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Division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem). The ovules, which develop into seeds, are enclosed within an ovary, hence the term angiosperm, meaning enclosed seed. The flowering plants are the source of all agricultural crops, cereal grains and grasses, garden and roadside weeds, familiar broad-leaved shrubs and trees, and most ornamentals.


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The Phylum Magnoliophyta is a member of the Kingdom Plantae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Magnoliophyta:

The Phylum Magnoliophyta is further organized into finer groupings including:


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Adiantaceae (as construed here, sensu strictu, not a synonym of Pteridaceae) is a family of ferns in the order Pteridales. This includes the family formerly known as the "Vittariaceae." Recent genetic analyses based on chloroplast genes demonstrate that the vittarioid ferns cladistically nest within the genus Adiantum, making that genus paraphyletic. [more]




Asphodeloideae is a subfamily of the monocot family Xanthorrhoeaceae in the order Asparagales. It has previously been treated as a separate family, Asphodelaceae. The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Asphodelus. Members of group are native to Africa, central and western Europe, the Mediterranean basin, Central Asia and Australia, with one genus (Bulbinella) having some of its species in New Zealand. The greatest diversity occurs in South Africa. [more]


According to APG II, the Asclepiadaceae is a former plant family now treated as a subfamily (subfamily Asclepiadoideae) in the Apocynaceae (Bruyns 2000). Botanist Pete Raids has been credited with the majority of work in this field. [more]


Athyriaceae is a family of terrestrial ferns, with a cosmopolitan distribution. It has, in the past, included Cystopteris and Gymnocarpium, but those two genera are now recognized as representing a two-member clade that is a basal offshoot of the clade that includes this family, plus Woodsia, the Onocleaceae, Blechnaceae, Aspleniaceae, and Thelypteridaceae. Inversely, this family has by some been subsumed in the family Woodsiaceae, but a Woodsiaceae defined in this way may be paraphyletic if it omits the Onocleaceae and Blechnaceae (as of 2006, the evidence was not clear). [more]


Cobaeaceae is a subfamily of the Polemoniaceae family of flowering plants. It is native to sub-tropical and tropical parts of the Americas. [more]


Hippocrateaceae Juss. previously consisted of about 150 tropical and subtropical species of shrubs and lianes, and is now included in the Celastraceae family. Formerly it comprised the following genera: [more]








Monotropaceae was a small family of flowering plants under the old Cronquist system of plant classification. It included 10 genera Allotropa, Cheilotheca, Hemitomes, Monotropa, Monotropastrum, , Pityopus, Pleuricospora, Pterospora, Sarcodes. [more]




Faboideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. One acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae. [more]


Phyllocladus is a small genus of conifers, now usually treated in the family Podocarpaceae. They are morphologically very distinct from the other genera in that family, and some botanists treat them in a family of their own, the Phyllocladaceae. One molecular phylogenetic analysis found Phyllocladus to be sister to Podocarpus sensu stricto. Another was equivocal on its position relative to Podocarpaceae s.s.. [more]


Pyrolaceae was a small family of flowering plants under the old Cronquist system of plant classification. It included the four genera Chimaphila, Moneses, Orthilia, and Pyrola, and sometimes also the eight genera formerly usually placed in the family Monotropaceae. [more]

At least 11 species and subspecies belong to the Family Pyrolaceae.

More info about the Family Pyrolaceae may be found here.


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Last Revised: August 25, 2014
2014/08/25 12:36:36