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Herbs small, perennial, cormous. Corms oblate, covered with a tunic. Leaves few, all basal, green, linear, adaxially with pale, median stripe, base surrounded by membranous, sheathlike leaves. Aerial stem not developed. Flowers emerging from ground, with peduncle and ovary subterranean. Perianth white, yellow, or lilac to dark purple; tube long, slender; segments similar, equal or subequal. Stamens inserted in throat of perianth tube. Style 1, slender, distally with 3 to many branches. Capsule small, ellipsoid or oblong-ellipsoid.

About 80 species: C and W Asia, Europe, Mediterranean region; two species (one introduced) in China.[1]


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The Genus Crocus is a member of the Family Iridaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Crocus:

The Genus Crocus is further organized into finer groupings including:


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  1. "Crocus". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 313. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at


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Last Revised: August 27, 2014
2014/08/27 06:10:15