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Lecythidaceae

(Family)

Overview

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Trees or shrubs, evergreen. Leaves alternate, usually crowded toward apices of branchlets, shortly petiolate; stipules usually absent; leaf blade simple. Flowers showy, borne in short, bracteate racemes or spikes, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, bisexual. Calyx with a campanulate tube adnate to ovary; lobes 4-6, thick. Petals 4-6, free, rarely absent. Stamens many, united at base into several whorls, often several sterile, either monadelphous and equally arranged around disk, or diadelphous in 2 unequal bundles, outermost staminodial; anthers basifixed, 2-celled, opening by longitudinal slits. Disk sometimes lobed. Ovary inferior or semi-inferior, 2-6-loculed; ovules 1 to many per locule; placentation axile; style terminal, simple; stigma capitate. Fruit an indehiscent berry or operculate capsule, often crowned by persistent calyx lobes. Seed[s] 1 [to many]; endosperm absent.

About 20 genera and 450 species: tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, some Pacific islands, and South America; one genus and three species (one endemic) in China.[1]

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Lecythidaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Abdulmajidia

Abdulmajidia is a genus in the Lecythidaceae family, consists of two species from Malay Peninsula, listed as endangered species. Abdulmajidia is also placed in some authors (Takhtajan system). [more]

Allantoma

[more]

Amphoricarpus

[more]

Barringtonia

Barringtonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae. A common name is cornbeefwood. Bengali name is "Hijalna". [more]

Bertholletia

The Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) is a South American tree in the family Lecythidaceae, and also the name of the tree's commercially harvested edible seed. [more]

Brazzeia

Brazzeia is a of plant in family Lecythidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Butonica

[more]

Butonicoides

[more]

Careya

[more]

Cariniana

Cariniana (Jequitiba) is a genus of trees in the family Lecythidaceae, native to South America. Many are of importance for timber production. [more]

Chydenanthus

[more]

Chytroma

[more]

Combretodendron

[more]

Commersona

[more]

Corythophora

Corythophora is a genus of in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Couratari

Couratari is a genus of in the family Lecythidaceae, native to tropical South America. They are large trees,often rising above the rainforest canopy. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, elliptical, up to 15 cm long, with a serrate to serrulate margin. Vernation lines parallel to the midvein are often visible - a very unusual characteristic. The fruit is 6-15 cm long, and roughly conical. A central plug drops out at maturity, releasing the winged seeds to be dispersed by wind. The fruit of Cariniana may be distinguished from those of Couratari, as the former have longitudinal ridges, whereas the latter bears a single calyx-derived ring near the fruit apex. [more]

Couroupita

Couroupita is a genus of of Lecythidaceae family. It consists of four species native to tropical South America. [more]

Crateranthus

Crateranthus is a genus of in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Cumbia

Cumbia is a Colombian and Panamanian music genre popular throughout Latin America. [more]

Eschweilera

Eschweilera is a genus of in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Eschweileria

Osmoxylon is a of flowering plant of family Araliaceae, comprising 60 species. [more]

Eschweillera

[more]

Foetidia

Foetidia is a genus of between 5-18 species of in the family Lecythidaceae, the sole genus in the subfamily Foetidioideae (sometimes treated in its own family Foetidiaceae). The genus is native to a limited area in eastern Madagascar. [more]

Goeldinia

[more]

Grias

Grias is a genus of in the family Lecythidaceae, native to tropical South America and the Caribbean. They are small to medium-sized trees, growing to 5-15 m tall. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, broad lanceolate, very large, up to 1 m long, with an entire or waved margin. The flowers are creamy white to yellow, with four petals; they are cauliflorous, produced in clusters on the trunk and stouter branches. The fruit is 6-15 cm long, with a fleshy coat; it is edible in several species. [more]

Gustavia

Gustavia may refer to [more]

Holopyxidium

[more]

Huttum

[more]

Japarandiba

[more]

Jugastrum

[more]

Lecythis

Lecythis is a genus of in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Lecythopsis

[more]

Michelia

Michelia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Magnolia family (Magnoliaceae). The genus includes about 50 species of evergreen trees and shrubs, native to tropical and subtropical south and southeast Asia (Indomalaya), including southern China. [more]

Napoleana

[more]

Napoleona

[more]

Napoleonaea

Napoleonaea is a genus of in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Oubanguia

[more]

Pachylecythis

[more]

Petersia

[more]

Petersianthus

[more]

Pierrina

[more]

Pirigara

[more]

Planchonia

[more]

Rhaptopetalum

Rhaptopetalum is a genus of in family Lecythidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Sapucaya

[more]

Scytopetalum

[more]

Stravadium

[more]

At least 3 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Stravadium.

More info about the Genus Stravadium may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. Haining Qin & Sir Ghillean (Iain) T. Prance "Lecythidaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 293. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 19:48:08