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Chlorophyta

(Phylum)

Overview

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(Gr. chloros: light green, greenish yellow; phyton: plant) A large phylum of algae, the members of which possess chlorophylls a and b, store food reserves as starch, and have cellulose cell walls. In these respects they resemble plants more closely than do any of the other algal phyla. The Chlorophyta are widely distributed and diverse in form. Unicellular forms may occur singly (sometimes with flagella for motility) or in colonies, while multicellular forms may be filamentous (e.g. Spirogyra) or platelike (e.g. Ulva).

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Phylum Chlorophyta is a member of the Kingdom Plantae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Chlorophyta:

The Phylum Chlorophyta is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Aclistocharaceae

[more]

Acrosiphoniaceae

[more]

Actinochloridaceae

Actinochloridaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Anadyomenaceae

In taxonomy, the Anadyomenaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Cladophorales. [more]

Aphanochaetaceae

In taxonomy, the Aphanochaetaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chaetophorales. [more]

Astermonadaceae

[more]

Boodleaceae

[more]

Borodinellaceae

[more]

Botryococcaceae

In taxonomy, the Botryococcaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Trebouxiophyceae. [more]

Bryopsidaceae

In taxonomy, the Bryopsidaceae are a family of algae, in the order Bryopsidales. [more]

Capsosiphonaceae

[more]

Carteriaceae

[more]

Caulerpaceae

In taxonomy, the Caulerpaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Chaetochloridaceae

[more]

Chaetophoraceae

In taxonomy, the Chaetophoraceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chaetophorales. [more]

Chaetosiphonaceae

In taxonomy, the Chaetosiphonaceae are a family of algae, in the order Bryopsidales. [more]

Characiaceae

Characiaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Characiochloridaceae

In taxonomy, the Characiochloridaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Characiosiphonaceae

Characiosiphonaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Chlamydomonadaceae

In taxonomy, the Chlamydomonadaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Chlamydomondaceae

[more]

Chlorangiaceae

[more]

Chlorangiellaceae

[more]

Chlorangiopsidaceae

[more]

Chlorellaceae

In taxonomy, the Chlorellaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlorellales. [more]

Chlorococcaceae

Chlorococcaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Chlorocystidaceae

In taxonomy, the Chlorocystidaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Ulotrichales. [more]

Chlorodendraceae

In taxonomy, the Chlorodendraceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlorodendrales. [more]

Chlorophyceae

Chlorosarcinaceae

[more]

Chlorosphaeraceae

[more]

Chlrococcaceae

[more]

Chroolepidaceae

[more]

Cladophoraceae

In taxonomy, the Cladophoraceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Cladophorales. This family includes notably marimo (A. linnaei), as well as the genus Chaetomorpha which has a few members used in saltwater aquariums. [more]

Cladophorophyceae

[more]

Clavatoraceae

[more]

Closteriaceae

The Closteriaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Desmidiales (desmids). [more]

Coccomyxaceae

Coccomyxaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Codiaceae

In taxonomy, the Codiaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Codiolaceae

[more]

Coelastraceae

A family of green algae in the order Chlorococcales. Colonial algae usually arranged 3 dimensionally in spherical to loosely spherical shapes. Individual cells connected to each other via cell wall extensions. Cells usually in an even number arrangement. Chloroplasts plate-like with 1 pyrenoid. Name derrived from coelom, in reference to the cavity created inside the sphere. . [more]

Collinsiellaceae

[more]

Ctenocladaceae

[more]

Cylindrocapsaceae

[more]

Dasycladaceae

The Dasycladaceae is one of the two families of algae of the order Dasycladales. When found in Palaeozoic limestones, they typically indicate depositional depth of less than 5m. [more]

Derbesiaceae

In taxonomy, the Derbesiaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Dichotomosiphonaceae

In taxonomy, the Dichotomosiphonaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Dichtomosiphonaceae

In taxonomy, the Derbesiaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Dicranochaetaceae

[more]

Dictyosphaeriaceae

Dictyosphaeriaceae is a family of green algae. It can reproduce either asexually by use of an autospore, or sexually by fertilization of an egg by sperm. It forms colonies which have a gelatinous coating. The four (or more?) daughter cells connect via filaments derived from the cell wall of the mother cell. The cell body is elliptical, spherical, or heart shaped. It has a single chloroplast which is plate-like or cup-shaped and contains a pyrenoid. [more]

Dunaliellaceae

In taxonomy, the Dunaliellaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Endosphaeraceae

Endosphaeraceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Enemosphaeraceae

[more]

Eremosphaeraceae

[more]

Gayraliaceae

[more]

Gloeococcaceae

[more]

Gloeocystaceae

[more]

Gomontiaceae

[more]

Goniaceae

Gonium is a genus of colonial algae, a member of the order Volvocales. Typical colonies have 4 to 16 cells, all the same size, arranged in a flat plate, with no anterior-posterior differentiation. In a colony of 16 cells, four are in the center, and the other 12 are on the four sides, three each. A description by G.M. Smith (1920, p. 94): [more]

Haematococcaceae

Haematococcaceae is a family of green algae in the order Volvocales. [more]

Halimedaceae

In taxonomy, the Halimedaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Halosphaeraceae

[more]

Heleochloridaceae

[more]

Hormotilaceae

Hormotilaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Hydrodictyaceae

Hydrodictyaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Hypnomonadaceae

Hypnomonadaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Jaoaceae

[more]

Karpinskyaceae

[more]

Kornmanniaceae

In taxonomy, the Kornmanniaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Ulvales. [more]

Mamiellaceae

In taxonomy, the Mamiellaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Mamiellales. [more]

Mesostigmataceae

[more]

Micractiniaceae

Micractiniaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Micromonadaceae

[more]

Microsporaceae

In taxonomy, the Microsporaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlorophyceae. [more]

Microthamniaceae

[more]

Monostromataceae

In taxonomy, the Monostromataceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Ulvales. [more]

Nautococcaceae

[more]

Nephroselmidaceae

[more]

Oedogoniaceae

[more]

Oocystaceae

Oocystaceae is a family of algae, in the order Oocystales. [more]

Ostreobiaceae

In taxonomy, the Ostreobiaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Palmellaceae

In taxonomy, the Palmellaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Tetrasporales. [more]

Palmellopsidaceae

[more]

Pedinomonadaceae

In taxonomy, the Pedinomonadaceae are a family of algae. They are small (less than 3 ?m) single-celled algae. Each cell has a single flagellum. It has been proposed to be either in the Mamiellales or the Ulvophyceae, but it has not been studied enough to confidently place it. [more]

Phacotaceae

In taxonomy, the Phacotaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Phaeophilaceae

In taxonomy, the Phaeophilaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Phaeophilales. [more]

Pleurastraceae

[more]

Polyblepharidaceae

[more]

Polyphysaceae

The Polyphysaceae is a taxonomic family of green algae, one of two families in the order Dasycladales. [more]

Porocharaceae

[more]

Prasiolaceae

In taxonomy, the Prasiolaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Prasiolales. [more]

Protosiphonaceae

[more]

Pseudocodiaceae

In taxonomy, the Pseudocodiaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Pseudoudoteaceae

[more]

Pycnococcaceae

In taxonomy, the Pycnococcaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Pseudoscourfieldiales. The defining features of this family include the single invagination of the pyrenoid where the mitochondrial membrane fits into it and the "decapore" - a ring of 10 pores through the thick cell wall. [more]

Pyramimonadaceae

[more]

Radiococcaceae

Radiococcaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Radiofilaceae

[more]

Rhodochytriaceae

[more]

Scenedesmaceae

A family of green algae in the order chlorococcales. Scenedesmus algae are commonly found in freshwater plankton. [more]

Schizogoniaceae

[more]

Schizomeridaceae

In taxonomy, the Schizomeridaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chaetophorales. [more]

Seletonellaceae

[more]

Siphonocladaceae

In taxonomy, the Siphonocladaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Cladophorales. [more]

Sphaeropleaceae

Sphaeropleaceae is a family of algae, in the order Chlorococcales. [more]

Sphondylomoraceae

[more]

Spondylomoraceae

In taxonomy, the spondylomoraceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Stellatocharaceae

[more]

Stephanosphaeraceae

[more]

Sycidiaceae

[more]

Tetrabaenaceae

In taxonomy, the Tetrabaenaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Chlamydomonadales. [more]

Tetracystaceae

[more]

Tetrasporaceae

In taxonomy, the Tetrasporaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Tetrasporales. [more]

Trentepholiaceae

[more]

Trentepohliaceae

[more]

Treubariaceae

[more]

Triploporellaceae

[more]

Trochiliscaceae

[more]

Udoteaceae

In taxonomy, the Udoteaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Bryopsidales. [more]

Ulotrichaceae

In taxonomy, the Ulotrichaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Ulotrichales. [more]

Ulvaceae

Ulvaceae is a family of green algae. [more]

Ulvellaceae

In taxonomy, the Ulvellaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Ulvales. [more]

Valoniaceae

In taxonomy, the Valoniaceae are a family of algae, specifically of the Cladophorales. [more]

Volvocaceae

The Volvocaceae are a family of unicellular or colonial biflagellates, including the typical genus Volvox. The family was named by Ehrenberg in 1834, and is known in older classifications as the Volvocidae. [more]

Witrockiellaceae

[more]

Wittrockiellaceae

[more]

More info about the Family Wittrockiellaceae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 25, 2014
2014/08/25 12:36:19