [more]
Monstera is a of 22 species of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas. The genus is named from the Latin word for "monstrous" or "abnormal", the members of the genus are distinguished by their unusual leaves with natural holes. [more]
Rhaphidophora is a genus in the family Araceae, occurring from tropical Africa eastwards through Malesia and Australasia to the Western Pacific. The genus consists of approximately 100 species. [more]
Rhodospatha is a genus of in family Araceae. [more]
Spathiphyllum is a genus of about 40 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas and southeastern Asia. Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as Spath or Peace Lilies. [more]
Stenospermation is a genus of in family Araceae. [more]
At least 65 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Stenospermation.
More info about the Genus Stenospermation may be found here.
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