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Lauraceae

(Family)

Overview

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Shrubs to tall trees, evergreen or rarely deciduous ( Cassytha a parasitic vine with leaves reduced to scales), usually aromatic. Leaves alternate, rarely whorled or opposite, simple, without stipules, petiolate. Leaf blade: unlobed (unlobed or lobed in Sassafras ), margins entire, occasionally with domatia (crevices or hollows serving as lodging for mites) in axils of main lateral veins (in Cinnamomum ) . Inflorescences in axils of leaves or deciduous bracts, panicles (rarely heads), racemes, compound cymes, or pseudoumbels (spikes in Cassytha ), sometimes enclosed by decussate bracts. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, bisexual only, or staminate and pistillate on different plants, or staminate and bisexual on some plants, pistillate and bisexual on others; flowers usually yellow to greenish or white, rarely reddish; hypanthium well developed, resembling calyx tube, tepals and stamens perigynous; tepals 6(-9), in 2(-3) whorls of 3, sepaloid, equal or rarely unequal, if unequal then usually outer 3 smaller than inner 3 (occasionally absent in Litsea ) ; stamens (3-) 9(-12), in whorls of 3, but 1 or more whorls frequently staminodial or absent; stamens of 3d whorl with 2 glands near base; anthers 2- or 4-locular, locules opening by valves; pistil 1, 1-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; placentation basal; ovule 1; stigma subsessile, discoid or capitate. Fruits drupes, drupe borne on pedicel with or without persistent tepals at base, or seated in ± deeply cup-shaped receptacle (cupule), or enclosed in accrescent floral tube. Seed 1; endosperm absent.

Genera ca. 50, species 2000-3000 (9 genera, 13 species in the flora) : pantropical, a few species also in subtropical and temperate regions

Cassytha is sometimes placed in its own family, Cassythaceae; it is here retained in Lauraceae.[1]

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Lauraceae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Acrodiclidium

Licaria is a flowering plant genus in the family Lauraceae, endemic of Central America and South America. It is a Neotropical genus with near of 40 species. [more]

Actinodaphne

Actinodaphne is an Asian genus of the family Lauraceae, Laurel bay related, that comprises a group of flowering plants within the order Laurales. [more]

Actinomorphe

Schefflera () is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae. The plants are trees, shrubs or lianas, growing 1?30 metres (3 ft 3 in?98 ft 5 in) tall, with woody stems and palmately compound leaves. The circumscription of the genus has varied greatly. Phylogenetic studies have shown that the widely-used broad circumscription as a pantropical genus of over 700 species is polyphyletic, but it remains to be seen how this will affect the classification of the genus. [more]

Adenodaphne

Adenodaphne is a genus of flowering plants, evergreen trees or shrubs belonging to the family Lauraceae, of five species from New Caledonia. They are large trees characteristics of Rainforest in montane laurel forest habitats in New Caledonia and restricted to this region. They belong to an ancient Gondwanian element of Laurales. They are having 12 chromosomes. A The genus was described by Spencer Le Marchant Moorepublished in Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 45: 385in 1921. [more]

Afrodaphne

[more]

Agathophyllum

[more]

Aiouea

Aiouea is a botanical genus of plants in the family of the Lauraceae endemic of Central America and South America. Genus Aiouea is distributed from southern Mexico to southern Brazil and Paraguay. Aiouea is closely related with Mocinnodaphne, Cinnamomum, Nectandra, Ocotea, Oreodaphne, and Umbellularia. [more]

Ajovea

[more]

Alseodaphne

Alseodaphne is a genus of plant in family Lauraceae. [more]

Ampelodaphne

[more]

Anaueria

Anaueria is a genus of plant belonging to the family Lauraceae. This genus have one or two species Kosterman., It is native of South America. The genus was described by Andr? Joseph Guillaume Henri Kostermans and published in Chronica Botanica 4, 14, in 1938. They are important components of the Amazonian forest in Peru and Brazil or Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil. [more]

Aniba

Aniba is an american neotropical flowering plant genus in the family Lauraceae. They are present in low and mountain cloud forest in Caribbean islands, Central America, and norther to central South America. [more]

Aperiphracta

[more]

Aperula

[more]

Apollonias

Apollonias is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes from one to ten species of evergreen trees and shrubs from laurel forest habitat mainly in Macaronesian islands. [more]

Aspidostemon

Aspidostemon is a botanical genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Lauraceae. It is present from Madagascar. [more]

Aydendron

Aniba is an american neotropical flowering plant genus in the family Lauraceae. They are present in low and mountain cloud forest in Caribbean islands, Central America, and norther to central South America. [more]

Balanopsis

[more]

Beilschmiedia

Beilschmiedia is a genus of and shrubs in family Lauraceae. Most of species grow in tropical climates but few of them are native to temperate regions, they are widespread in tropical Asia, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Central America, the Caribbean and South America as south as Chile. The best known species in Europe and the United States are the Chilean B. berterona and B. miersii because of their frost tolerance. Seeds of B. bancroftii were used as a source of food by Australian Aborigines. Timbers of some species are very valuable. [more]

Bellota

Bellota is a genus of the Salticidae family (jumping spiders). [more]

Benzoin

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Bihania

[more]

Boldu

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Borbonia

[more]

Brassiodendron

[more]

Bryantea

[more]

Calodium

[more]

Calosmon

[more]

Calycodaphne

[more]

Camphora

[more]

Camphorina

[more]

Camphoromoea

[more]

Cannella

[more]

Caryodaphne

[more]

Caryodaphnopsis

Caryodaphnopsis is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Cassytha

Cassytha L. (1753) is a genus of some two dozen species of obligately parasitic vines in the family Lauraceae. Superficially and in some aspects of their ecology they closely resemble plants in the unrelated genus Cuscuta, the dodders. The physical resemblance is so close that, when fruit and flowers are absent in the field, few people without technical training can tell them apart; even an unwary botanist might be misled. It is a spectacular example of convergent evolution. In its divergence from habits typical of the Lauraceae, it also presents examples of mosaic evolution [more]

Cecidodaphne

[more]

Cedrota

[more]

Ceramocarpium

[more]

Ceramophora

[more]

Chanekia

[more]

Chlorocardium

Chlorocardium is a genus of the family Lauraceae. It contains only two species: Chlorocardium rodiei and Chlorocardium venenosum. It is native to northern South America. [more]

Cinnadenia

[more]

Cinnamomophyllum

[more]

Cinnamomum

Cinnamomum is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The species of Cinnamomum have aromatic oils in their leaves and bark. The genus contains over 300 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of North America, Central America, South America, Asia, Oceania and Australasia. [more]

Cinnamonum

[more]

Clinostemon

[more]

Cryptocarya

Cryptocarya is a of evergreen trees belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes more than 350 species, distributed through the Neotropic, Afrotropic, Indomalaya, and Australasia ecozones. [more]

Cyanodaphne

[more]

Cylicodaphne

[more]

Dahlgrenodendron

[more]

Damburneya

[more]

Daphnidium

[more]

Dehaasia

[more]

Dendrodaphne

[more]

Dictyodaphne

[more]

Dicypellium

Dicypellium is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, native to tropical South America, in Amazon Basin. [more]

Dipliathus

[more]

Dodecadenia

[more]

Dombeyopsis

Douglassia

[more]

Drimophyllum

[more]

Endiandra

Endiandra is a of approximately 100 species of plants, mainly trees in the laurel family Lauraceae. They have a broad distribution across South East Asia, Australia and into the western Pacific Ocean. [more]

Endlicheria

[more]

Endocarpa

[more]

Euosmus

[more]

Euphoebe

[more]

Eusideroxylon

Eusideroxylon is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Evelyna

[more]

Evodia

Tetradium is a of nine species of trees in the family Rutaceae, occurring in temperate to tropical east Asia. In older books, the genus was often included in the related genus Euodia (orthographic error, "Evodia"), but that genus is now restricted to tropical species (1). In cultivation in English-speaking countries, they are known as Euodia, Evodia, or Bee bee tree. [more]

Evonymodaphne

[more]

Fiwa

[more]

Gamanthera

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Goeppertia

[more]

Gymnobalanus

[more]

Haasia

[more]

Hernandezia

[more]

Hexanthus

[more]

Hexapora

Hexapora is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Hornera

[more]

Huberodaphne

[more]

Hufelandia

[more]

Hypodaphnis

[more]

Icosandra

[more]

Iozoste

[more]

Iteadaphne

[more]

Jozoste

[more]

Keulia

[more]

Kubitzkia

[more]

Lauromerrillia

[more]

Laurophyllum

Laurus

Laurus is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes three species, whose diagnostic key characters often overlap (Mabberley 1997). [more]

Lepidadenia

[more]

Leptodaphne

[more]

Licaria

Licaria is a genus of plant in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Lindera

Lindera is a genus of about 80-100 species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, mostly native to eastern Asia but with three species in eastern North America. The species are shrubs and small trees; common names include Spicebush and Benjamin Bush. [more]

Linharia

[more]

Litsea

Litsea is a genus of evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes 200-400 species in tropical and subtropical Asia, Australia, New Zealand, North America to subtropical South America; 70+ species in China, mostly in south and southwest warm regions. [more]

Machilus

Malapoenna

[more]

Massoia

[more]

Mespilodaphne

[more]

Mezilaurus

Mezilaurus is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Misanteca

[more]

Montania

Mutisiopersea

Nectandra

Nectandra is a genus of plant in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Neocinnamomum

Plant genus belonging to the . [more]

Neolitsea

Neolitsea is a genus of 80 species of shrub and small tree in the laurel family Lauraceae. They range from tropical Asia, Malesia to Australia. The leaves are alternate and gathered in pseudowhorls. [more]

Nesodaphne

Notaphoebe

Nothaphoebe

Nothaphoebe is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Ocotea

Ocotea is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Lauraceae. The genus includes over 200 species of evergreen trees and shrubs, distributed mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of Central and South America, the West Indies, also with a few species in Africa and Madagascar, and one, O. foetens (Til or Tilo), native to the islands of Macaronesia. [more]

Oreodaphne

[more]

Parabenzoin

[more]

Paraia

[more]

Parasassafras

Actinodaphne is an Asian genus of the family Lauraceae, Laurel bay related, that comprises a group of flowering plants within the order Laurales. [more]

Parthenoxylon

[more]

Persea

Persea is a genus of about 150 species of evergreen trees belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae. The best-known member of the genus is the avocado, P. americana, widely cultivated in subtropical regions for its large, edible fruit. [more]

Phoebe

File:IMG 0067 [more]

Phyllostemonodaphne

Phyllostemonodaphne is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Pleurothyrium

Pleurothyrium is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Polyadenia

[more]

Potameia

Potameia is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Potoxylon

Potoxylon is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. Its only species: (Symington) ??Kostermans, is native to Borneo in tropical Asia. The genus was described by Andr? Joseph Guillaume Henri Kostermans in 1978. [more]

Povedadaphne

Povedadaphne is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Pseudosassafras

Sassafras is a genus of three extant and one extinct species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia. [more]

Ravensara

[more]

Rhodostemonodaphne

[more]

Rumputris

[more]

Salgada

[more]

Sassafras

Sassafras is a genus of three extant and one extinct species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia. [more]

Sassafridium

[more]

Sebifera

Litsea is a genus of evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes 200 to 400 species in tropical and subtropical areas of both hemispheres. [more]

Sextonia

[more]

Silvia

[more]

Sinosassafras

Lindera is a genus of about 80-100 species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, mostly native to eastern Asia but with three species in eastern North America. The species are shrubs and small trees; common names include Spicewood, Spicebush, and Benjamin Bush. [more]

Strychnodaphne

[more]

Syndiclis

Systemonodaphne

Tamala

[more]

Temmodaphne

Cinnamomum is a genus of evergreen aromatic trees and shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The species of Cinnamomum have aromatic oils in their leaves and bark. The genus contains over 300 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of North America, Central America, South America, Asia, Oceania and Australasia. The genus Cinnamomum includes a great number of economically important trees. [more]

Tetranthera

[more]

Tomex

[more]

Tylostemon

Umbellularia

Umbellularia californica is a large tree native to coastal forests of California and slightly extended into Oregon. [more]

Urbanodendron

Urbanodendron is a genus of in family Lauraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]

Williamodendron

Williamodendron is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae, in South America. [more]

Yushunia

Yushunia is a genus of plant in family Lauraceae. They are evergreen "lauroide" trees belonging to the tropical Laurel forest habitat, a type of Cloud forest in Taiwan, in Asia. [more]

More info about the Genus Yushunia may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. Henk van der Werff "Lauraceae". in Flora of North America Vol. 3. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 19:47:51