Sulphurs are members of the Family Pieridae. In North America, sulphurs range from Mexico to northern Canada. Females of most species are distinctly different fr om males. Some species are mud-puddlers and will collect around muddy pools on dirt roads. Sulphurs overwinter as larvae.
The Subfamily Coliadinae is a member of the Family Osmundaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Coliadinae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866
The Subfamily Coliadinae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (33): Abutilieae · Aethionemeae · Alysseae · Archipini · Billardiereae · Bombini · Brassiceae · Buddlejeae · Cardamineae · Chironieae · Cichorieae · Cisteae · Crataegeae · Diapensieae · Diervilleae · Gentianeae · Geranieae · Gerardieae · Hyacintheae · Lonicereae · Lythreae · Magnolieae · Moreae · Myoporeae · Narcisseae · Oleeae · Pittosporeae · Polygaleae · Pyreae · Rhoeae · Saliceae · Tecomeae · Violeae
- Subtribe (4): Fraxininae · Gentianinae · Ligustrinae · Swertiinae
- Genus (132): Abaeis · Aethionema · Afrocarpus · Agalinis · Aganisia · Agapanthus · Agapetes · Alnus · Alstroemeria · Alyssum · Anteos · Aphrissa · Aronia · Asphodeline · Asphodelus · Astelia · Baileya · Bashania · Bassia · Begonia · Billardiera · Brassica · Broussonetia · Buddleja · Cardamine · Castilleja · Catopsila · Catopsilia · Ceanothus · Celtis · Centaurium · Cesonia · Cirrhopetalum · Cistus · Codonopsis · Coleonema · Colias · Cornus · Cotoneaster · Cuphea · Dercas · Dianella · Dinas · Dodonaea · Dracunculus · Drosera · Elaeagnus · Ephedra · Eremaea · Euodia · Eurema · Frasera · Fraxinus · Gandaca · Gentiana · Gentianella · Gonepteryx · Gopherus · Hemerocallis · Hexastylis · Ilex · Illicium · Impatiens · Incarvillea · Inga · Keckiella · Kniphofia · Kricogonia · Libocedrus · Ligustrum · Lonicera · Lycopodium · Matthiola · Montinia · Myoporum · Narcissus · Nathalis · Nephrolepis · Nothofagus · Osmunda · Osteomeles · Ourisia · Oxalis · Paeonia · Pelargonium · Phoebis · Phormium · Pinguicula · Piper · Pistacia · Pithecoctenium · Pittosporum · Plagiogyria · Planchonella · Platanus · Plecostachys · Plectocolea · Pleioblastus · Pleiomeris · Pleiospilos · Pleiostachya · Podocarpus · Polygala · Polyxena · Portulaca · Potamopyrgus · Pulsatilla · Pyrisitia · Ribes · Salix · Sarracenia · Saxifraga · Schinus · Scutellaria · Selaginella · Sequoiadendron · Simethis · Smilax · Sorbus · Stachyurus · Statira · Symplocos · Tacca · Terias · Tripterospermum · Tritonia · Ulmus · Viburnum · Viminaria · Weigela · Zerene · Zieria
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 558 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Coliadinae.
Eurema is a widespread genus of grass yellow butterflies in the family Pieridae. [more]
Aethionema is a genus of flowering plants, within the family Brassicaceae, subfamily . The genus is collectively known as the stonecresses. [more]
Afrocarpus is a genus of conifers belonging to the podocarp family Podocarpaceae. Afrocarpus was designated a genus in 1989, when several species formerly classified in Podocarpus and Nageia were reclassified. Two to six species are recognized. [more]
Agalinis Raf. (false foxglove) is a genus of about 70 species in North, Central, and South America that until recently was aligned with members of the family Scrophulariaceae. As a result of numerous molecular phylogenetic studies based on various chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) loci, it was shown to be more closely related to members of the Orobanchaceae. Agalinis spp. are , which is a character that in part describes the Orobanchaceae. [more]
Aganisia Lindl. 1839, is a small South American genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae), subfamily Epidendroideae. [more]
Agapanthus () is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. [more]
Agapetes is a semi-climbing shrub genus native to the Himalayas, grown as an ornamental for its attractive pendulous benches of red tubular flowers blooming over a long period. It is mostly grown in climates from cool temperate to sub-tropical. Propagation is from cuttings. [more]
Trees or shrubs, to 35 m; trunks usually several, branching excurrent to deliquescent. Bark of trunks and branches light gray to dark brown, thin, smooth, close; lenticels often present, pale, prominent, sometimes horizontally expanded. Wood nearly white, turning reddish upon exposure to air, moderately light and soft, texture fine. Branches, branchlets, and twigs nearly 2-ranked to diffuse; young twigs uniform or ( Alnus subg. Alnobetula ) differentiated into long and short shoots. Winter buds stipitate (nearly sessile in Alnus subg. Alnobetula ), narrowly to broadly ovoid or ellipsoid, terete, apex acute to rounded; scales 2--3, valvate, or ( Alnus subg. Alnobetula ) several, imbricate, smooth, or ( Alnus subg. Clethropsis ) sometimes none. Leaves borne on long or short shoots, 3-ranked to nearly 2-ranked. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or obovate, thin to leathery, base variable, cuneate to rounded, margins doubly serrate, serrate, serrulate, or nearly entire, apex variable, acute to obtuse or acuminate to rounded; surfaces glabrous to tomentose, abaxially sometimes resinous-glandular. Inflorescences: staminate catkins lateral, in racemose clusters or ( Alnus subg. Clethropsis ) solitary, formed ( Alnus subg. Alnus and Clethropsis ) during previous growing season and exposed or enclosed in buds during winter, or ( Alnus subg. Clethropsis ) formed and expanding during same growing season, expanding before or with leaves; pistillate catkins proximal to staminate catkins, solitary or in relatively small racemose clusters, erect to nearly pendulous, ovoid to ellipsoid, firm; scales and flowers crowded, developing and maturing at same time as staminate catkins. Staminate flowers in catkins, 3 per scale; stamens (3--) 4(--6) ; anthers and filaments undivided. Pistillate flowers usually 2 per scale. Infructescences erect or pendulous; scales persistent long after release of fruits, with 5 lobes, greatly thickened, woody. Fruits tiny samaras, lateral wings 2, leathery or membranaceous, reduced or essentially absent in some species. x = 7. [more]
Alstroemeria (; syn. Alstremeria), commonly called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas, is a South American genus of about 120 species of flowering plants. Almost all of the species are restricted to one of two distinct centers of diversity, one in central Chile, the other in eastern Brazil. Species of Alstroemeria from Chile are winter-growing plants while those of Brazil are summer-growing. All are long-lived perennials except A. (Taltalia) graminea, a diminutive annual from the Atacama Desert of Chile. [more]
Alyssum is a genus of about 100?170 species of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae, native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean region. The genus comprises annual and perennial herbaceous plants or (rarely) small shrubs, growing to 10?100 cm tall, with oblong-oval leaves and yellow or white flowers (pink to purple in a few species). [more]
Anteos is a genus of butterflies in the family Pieridae, commonly called angled-sulphurs. [more]
Aphrissa is a genus of butterflies in the family Pieridae found in Central America and South America. [more]
Aronia, the chokeberries, are two to three species of deciduous shrubs in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America. They are most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and also because they are very high in antioxidant pigment compounds, like anthocyanins. The name "chokeberry" comes from the astringency of the fruits, which are inedible when raw. The berries can be used to make wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea and tinctures. The fruits are eaten by birds, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings; birds do not taste astringency and feed on them freely. [more]
Asphodeline is a genus of perennial plants in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae. From the Mediterranean, it has fleshy roots and fragrant, starry flowers that are yellow in May to June. It grows up to 4 ft in well-drained soil. Its foliage is blue-green and grassy, with tall, narrow flower spikes. It takes at least three years before newly-planted seedlings flower. The yellow flowers always make an interesting addition to the late-spring garden. The individual flowers on the spikes open in a seemingly random order, and do not last long, being replaced quickly by other flowers. [more]
Asphodelus is a genus of mainly perennial plants native to western, central and southern Europe, but now spread worldwide. Asphodels are popular garden plants, which grow in well-drained soils with abundant natural light. Now placed in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae, like many lilioid monocots, the genus was formerly placed in the lily family (Liliaceae). [more]
Astelia is a genus of rhizomatous tufted perennials in the family Asteliaceae which are native to the Pacific region as well as the Falkland Islands, R?union and Mauritius. The species generally grow in forests, swamps and amongst low alpine vegetation; occasionally they are epiphytic. [more]
Baileya (the desert marigolds) is a genus of three species in the aster family Asteraceae. All are native to the southwestern United States and to Mexico. [more]
Begonia is a genus in the flowering plant family Begoniaceae and is a perennial. The only other members of the family Begoniaceae are Hillebrandia, a genus with a single species in the Hawaiian Islands, and the genus Symbegonia which more recently was included in Begonia. "Begonia" is the common name as well as the generic name for all members of the genus. The genus name, coined by Charles Plumier, a French patron of botany, honors Michel B?gon, a former governor of the French colony of Haiti. It was adopted by Linnaeus. As a member of the order Curcurbitales, begonias are relatively closely related to such food crops as pumpkins / squash, gourds, cucumbers, and melons. [more]
Billardiera is a of small vines and shrubs which is endemic to Australia. The genus was first formally described in 1793 by botanist James Edward Smith who named it in honour of Jacques Labillardière, a French botanist. [more]
Brassica (BrÃ¡s-si-ca) is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus may be collectively known either as cabbages, or as mustards. Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops. [more]
Broussonetia is a genus of four species of trees in the family Moraceae, native to eastern Asia. [more]
Buddleja, also often spelled Buddleia, is a genus of flowering plants. It is now included in the Scrophulariaceae, though in the past was previously classified in either the Loganiaceae or in a family of its own, the Buddlejaceae. The plant was named after the Reverend Adam Buddle who was a botanist and a rector in Essex, England. [more]
Cardamine (Car-dÃ¡-mi-ne, Bittercress or Bitter-cress), is a large genus in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except in the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine. [more]
Castilleja, commonly known as Indian paintbrush or Prairie-fire, is a genus of about 200 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants native to the west of the Americas from Alaska south to the Andes, as well as northeast Asia. These plants are classified in the family Orobanchaceae, They are semi-parasitic on the roots of grasses and forbs. [more]
Ceanothus is a genus of about 50–60 species of shrubs or small trees in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae. The genus is confined to North America, the center of its distribution in California, with some species (e.g. C. americanus) in the eastern United States and southeast Canada, and others (e.g. C. coeruleus) extending as far south as Guatemala. Most are shrubs 0.5–3 m tall, but C. arboreus and C. thyrsiflorus, both from California, can be small trees up to 6–7 m tall. [more]
Hackberry (Celtis) is a genus of about 60-70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, and south to central Africa. The genus is present in the fossil record at least since the Miocene of Europe. [more]
Centaurium (formerly Erythraea) is a genus containing about 50 species in the gentian family (Gentianaceae), tribe Chironieae, subtribe Chironiinae. The genus was named after the centaur Chiron, famed in Greek mythology for his skill in medicinal herbs. The common name for plants in this genus is Centaury. [more]
Cesonia is a genus of in the Gnaphosidae family. [more]
Codonopsis is a genus of flowering plant within the family Campanulaceae. It is allied to Campanumoea and Leptocodon, and some authors suggest that Codonopsis should include these genera. Without them, Codonopsis includes 55 species endemic to eastern Asia. [more]
Coleonema is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rhamnaceae. The eight known species are all from the western Cape Province of South Africa. In Australia, where they are cultivated as garden ornamentals, they are often incorrectly referred to as Diosma. [more]
Colias is a of butterflies in the family Pieridae. They are usually called clouded yellows; the North American name "sulphurs" is elsewhere used for Coliadinae in general. The closest living relative is the genus Zerene, which is sometimes included in Colias. [more]
Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) is a genus of woody plants in the rose family Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a strong concentration of diversity in the genus in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalaya. They are related to hawthorns (Crataegus), firethorns (Pyracantha), photinias (Photinia) and rowans (Sorbus). [more]
Cuphea is a containing about 260 species of annual and perennial flowering plants native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas. The species range from low-growing herbs to semi-woody shrubs up to 2 m tall. Commonly they are known as cupheas', or, in the case of some species, as cigar plants. [more]
Dianella refers to [more]
Dodonaea is a genus of about 70 species of flowering plants in the family Sapindaceae, with a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia. By far the highest species diversity is in Australia. [more]
Dracunculus is a genus of spiruroid nematode parasites in the family Dracunculidae. Humans are the host of some species. [more]
The Sundews (Drosera) comprise one of the largest genera of carnivorous plants, with over 170 species. These members of the family Droseraceae lure, capture, and digest insects using stalked mucilaginous glands covering their leaf surface. The insects are used to supplement the poor mineral nutrition that sundews are able to obtain from the soil they grow in. Various species, which vary greatly in size and form, can be found growing natively on every continent except Antarctica. [more]
Elaeagnus (Silverberry or Oleaster) is a genus of about 50-70 species of flowering plants in the Elaeagnaceae. The vast majority of the species are native to temperate and subtropical regions of Asia, with one species (E. triflora) extending south into northeastern Australia, and another species (E. commutata) restricted to North America. Another species (E. angustifolia) may also be native in southeasternmost Europe though may be an early human introduction there. [more]
Ephedra refers to the plant Ephedra sinica. E. sinica, known in Chinese as ma huang (éº»é»ƒ; pinyin: mÃ¡ huÃ¡ng), has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for 5,000 years for the treatment of asthma and hay fever, as well as for the common cold. Several additional species belonging to the genus Ephedra have traditionally been used for a variety of medicinal purposes, and are a possible candidate for the Soma plant of Indo-Iranian religion. Native Americans and Mormon pioneers drank a tea brewed from an Ephedra, called Mormon Tea. [more]
Tetradium is a of nine species of trees in the family Rutaceae, occurring in temperate to tropical east Asia. In older books, the genus was often included in the related genus Euodia (orthographic error, "Evodia"), but that genus is now restricted to tropical species (1). In cultivation in English-speaking countries, they are known as Euodia, Evodia, or Bee bee tree. [more]
Eurema is a widespread genus of grass yellow in the family Pieridae. Species range from Asia, Africa, Australia, and Oceania, to the New World. The type species is the North American Virginia grass yellow. [more]
Fraxinus () is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae. It contains 45-65 species of usually medium to large trees, mostly deciduous though a few subtropical species are evergreen. The tree's common English name, ash, goes back to the Old English ?sc, while the generic name originated in Latin. Both words also meant "spear" in their respective languages. The leaves are opposite (rarely in whorls of three), and mostly pinnately compound, simple in a few species. The seeds, popularly known as keys or helicopter seeds, are a type of fruit known as a samara. Rowans or Mountain Ashes are unrelated to true ashes and belong to the Genus Sorbus though the leaves and buds are superficially similar. [more]
Gentiana is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Gentian family (Gentianaceae), tribe Gentianeae and monophyletic subtribe Gentianinae. This a large genus, with about 400 species. [more]
Gentianella (Dwarf gentian) is a plant genus in the Gentian family (Gentianaceae). [more]
Gonepteryx is a genus of in the Pieridae family. They live in Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. They are commonly known as brimstones for the bright yellow color of the wings of most species. [more]
Gopherus is a of tortoises commonly referred to as gopher tortoises. The gopher tortoise is grouped with land tortoises that originated 60 million years ago, in North America. A genetic study has shown that their closest relatives are in the Asian genus Manouria. [more]
Daylilies comprise the small genus Hemerocallis of flowering plants in the family Hemerocallidaceae. They are not true lilies which are Lilium in Liliaceae. [more]
Hexastylis or heartleaf is a genus of ten species in the family Aristolochiaceae, which is endemic to North America. It is a perennial, evergreen, herbaceous plant with leaves and flowers arising directly from the rhizomes. The genus name comes from the ancient Greek word hexastylis meaning with six styles. This genus is closely related to the Asian genera Heterotropa and Asiasarum and all three genera are sometimes included in Asarum. . [more]
Ilex or ILEX may refer to: [more]
Illicium (Anise-tree, Anise tree) is a genus of flowering plants containing 42 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees, and is the sole genus in family Illiciaceae. The species are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern and southeastern Asia, southeastern North America, and the West Indies. [more]
Impatiens () is a genus of about 850?1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and tropics. Together with the puzzling Hydrocera triflora, this genus makes up the family Balsaminaceae. Such a situation is highly unusual, and phylogenetic studies might reveal that Impatiens needs to be split up; some of its species might be closer to Hydrocera than to their presumed congeners. [more]
Incarvillea is a genus of 16 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to central and eastern Asia, with most of the species growing at high altitudes in the Himalaya and Tibet. The most familiar species is Incarvillea delavayi, a garden plant commonly known as "hardy gloxinia" or "Chinese trumpet flower". Unlike most other members of Bignoniaceae, which are usually trees or lianas, species of Incarvillea are stemless perennial herbs with fleshy tuberous roots. [more]
Inga is a of tropical trees and shrubs, member of the infrafamily Ingeae. Inga's leaves are pinnate, and flowers are generally white. Many of the hundreds of species are used ornamentally. [more]
Keckiella is a genus of plants in the . It includes several species of plants known commonly as keckiellas. A few species may be called beardtongues or penstemons because some keckiellas once belonged to genus Penstemon. Keckiellas are native to the American southwest, especially California. They bloom in attractive snapdragon-like flowers. Genus Keckiella was named after the American botanist David D. Keck. [more]
Kniphofia (Tritoma, Red hot poker, Torch lily, Poker plant) is a genus of plants in the family that includes 70 or more species native to Africa. Some species have been commercially used horticulturally and are commonly known for their bright, rocket-shaped flowers. [more]
Libocedrus is a genus of five species of trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to New Zealand and New Caledonia. The genus is closely related to the South American genera Pilgerodendron and Austrocedrus, and the New Guinean genus Papuacedrus, both of which are included within Libocedrus by some botanists; the four genera together form an example of the Antarctic flora distribution. These genera are rather similar to the Northern Hemisphere genera Calocedrus and Thuja: in earlier days, what is now Calocedrus was sometimes included in Libocedrus. They are much less closely related, as recently confirmed (Gadek et al. 2000). The generic name means "teardrop cedar", apparently referring to drops of resin. [more]
Privet was originally the name for the European semi-evergreen shrub Ligustrum vulgare, and later also for the more reliably evergreen Ligustrum ovalifolium (Japanese privet), used extensively for privacy hedging (hence "privet", private). The term is now used for all members of the genus Ligustrum, which includes about 40-50 species of evergreen, semi-evergreen or deciduous shrubs and small trees, native to Europe, north Africa, Asia and Australasia, with the centre of diversity in China, the Himalaya, Japan and Taiwan. They are placed in the olive family Oleaceae. [more]
Honeysuckles (Lonicera; syn. Caprifolium Mill.) are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Northern Hemisphere. There are about 180 species of honeysuckle, with by far the greatest diversity in China, where over 100 species occur; by comparison, Europe and North America have only about 20 native species each. Widely known species include Lonicera periclymenum (European Honeysuckle or Woodbine), Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle, or Chinese Honeysuckle) and Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, or Woodbine Honeysuckle). Hummingbirds are attracted to these plants. [more]
Lycopodium is a genus of clubmosses, also known as ground pines, in the family Lycopodiaceae, a family of fern-allies (see Pteridophyta). They are flowerless, vascular, terrestrial or epiphytic plants, with widely-branched, erect, prostrate or creeping stems, with small, simple, needle-like or scale-like leaves that cover the stem and branches thickly. The fertile leaves are arranged in cone-like strobilli. Specialized leaves (sporophylls) bear reniform spore-cases (sporangia) in the axils, which contain spores of one kind only. These club-shaped capsules give the genus its name. [more]
Matthiola (syn. Mathiola R.Br.) or stock is a genus of flowering plant. It is named after Pietro Andrea Mattioli. [more]
Myoporum is a genus of in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae (formerly placed in Myoporaceae). There are about 32 species within the genus, which is spread from Mauritius, across Australia to the Pacific Islands and up to China. [more]
Herbs perennial, scapose, from ovoid, tunicate bulbs. Leaves (1-) several; blade linear to ligulate, flat to semiterete, fleshy. Inflorescences umbellate in clusters of 2-20, or solitary, spathaceous; spathe 1-valved, enclosing buds, membranous or papery. Flowers pedicellate or sessile, erect or declinate, often fragrant; tepals 6, connate proximally, distinct and reflexed to ascending distally, yellow and/or white; perianth tube surmounted by a cupular to trumpetlike corona with margins often frilled; stamens 6, epitepalous, often of 2 lengths; filaments separate from corona; anthers basifixed; ovary inferior, 3-locular; style often exserted; stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruits capsular, 3-locular, papery to leathery, dehiscence loculidical. Seeds numerous, subglobose, often with elaiosomes; testa black. x = 7, 11. [more]
Nephrolepis is a genus of about 30 species of ferns in the family Lomariopsidaceae (included in Davalliaceae in some classifications). [more]
Nothofagus, also known as the southern beeches, is a genus of about 35 of trees and shrubs native to the temperate oceanic to tropical Southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east & southeast Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). Fossils have recently been found in Antarctica. [more]
Osmunda is a genus of primarily temperate-zone ferns of family Osmundaceae. Five to ten species have been listed for this genus. [more]
Shrubs deciduous or evergreen; buds small, with several narrow scales. Leaves imparipinnate; stipules linear to lanceolate; rachis narrowly winged; leaflets opposite, sessile or shortly petiolulate, small, margin entire. Corymb terminal, numerous flowered; bracts caducous. Hypanthium campanulate. Sepals 5. Petals 5, white. Stamens 20. Ovary inferior; 5-loculed, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 5, free. Fruit a small pome, with persistent erect sepals; seeds erect; cotyledons plano-convex. [more]
Oxalis is the largest genus in the wood sorrel family Oxalidaceae. Of the approximately 900 known species in the Oxalidaceae, 800 belong to Oxalis. Many of the species are known as Wood Sorrel or Woodsorrel. The genus occurs throughout most of the world, except for the polar areas; species diversity is particularly rich in tropical Brazil and Mexico and in South Africa. [more]
Pelargonium is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 200 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as scented geraniums or storksbills. Confusingly, Geranium is the correct botanical name of a separate genus of related plants often called Cranesbills. Both Geranium and Pelargonium are genera in the Family Geraniaceae. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L?H?ritier in 1789. Gardeners sometimes refer to the members of Genus Pelargonium as "pelargoniums" in order to avoid the confusion, but the older common name "geranium" is still in regular use, and most garden 'geraniums' are in fact 'pelargoniums', as opposed to true geraniums or cranesbill. [more]
New Zealand flax describes common perennial plants Phormium tenax and Phormium cookianum, known by the Maori names harakeke and wharariki respectively. They are quite distinct from the Northern Hemisphere plant known as flax (Linum usitatissimum), but the genus was given the common name 'flax' by Anglophone Europeans as it too could be used for its fibres. [more]
The butterworts are a group of comprising the genus Pinguicula. Members of this genus use sticky, glandular leaves to lure, trap, and digest insects in order to supplement the poor mineral nutrition they obtain from the environments. Of the roughly 80 currently known species, 12 are native to Europe, 9 to North America, and the rest are found in northern Asia, South and Central America and southern Mexico. [more]
Piper can mean: [more]
Pistacia is a genus of ten species in the family , native to the Canary Islands, northwest Africa, southern Europe, central and eastern Asia, and North America (Mexico, Texas). They are shrubs and small trees growing to 5–15 m tall. The leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, and can be either evergreen or deciduous depending on species. All species are dioecious. The genus is estimated to be about 80 million years old. [more]
Pittosporum is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Pittosporaceae. The genus is probably Gondwanan in origin; its present range extends from Australasia, Oceania, eastern Asia and some parts of Africa. [more]
Plagiogyria is a genus of in family Plagiogyriaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Trees or shrubs. Branchlets pubescent but glabrescent. Leaves alternate or opposite, sometimes closely clustered at end of branchlets or with flowers on dwarf shoots. Flowers bisexual or seldom unisexual, solitary or several in axillary clusters, usually bracteate, (4- or) 5(or 6) -merous. Calyx 5-lobed with a short tube, sepals imbricate or twisted. Corolla glabrous, rarely outside pubescent. Stamens 5, inserted in throat and opposite corolla lobes; staminodes petal-like, alternate to corolla lobes. Disk absent or cup-shaped, ringlike, usually pubescent. Ovary (4- or) 5(or 6) -locular. Fruit a berry, sometimes woody, 1--6-seeded. Seeds compressed ellipsoid; scar narrowly oblong and lateral. [more]
Platanus is a small genus of trees native to the Northern Hemisphere. They are the sole members of the family Platanaceae. [more]
Pleioblastus is a of monopodial bamboo. Genetic research indicates that this genus may properly be part of the genus Arundinaria. [more]
Pleiomeris is a genus of in family Myrsinaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Podocarpus (; from the Greek, podos, meaning "foot", and karpos, meaning "fruit") is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family Podocarpaceae. The 105 species of Podocarpus are evergreen shrubs or trees from 1-25 m (rarely to 40 m) in height. The leaves are 0.5-15 cm long, lanceolate to oblong, falcate (sickle-shaped) in some species, with a distinct midrib, and are arranged spirally, though in some species twisted to appear in two horizontal ranks. The cones have two to five fused scales, of which only one, rarely two, are fertile, each fertile scale with one apical seed. At maturity, the scales become berry-like, swollen, brightly colored red to purple and fleshy, and are eaten by birds which then disperse the seeds in their droppings. The male (pollen) cones are 5-20 mm long, often clustered several together. Many species, though not all, are dioecious. [more]
Polygala is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Polygalaceae, commonly known as milkwort or snakeroot. The genus includes herbaceous perennial plants, shrubs and small trees, and has a subcosmopolitan distribution. [more]
Portulaca (purslane) is the type genus of the purslane family Portulacaceae, comprising about 40-100 species (probably much fewer and potentially far far more) found in the tropics and warm temperate regions. It is also sometimes known as Rose Moss. [more]
Potamopyrgus is a genus of minute, freshwater with an operculum, aquatic gastropod molluscs or micromolluscs in the family Hydrobiidae. [more]
A pasque flower (or pasqueflower) is a deciduous perennial that is found in short clumps in meadows and prairies of North America and Eurasia. The genus Pulsatilla includes about 30 species, many of which are valued for their finely-dissected leaves, solitary bell-shaped flowers, and plumed seed heads. The anthers are bright yellow and the purple bell consists of sepals. [more]
Ribes is a genus of about 150 species of flowering plants, usually treated as the only genus in the family Grossulariaceae. The genus is native throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. [more]
Willows, sallows and osiers form the genus Salix, around 400 species of deciduous trees and shrubs, found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called osier, and some broader-leaved species are called sallow (the latter name is derived from the Latin word salix, willow). Some willows (particularly arctic and alpine species), are low-growing or creeping shrubs; for example the dwarf willow (Salix herbacea) rarely exceeds 6 cm in height, though spreading widely across the ground. [more]
Sarracenia " class="IPA">/?sær?'s?ni?/) is a comprising 8 to 11 species of North American pitcher plants. The genus belongs to the family Sarraceniaceae, which also contain the closely allied genera Darlingtonia and Heliamphora. [more]
Saxifraga is a plant genus with about 440 known species of perennials, making it the largest genus in the family Saxifragaceae. [more]
Schinus is a genus of trees in the family Anacardiaceae comprising the pepper trees, most notably Schinus molle, the Peruvian pepper tree and Schinus terebinthifolius, the Brazilian pepper tree or Christmas berry. The latter is a serious invasive species in at least Florida and Hawaii, and the former locally so in southern California and parts of the Mediterranean region. In fact, the species has increased more than tenfold in southern Florida over the past decade--as can be seen by IFAS's SRFer Mapserver. Other species are Schinus latifolius and Schinus montanus growing in Chile and Argentina. [more]
Scutellaria is a genus of about 300 species of plants commonly known as skullcaps. The genus is widespread in temperate regions and on tropical mountains. [more]
Spikemoss refers to any plant of the genus Selaginella in the family Selaginellaceae. Many workers still place the Selaginellales in the class Lycopsida (modern nomenclature: Lycopodiopsida). This group of plants are included in what, for convenience, is called "fern allies". [more]
Sequoiadendron giganteum (Giant Sequoia, Sierra Redwood, Wellingtonia or Big Tree) is the sole species in the genus Sequoiadendron, and one of three species of coniferous trees known as redwoods, classified in the family Cupressaceae in the subfamily Sequoioideae, together with Sequoia sempervirens (Coast Redwood) and Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood). [more]
Smilax is a genus of about 200 species of climbing flowering plants, many of which are woody and/or thorny in the monocotyledon family Smilacaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Common names include Catbrier, Greenbrier, Prickly-ivy, Sarsaparilla, Zarzaparrilla, Sarsparilla and Smilax. Occasionally, the non-woody species, like S. herbacea, are placed in the genus Nemexia. Smilax gets its name from the Greek myth Krokus/Crocus and the nymph Smilax. Though this myth has numerous forms, it always centers around the unfulfilled and tragic love of a mortal man who is turned into a flower, and a woodland nymph who is transformed into a brambly vine. [more]
The genus Sorbus is a genus of about 100-200 species of trees and shrubs in the subfamily Maloideae of the Rose family Rosaceae. The exact number of species is disputed considerably between different authorities, due to the number of apomictic microspecies, treated by some as distinct species, by others grouped in a much smaller number of variable species, and also depending on the circumscription of the genus. Recent treatments (Robertson et al. 1991, McAllister 2005) treat Sorbus in a narrower sense to include only the pinnate-leaved species of subgenus Sorbus, raising several of the other subgenera to generic rank. Species of Sorbus (s.l.) are commonly known as whitebeam, rowan, service tree, and mountain ash. [more]
Symplocaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Ericales, including only one genus, Symplocos, with about 250 species native to Asia, Australia and the Americas. [more]
Tacca is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the order Dioscoreales, native to tropical regions of Africa and southeastern Asia. In older texts, the genus was treated in its own family Taccaceae, but the 2003 APG II system incorporates it into the family Dioscoreaceae. [more]
Perennials. Stems elongated and twining or prostrate and creeping, rarely erect in some individuals. Leaves opposite. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, 1-flowered or in cymes. Flowers 5-merous. Calyx tube usually with 5 keeled ridges. Corolla tubular or broadly tubular, plicae present. Stamens inserted at basal part of corolla tube, unequal, apically recurved. Nectaries conspicuously developed, forming a collarlike disc surrounding base of ovary. Ovary 1-locular; ovules many. Style slender, slightly recurved; stigma linear, recurved at anthesis. Fruit a capsule or berry, many seeded. Seeds triquetrous to compressed, winged or wingless. [more]
Tritonia refers to a genus. The name derives from the god Triton. It may refer to: [more]
Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees comprising the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan. Many species and cultivars have also been introduced as ornamentals to parts of the Southern Hemisphere, notably Australasia. [more]
Viburnum (Viburnum) is a of about 150-175 species of shrubs or (in a few species) small trees that were previously included in the family Caprifoliaceae. Recent classifications, based on molecular phylogeny, put them in the family Adoxaceae. [more]
Viminaria juncea is the single species in the genus Viminaria endemic to . The genus is in the family Fabaceae. It is colloquially known as native broom after its resemblance to the related European Broom plants. [more]
Weigela is a small genus of about 12 species of shrubs in the family Caprifoliaceae, growing to 1-5 m tall. All are natives of eastern Asia. [more]
Zieria is a of plants in the Rutaceae family, all of which are native to Australia except for one species which is found in New Caledonia. The genus, which is closely related to the better known Boronia genus, is named for John Zier, a Polish botanist. [more]
At least 104 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Zieria.
More info about the Genus Zieria may be found here.
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