A Family in the Kingdom Plantae.
The Family Convallariaceae is a member of the Order Asparagales. Here is the complete "parentage" of Convallariaceae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Family Convallariaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (5): Amygdaloideae · Bambusoideae · Faboideae · Theoideae · Ulmoideae
- Tribe (2): Loteae · Ophiopogoneae
- Genus (28): Antherolophus · Asteranthemum · Aulisconema · Brachycyrtis · Campydorum · Campylandra · Codomale · Colania · Compsanthus · Compsoa · Drapiezia · Evallaria · Evrardiella · Gyromia · Hekorima · Heteropolygonatum · Hexorima · Liriope · Lourya · Macrostigma · Mondo · Oligobotrya · Otatea · Smilacena · Steptopus · Teta · Tilcusta · Tricalistra
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 142 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Convallariaceae.
Herbs perennial, rhizomatous, monopodial. Rhizome ascending or less often creeping, thick, stout, sometimes slightly woody. Stem very short or sometimes slightly elongate. Leaves basal or on short stem, usually distichous equitant, sometimes spaced, basally distinctly petiolate or not; leaf blade lorate to ovate-elliptic. Scape axillary. Inflorescence a terminal spike, several to many flowered, sometimes with several sterile bracts apically; fertile bracts lanceolate to ovate, often longer than flowers, sometimes shorter. Perianth segments 6, connate into a tube for 1/2--2/3 their length, fleshy, sometimes with a ringlike, fleshy appendage in throat; lobes often spreading, sometimes incurved, sometimes fimbriate at margin. Stamens 6; filaments proximally adnate to perianth tube, free part short to long; anthers positioned as high as or higher than stigma, dorsifixed. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules 2--4 per locule. Style 1, to 1(--3.5) mm; stigma small, 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, 1--3-seeded. [more]
Herbs perennial, rhizomatous, sympodial, epiphytic. Rhizome horizontally creeping, often branched, moniliform, fleshy. Stem ascending or pendulous, simple. Leaves cauline, alternate, shortly or indistinctly petiolate, entire. Inflorescences terminal and often also axillary, racemose or subumbellate, often 1- or 2-flowered, sometimes 3--6-flowered. Flowers bisexual, pendulous, ebracteate. Perianth pinkish or whitish, tubular or campanulate; segments 6, imbricate, subequal, connate proximally for 1/5--5/6 their length. Corona absent. Stamens 6, in 2 whorls, outer ones shorter than or equaling inner; filaments filiform, smooth or verrucose, proximally adnate to perianth for most of their length; anthers lanceolate to ovate, introrse. Ovary ellipsoid, 3-loculed. Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed, small. Fruit a berry, orange, globose to ovoid. [more]
Liriope has two distinct meanings: [more]
Otatea is a of clumping bamboos found from Central Mexico to Central America. The name derives from the nahuatl otatl, meaning "bamboo". The genus comprises 3 species, of which the best-known is of the Mexican weeping bamboo. [more]
More info about the Genus Tricalistra may be found here.
- Liang Song-jun, Minoru N. Tamura "Campylandra". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 235. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- Chen Sing-chi, Minoru N. Tamura "Heteropolygonatum". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 222. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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