The Subfamily Crocoideae is a member of the Family Iridaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Crocoideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Crocoideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (3): Ixieae · Pillansieae · Watsonieae
- Subtribe (2): Euphorbiinae · Sarcanthinae
- Genus (17): Anomatheca · Babiana · Crocosmia · Crocus · Dierama · Freesia · Geissorhiza · Gladiolus · Hesperantha · Lapeirousia · Micranthus · Pillansia · Romulea · Sparaxis · Syringodea · Thereianthus · Watsonia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 4,895 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Crocoideae.
Babiana Ker Gawler () is a genus of flowering plants in the Family Iridaceae composed of about 80 species. Most of these species (about 49) are found in the southwestern Cape of Africa, with the remainder distributed in Namaqualand and Northern Cape Province. The native range of the genus is from southern Namibia to the Eastern Cape to southern Zimbabwe, with one species from Socotra off the coast of Somalia (although this may not be a species of Babiana). The genus name is derived from the Dutch word baviaan, referring to the African monkey that consumes the corms of plants in the genus. [more]
Crocosmia (; J.E. Planchon, 1851) is a small perennial genus in the iris family Iridaceae, native to the grasslands of Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. [more]
Crocus (plural: crocuses, croci) is a genus in the iris family comprising about 80 species of perennials growing from corms. Many are cultivated for their flowers appearing in autumn, winter, or spring. Crocuses are native to woodland, scrub and meadows from sea level to alpine tundra in central and southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, on the islands of the Aegean, and across Central Asia to western China. [more]
Freesia Ecklon ex Klatt is a genus of 14?16 species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, native to Africa. Of the 14 species, 12 are native to Cape Province, South Africa, the remaining two to tropical Africa, one species extending north of the equator to Sudan. [more]
Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword) is a genus of perennial bulbous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). Sometimes called the sword lily, the most widely used English common name for these plants is simply gladiolus (plural gladioli, gladioluses or sometimes gladiolas). [more]
Pillansia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae. The genus name is a tribute to the South African botanist , who brought the species to the attention of Harriet Margaret Louisa Bolus. [more]
Herbs, perennial, from corms. Stems: true stem aerial [subterranean and only peduncles of individual flowers aerial], simple or branched. Leaves 1-several; blade linear, oval to terete in cross section, 4-grooved (2 on each surface, on either side of thickened midrib) [2-grooved]. Inflorescences solitary flowers, interpreted as sessile, thus without pedicels; bracts inserted at ovary base, green or flushed with purple, unequal, outer exceeding inner, firm, inner bract margins membranous to scarious (rarely entirely scarious). Flowers odorless [fragrant], actinomorphic; tepals forming wide cup, connate into tube, subequal, outer whorl often slightly larger than inner; perianth tube funnel-shaped [or cylindric]; stamens symmetrical; filaments distinct [connate]; anthers usually erect, contiguous; style branching opposite or beyond anthers into 3 slender branches divided for ± 1/2 length. Capsules ovoid-oblong, walls firm, cartilaginous. Seeds many, globose; seed coat light to dark brown, often smooth, shiny. x = 13 or 14. [more]
Sparaxis (Harlequin Flower) is a genus in the family Iridaceae with about 13 species endemic to Cape Province, South Africa. [more]
Watsonia can refer to: [more]
At least 176 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Watsonia.
More info about the Genus Watsonia may be found here.
- De Vos, M. P. 1972. The genus Romulea in South Africa. J. S. African Bot., suppl. 9.
- De Vos, M. P. 1983. Romulea. In: Department of Agricultural Technical Services [South Africa]. 1963+. Flora of Southern Africa.... 19+ vols. (some partial). Pretoria. Vol. 7, part 2, fasc. 2, pp. 1073.
- Manning, J. C. and P. Goldblatt. 2001. A synoptic review of Romulea (Iridaceae: Crocoideae) in sub-Saharan Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra including new species, biological notes, and a new infrageneric classification. Adansonia, sér. 3, 23: 59108.
- Peter Goldblatt "Romulea". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 348, 349, 407. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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