The Subfamily Hydrangeoideae is a member of the Family Hydrangeaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Hydrangeoideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Hydrangeoideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (9): Amaryllideae · Geranieae · Hydrangeae · Hydrangeeae · Laureae · Philadelpheae · Pruneae · Tecomeae · Theeae
- Genus (39): Abelia · Alangium · Astilbe · Bergenia · Brahea · Broussaisia · Cardiandra · Carpenteria · Centropogon · Decumaria · Deinanthe · Deutzia · Dichroa · Fendlerella · Geranium · Hydrangea · Hypoestes · Ida · Illicium · Impatiens · Incarvillea · Itea · Kirengeshoma · Lindera · Nerine · Paulownia · Pellionia · Philadelphus · Photinia · Pileostegia · Platanus · Platycrater · Prunus · Pyrenaria · Rabiea · Schizophragma · Tiarella · Whipplea · Yavia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 2,239 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Hydrangeoideae.
Alangium is a small genus of flowering plants. The genus is included either in a broad view of the dogwood family Cornaceae, or as the sole member of its own family Alangiaceae. Alangium has about 24 species, but some of the species boundaries are not entirely clear. The type species for Alangium is Alangium decapetalum, which is now treated as a subspecies of Alangium salviifolium. All of the species are shrubs or small trees, except the liana Alangium kwangsiense. A. chinense, A. platanifolium, and A. salviifolium are known in cultivation. [more]
Astilbe () is a genus of 18 species of perennial, herbaceous flowering plants, within the family Saxifragaceae. Some species are commonly known as False Goat's Beard, and False Spirea. Astilbe species are native to Asia and North America. [more]
Bergenia is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family Saxifragaceae, native to central Asia, from Afghanistan to China and the Himalaya. They are evergreen perennial plants with a spirally arranged rosette of leaves 6-35 cm long and 4-15 cm broad, and pink flowers produced in a cyme. [more]
Brahea is a of palms in the Arecaceae family. They are commonly referred to as Hesper Palms and are endemic to Mexico and Central America. All Hesper Palms have large, fan-shaped leaves. There are 11 species described in the genus as follows: [more]
Kanawao (Broussaisia arguta) is a species of perennial flowering plant in the Hydrangea family, Hydrangeaceae, that is endemic to Hawaii. It belongs to a monotypic genus. [more]
Subshrubs or shrubs, rhizomatous. Stems simple. Leaves alternate or 4-8-fascicled, exstipulate; leaf blade simple. Inflorescence often terminal, a thyrse or corymbose cyme. Sterile flowers few, large; sepals 2 or 3, free or sometimes basally slightly connate, petaloid. Fertile flowers numerous, small. Calyx tube adnate to ovary, forming a hypanthium; teeth small, valvate in bud. Petals (4 or) 5, imbricate in bud. Stamens very numerous, multiseriate; filaments filiform; anthers obcordate, 2-loculed, dehiscing longitudinally, apex truncate; connective broadly obtriangular. Ovary subinferior, incompletely 2- or 3-loculed. Styles 2-4; stigmas small, subcapitate. Fruit a capsule, subinferior, dehiscing apically, apex with persistent calyx teeth and styles. Seeds numerous, small, compressed, winged at both ends; seed coat reticulate; embryo small, surrounded by fleshy endosperm. [more]
Carpenteria californica, the sole species in the genus Carpenteria, is an evergreen shrub native to California. It is closey related to the genus Philadelphus. Common names include Tree-anemone and Bush-anemone. [more]
Centropogon is a plant genus in the family Campanulaceae. Some place this in the Lobeliaceae, if recognised. [more]
Woodvamp (Decumaria) is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Hydrangeaceae, one (D. barbara) native to the southeastern United States, and the other (D. sinensis) native to central China. [more]
Herbs perennial, with horizontal rhizomes. Leaves opposite, usually 2- or 4-crowded apically on stem. Inflorescence terminal, an umbellate or corymbose cyme, few flowered; involucres and bracts deciduous or occasionally persistent. Sterile flowers small, borne at margin of inflorescence. Fertile flowers large. Calyx tube hemispheric to turbinate, adnate to ovary; lobes 5, imbricate in bud, petaloid, persistent. Petals 5-8, imbricate in bud. Stamens inserted on periphery of disc; filaments slender; anthers basifixed, broadly ellipsoid. Ovary semi-inferior; placentation parietal; ovules numerous. Styles 5, connate or apex 6-fissured; stigmas small. Fruit a capsule, semi-inferior, dehiscing between valves. Seeds numerous, small, winged at both ends. [more]
Deutzia ( or /'d??tsi?/) is a genus of about 60 species of shrubs in the family Hydrangeaceae, native to eastern and central Asia (from the Himalaya east to Japan and the Philippines), and Central America and also Europe. By far the highest species diversity is in China, where 50 species occur. [more]
Dichroa is a genus of 12 species of flowering plants in the family Hydrangeaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia. They are deciduous shrubs growing to 1-3 m tall, with their leaves arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are produced in a broad inflorescence similar to that of the related genus Hydrangea. The fruit is a glossy metallic purple-blue berry. [more]
Fendlerella is a monotypic of shrubs in the Hydrangeaceae containing the single species Fendlerella utahensis. This plant is known as Utah Fendlerella, yerba desierto, or sometimes as Utah Fendlerbush (it having previously been included in the closely related genus Fendlera, the Fendlerbushes). [more]
Geranium is a genus of 422 species of flowering annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as the cranesbills. It is found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. The long, palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. The flowers have 5 petals and are colored white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Propagation is by semi-ripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. [more]
Hydrangea (; common names Hydrangea and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70 to 75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (China, Japan, Korea, the Himalayas, and Indonesia) and North and South America. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China, Japan, and Korea. Most are shrubs 1 to 3 meters tall, but some are small trees, and others lianas reaching up to 30 metres by climbing up trees. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are all deciduous. [more]
Illicium (Anise-tree, Anise tree) is a genus of flowering plants containing 42 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees, and is the sole genus in family Illiciaceae. The species are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern and southeastern Asia, southeastern North America, and the West Indies. [more]
Impatiens () is a genus of about 850?1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and tropics. Together with the puzzling Hydrocera triflora, this genus makes up the family Balsaminaceae. Such a situation is highly unusual, and phylogenetic studies might reveal that Impatiens needs to be split up; some of its species might be closer to Hydrocera than to their presumed congeners. [more]
Incarvillea is a genus of 16 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to central and eastern Asia, with most of the species growing at high altitudes in the Himalaya and Tibet. The most familiar species is Incarvillea delavayi, a garden plant commonly known as "hardy gloxinia" or "Chinese trumpet flower". Unlike most other members of Bignoniaceae, which are usually trees or lianas, species of Incarvillea are stemless perennial herbs with fleshy tuberous roots. [more]
There are things that have the name Itea (Greek Î¹Ï„ÎÎ±, for willow): [more]
Kirengeshoma is a genus containing one or two species of plants in the Hydrangea family. Both are native to Eastern Asia, with palmate leaves and yellow flowers, growing in shady environments. They are grown as a garden plant in other parts of the world. [more]
Lindera is a genus of about 80-100 species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, mostly native to eastern Asia but with three species in eastern North America. The species are shrubs and small trees; common names include Spicebush and Benjamin Bush. [more]
Nerine is a genus of plants belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family. Native to South Africa, there are about 30 different species in the genus. Nerine have been widely cultivated and much hybridized and are now spread world wide. [more]
Paulownia is a genus of between 6â€“17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of plants in the monogeneric family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae. They are native to much of China (its name in Chinese is æ³¡æ¡/pao1tong2), south to northern Laos and Vietnam, and long cultivated elsewhere in eastern Asia, notably in Japan and Korea. They are deciduous trees 10â€“25 m tall, with large leaves 15â€“40 cm across, arranged in opposite pairs on the stem. The flowers are produced in early spring on panicles 10â€“30 cm long, with a tubular purple corolla resembling a foxglove flower. The fruit is a dry capsule, containing thousands of minute seeds. [more]
Herbs or subshrubs, without stinging hairs. Leaves apparently alternate, distichous; nanophylls present or absent, opposite to normal leaves; stipules 2; leaf blade 3-veined, one major lateral vein sometimes inserted above the base, or pinnately veined, base asymmetric, margin entire or serrate; cystoliths mostly present, linear or fusiform. Inflorescences axillary, cymes of unisexual flowers (plants monoecious or dioecious) ; male ones usually pedunculate; female ones pedunculate or sessile, bracteose, rarely with discoid receptacle and involucre. Male flowers: perianth lobes 4 or 5, elliptic, connate 1/2 of length, slightly valvate, apex usually corniculate; stamens as many as and opposite to perianth lobes; filaments inflexed in bud; rudimentary pistil small. Female flowers: perianth lobes 4 or 5, distinct, longer than or as long as ovary, usually unequal, apex usually corniculate; staminodes as many as and opposite to perianth, scale-like. Ovary straight, ellipsoid; style absent; stigma penicillate; ovule orthotropous. Achenes ovoid or ellipsoid, slightly flattened, usually tuberculate. [more]
Mock-orange (Philadelphus; also Mockorange, Mock Orange, Syringa) is a genus of about 60 species of shrubs from 1 to 6 m tall, native to North America, Central America, Asia and (locally) in southeast Europe. Most are deciduous but a few species from the south of the genus' range are evergreen. The leaves are opposite, simple, with serrated margins, from 1 to 14 cm long. [more]
Photinia () is a genus of about 40?60 species of small trees and large shrubs in the Rosaceae family. As interpreted here, the natural range of these species is restricted to warm temperate Asia, from the Himalaya east to Japan and south to India and Thailand. They have, however, been widely cultivated throughout the world as ornamentals for their white flowers and red fruits. [more]
Shrubs evergreen, climbing, with aerial rootlets. Leaves opposite, petiolate; leaf blade margin entire or dentate. Inflorescence terminal, a corymbose panicle. Flowers bisexual, small. Calyx tube adnate to ovary, conical; lobes 4 or 5, imbricate in bud, minute. Petals 4 or 5, valvate in bud, connate apically and forming a calyptra, falling early. Stamens 8-10, epigynous; filaments slender; anthers subglobose, 2-loculed, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary inferior, 4-6-loculed; ovules numerous. Style short, robust; stigma 4-6-lobed. Fruit a capsule, 4- or 5-valved, dehiscing irregularly along ribs. Seeds numerous, oblong, slightly compressed, membranous winged at both ends. [more]
Platanus () is a small genus of trees native to the Northern Hemisphere. They are the sole living members of the family Platanaceae. [more]
Shrubs deciduous. Stems erect or prostrate, sometimes rooting from nodes; bark peeling off. Winter bud scales in 2 or 3 pairs, membranous. Leaves opposite, decussate; leaf blade simple. Inflorescence terminal, a corymbose cyme, few branched; bracts persistent. Sterile flowers few, large. Fertile flowers numerous, small. Calyx tube adnate to ovary; teeth persistent. Petals 4, free, valvate in bud, fleshy, falling early. Stamens very numerous, multiseriate; filaments basally slightly connate; anthers basifixed, broadly oblong, apex subrounded. Ovary inferior, 2-loculed; ovules numerous. Styles 2, erect or spreading; stigmas papillose or adaxially oblique. Fruit an apically poricidal capsule, obconical, 2-valved. Seeds numerous, small, winged at both ends. [more]
Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, including the plums, cherries, peaches, apricots and almonds. It is traditionally placed within the rose family Rosaceae as a subfamily, the Prunoideae (or Amygdaloideae), but sometimes placed in its own family, the Prunaceae (or Amygdalaceae). There are around 430 species of Prunus, spread throughout the northern temperate regions of the globe. [more]
Pyrenaria is a genus of plant in family Theaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Schizophragma is a genus of four species of lianas in the Hydrangeaceae, native to Asia from the Himalaya east to Taiwan and Japan. One species, S. hydrangeoides, is known as Climbing Hydrangea Vine. [more]
The Foamflowers (Tiarella) are a popular genus of wildflower and garden plants. They belong to the Saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae). Some species are: [more]
Whipplea is a monotypic genus containing the single species Whipplea modesta, which is known by several common names including common whipplea, yerba de selva, and modesty. It is a dicot shrub or sub-shrub in the Hydrangeaceae family, native to the Pacific Coastal region of the United States. [more]
Yavia cryptocarpa is a species of cactus (family Cactaceae) and the only species of the newly discovered genus Yavia. The genus is named after Argentina's department Yavi, Jujuy province, where the plant is endemic to sparsely vegatated rocky slopes. The plant is also sometimes put in the tribe Trichocereeae. The species 'cryptocarpa' refers to the plant being a cryptocarp. This means that the fruits are formed inside the plant's body, thus being only visible when the plant shrinks in the drought period. [more]
More info about the Genus Yavia may be found here.
- Chen Chiajui & Wang Wentsai. 1995. Urticaceae. In: Wang Wentsai & Chen Chiajui, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 23(2): 1404.
- Hwang Shu-mei, Wei Chao-fen, Lu Ling-ti, Ku Tsue-chih & Jin Shu-ying. 1995. Saxifragaceae (2) [Parnassioideae, Hydrangeoideae, Escallonioideae, Iteoideae, Ribesioideae]. In: Lu Ling-ti & Hwang Shu-mei, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 35(1): 1-406.
- Pan Jin-tang. 1992. Saxifragaceae (1) [Penthoroideae, Saxifragoideae]. In: Pan Jin-tang, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 34(2): 1-309
- Wei Chao-fen, Bruce Bartholomew "Cardiandra". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 406. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Wei Chao-fen, Bruce Bartholomew "Deinanthe". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 411. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Lin Qi, Ib Friis, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear "Pellionia". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 122. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Hwang Shu-mei, Bruce Bartholomew "Pileostegia". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 403. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Wei Chao-fen, Bruce Bartholomew "Platycrater". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 407. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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