The Tribe Mentheae is a member of the Subfamily Nepetoideae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Mentheae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Tribe Mentheae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subtribe (4): Menthinae · Nepetinae · Phragmipediinae · Salviinae
- Genus (48): Acinos · Agastache · Aristotelia · Bystropogon · Calamintha · Cathaya · Cedronella · Clinopodium · Coleostephus · Cunila · Dracocephalum · Foetidia · Glechoma · Hedeoma · Heuchera · Horminum · Hymenocrater · Hyssopus · Juniperus · Lallemantia · Lepechinia · Lycopus · Melissa · Mentha · Menyanthes · Menziesia · Meriandra · Micromeria · Minthostachys · Monarda · Nepeta · Niphimenes · Ntha · Origanum · Ornithostaphylos · Oroya · Orthaea · Oscularia · Perovskia · Prunella · Pseudorchis · Puya · Rosmarinus · Salvia · Satureja · Thymus · Xanthophthalmum · Ziziphora
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 6,891 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Tribe Mentheae.
Acinos is a genus of ten species of annual and short-lived evergreen perennial woody plants native to southern Europe and western Asia. Its name comes from the Greek word akinos, the name of a small aromatic plant. They are small, tufted, bushy or spreading plants growing to 10-45 cm tall. The 2-lipped, tubular flowers are in whorls borne on erect spike-like inflorescence produced in mid-summer. [more]
Agastache, is a genus of 9?12 species of perennial herbs in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern Asia (one species) and North America (the rest). [more]
Aristotelia is a genus of moth in the family . [more]
Calamintha is a genus of plants that belongs to the family Lamiaceae. There are about thirty species in the genus which is native to the northern temperate regions of Europe and Asia. [more]
Cathaya is a genus in family Pinaceae and has one known living species, Cathaya argyrophylla. Cathaya is a member of the subfamily Laricoideae, most closely related to Pseudotsuga and Larix. A second species, C. nanchuanensis, is now treated as a synonym, as it does not differ from C. argyrophylla in any characters. [more]
Cedronella is a of flowering plants in the Mentheae tribe of family Lamiaceae, comprising a single species, Cedronella canariensis, endemic to the Canary Islands. [more]
Clinopodium is a genus of about 13 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae [more]
Dracocephalum is a genus of about 45 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are annual or perennial herbaceous plants or subshrubs, growing to 15-90 cm tall. [more]
Foetidia is a genus of between 5-18 species of in the family Lecythidaceae, the sole genus in the subfamily Foetidioideae (sometimes treated in its own family Foetidiaceae). The genus is native to a limited area in eastern Madagascar. [more]
Glechoma is a genus of 12 species of flowering plants in the mint family, and is native to much of Europe and Asia. The stems root at the nodes, often forming extensive mats ot coarsely toothed, rounded or broadly oval, soft hairy leaves. The ascending shoots bear pairs of small, tubular, 2-lipped flowers in the leaf axils in summer. The genus is closely related to the genera Nepeta, Stachys and Prunella. [more]
Hedeoma, or the false pennyroyal, is a of plants native to North and South America, consisting of about 38 species. [more]
The genus Heuchera () includes at least 50 species of herbaceous perennial plants in the family Saxifragaceae, all native to North America. Common names include alumroot and coral bells. They have palmately lobed leaves on long petioles, and a thick, woody rootstock. The genus was named after Johann Heinrich von Heucher (1677?1746), an 18th century German physician. [more]
Horminum is a of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, comprising a single species, Horminum pyrenaicum, native to rocky slopes and grasslands in the Pyrenees and Alps in western Europe. Common names include Dragonmouth and Pyrenean Dead-nettle. [more]
Hyssop (Hyssopus) is a genus of about 10-12 species of herbaceous or semi-woody plants in the family Lamiaceae, native from the east Mediterranean to central Asia. They are aromatic, with erect branched stems up to 60 cm long covered with fine hairs at the tips. The leaves are narrow oblong, 2?5 cm long. The small blue flowers are borne on the upper part of the branches during summer. By far the best-known species is the Herb Hyssop (H. officinalis), widely cultivated outside its native area in the Mediterranean. [more]
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus () of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper, widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa in the Old World, and to the mountains of Central America. [more]
Lallemantia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. [more]
Lepechinia is a genus of plants in the . It includes several species of plants known commonly as pitchersages (also pitcher sages). Plants of this genus can be found in South America, Mexico, California, and Hawaii. Many of them bear attractive pitcher-shaped flowers, often in shades of purple. The genus was named for the Russian botanist Ivan Ivanovich Lepechin. [more]
Lycopus (Gypsywort or Bugleweed) is a genus of about a dozen species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, northwest Asia, and North America. The species are most often found in wetlands, damp meadows, and stream banks. Some of the wetland species have become endangered . [more]
Melissa is a given name for a female child. The name comes from the Greek word ????ssa (melissa), "honey bee", which in turn comes from ???? (meli), "honey". In Ireland it is sometimes used as a feminine form of the Gaelic male name Maoil?osa, which means "servant of Jesus." Melissa also refers to the plant known as lemon balm (family Lamiaceae; genus and species Melissa officinalis). [more]
Mentha (also known as Mint, from Greek m?ntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family). The species are not clearly distinct and estimates of the number of species varies from 13 to 18. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally. Many other hybrids as well as numerous cultivars are known in cultivation. The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North America. [more]
Menyanthes is a monotypic genus of flowering plant in the family Menyanthaceae. The name Menyanthes comes from the Greek words menyein, meaning "disclosing", and anthos, meaning "flower", in reference to the sequential opening of flowers on the inflorescence. [more]
Menziesia is a genus of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae. [more]
Micromeria is a genus of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Monarda is a genus consisting of roughly 16 species of erect, herbaceous, annual or perennial plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus is endemic to North America. Ranging in height from 1 to 3 feet (0.2 to 0.9 m), the plants have an equal spread, with slender and long-tapering (lanceolate) leaves. The leaves are opposite on the stem, smooth to sparsely hairy, with lightly serrated margins, and ranging from 3 to 6 inches (7 to 14 cm) in length. In all species, the leaves, when crushed, exude a spicy, highly fragrant oil. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma (Oswego Tea) was found to contain the highest concentration of this oil. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, and bergamot, the last one due to the leaves' fragrance resembling that of Citrus bergamia fruits. The genus was named for Nicol?s Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants found in the New World. [more]
Nepeta is a genus of about 250 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The members of this group are known as catnip or catmint because of their effect on cats?the nepetalactone contained in nepeta binds to the olfactory receptors of cats, typically resulting in temporary euphoria . Catmints are also used in herbal medicine for their mild sedative effect on humans.[unreliable source?] Chemical compounds isolated from Nepeta cataria inhibit calcineurin in vitro.[relevant? ? discuss] Nepeta cataria also has insect repellent properties. [more]
Origanum is a genus of about 20 species of aromatic herbs in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to eastern Asia. The genus includes some important culinary herbs, including Marjoram and Oregano. [more]
Ornithostaphylos is a monotypic plant genus which contains the single species Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia, the Baja birdbush or Baja California birdbush. This is a shrub native to the plant community of the coastline of southern California and northern Baja California. This bush has long, narrow, leathery evergreen leaves with edges rolled under. The bark on the branches is thin and the younger branches and twigs are reddish in color. The bush bears rounded, lantern-shaped white flowers on drooping pedicels. [more]
Oroya is a of cacti (family Cactaceae), originating from Peru. [more]
Perovskia is a genus in the Lamiaceae or mint family, closely related to the genus Salvia (sages), and native to southwestern and central Asia. The genus comprises seven species, including the garden plant commonly known as Russian Sage. [more]
Herbs, perennial, rather succulent. Roots fasciculate, fleshy, both slender and digitately divided tuberoids. Stems leafy, leaves gradually reduced apically, generally to bracts proximal to inflorescence. Leaves few to several, ascending-spreading, conduplicate, bases sheathing. Inflorescences terminal, solitary, rather dense spikes; floral bracts foliaceous, prominently exserted to reduced and inconspicuous. Flowers several to many, resupinate; lip deeply 3-lobed, lobes entire, nearly equal, base spurred; anther cells parallel; pollinia 2, pollinaria 2, separated by thick, fleshy, laminar projection of midlobe of rostellum, free viscidia sheltered within pockets formed by auriculate lateral rostellum lobes; stigma concave. Fruits capsules. [more]
Puya can refer to: [more]
Rosmarinus is a small genus of woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region. [more]
Salvia is the largest genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with approximately 700-900 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. It is one of several genera commonly referred to as sage. When used without modifiers, sage generally refers to Salvia officinalis ("common sage"); however, it is used with modifiers to refer to any member of the genus. The ornamental species are commonly referred to by their genus name Salvia. [more]
Satureja is a of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. There are about 30 species called savories, of which Summer Savory and Winter Savory are the most important in cultivation. [more]
Subshrubs with slender branches arising from usually short, sometimes stout, woody stems. Leaves entire or 1-3-serrulate. Verticillasters in dense capitula or spikes. Flowers pedicellate. Calyx tubular-campanulate to narrowly campanulate, 10-13-veined, 2-lipped, throat white hairy annulate; upper lip spreading or straight, 3-toothed, teeth triangular to lanceolate; lower lip 2-toothed, teeth subulate. Corolla tube included or exserted, 2-lipped; upper lip straight, emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, lobes subequal or middle lobe longer. Stamens 4, separate; anterior 2 longer, exserted or included; anther cells 2, parallel or divaricate. Style apex 2-cleft; lobes subulate, equal or subequal. Nutlets ovoid or oblong, smooth. [more]
Plants annual or perennial, herbaceous or subshrubby. Leaves short petiolate or subsessile; leaf blade abaxially glandular. Verticillasters scattered in leaf axils or crowded in a terminal capitulum; floral leaves as large as stem leaves or reduced. Calyx narrowly cylindric, straight to slightly curved, 13-veined, villous annulate at throat, obscurely 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed; teeth subequal, close together, rarely divergent following anthesis. Corolla limb 2-lipped; upper lip straight, margin entire, apex emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, middle lobe narrower than suborbicular lateral lobes, apex emarginate. Anterior stamens fertile, reaching upper corolla lip, posterior stamens rudimentary, short, or absent; anther cells linear, 2 or only 1 developed, the other reduced to an appendage or absent. Style apex unequally 2-cleft, posterior lobe short. Nutlets ovoid, smooth. [more]
At least 62 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Ziziphora.
More info about the Genus Ziziphora may be found here.
- Charles J. Sheviak "Pseudorchis". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 497, 549. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Thymus". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 233. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- "Ziziphora". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 224. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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