The Subfamily Campanuloideae is a member of the Family Campanulaceae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Campanuloideae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Plantae
Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
- Phylum: Tracheophyta Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981 - Green Plants
- Kingdom: Plantae Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
The Subfamily Campanuloideae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (20): Azorineae · Campanuleae · Canarineae · Codonopsideae · Cyanantheae · Echinocodoneae · Edraiantheae · Jasioneae · Manuleeae · Merciereae · Michauxieae · Musschieae · Oleeae · Ostrowskieae · Peracarpeae · Phyteumateae · Platycodoneae · Pris matocarpeae · Siphocodoneae · Wahlenbergieae
- Subtribe (1): Oleinae
- Genus (57): Adenophora · Astrocodon · Asyneuma · Azorina · Berenice · Campanula · Campanulastrum · Campelia · Canarina · Colophospermum · Craterocapsa · Cryptocodon · Cyananthus · Cylindrocarpa · Echinocodon · Edraianthus · Feeria · Gadellia · Githopsis · Gunillaea · Hanabusaya · Heterochaenia · Heterocodon · Homocodon · Hyssaria · Jamesbrittenia · Jasione · Legousia · Leptocodon · Merciera · Michauxia · Microcodon · Muehlbergella · Musschia · Namacodon · Nesocodon · Osmanthus · Ostrowskia · Peracarpa · Petromarula · Physoplexis · Phyteuma · Platycodon · Popoviocodonia · Prismatocarpus · Rhigiophyllum · Roella · Rotantha · Sergia · Siphocodon · Symphyandra · Theilera · Trachelium · Treichelia · Triodanis · Wahlenbergia · Zeugandra
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3,429 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Subfamily Campanuloideae.
Adenophora (Lilyleaf Ladybell) is a genus of flowering plant within the family Campanulaceae. Its prevalent common name is ladybells. Many of its species are quite similar to species of Campanula, from which they differ only through the presence of a tubular or glandular disc at the base of the style. Low foliage rosette, blue, bell-like flowers on stems, heat tolerant, July-Aug., height 24"-36", spread 12"-18". Use for border garden. Prefers well-drained soil. [more]
Azorina is a plant genus within the family Campanulaceae. The sole species, Azorina vidalli, which is native to the Azores, was formerly known as Campanula vidalii. [more]
Plants perennial or annual, erect trailing or decumbent, glabrous, pubescent, or hirsute. Leaves simple, alternate or forming rosettes at the base. Inflorescence 1-many flowered, with racemes or spikes. Flowers blue to purple or white. Sepals 5, with or without reflexed appendages between lobes; calyx tube adnate to the ovary, segments 5-lobed. Corolla campanulate, funnel-shaped or tubular. Stamens 5, free, filaments dilated at the base. Ovary 3-locular; style cylindrical; stigmas 3. Fruit a capsule, elongated to ovoid, obovoid or round, with membran¬ous walls; dehiscence by irregular pores at the bases or the sides. Seeds minute, numerous. [more]
American bellflower (Campanula americana) is a tall bellflower native to eastern North America from the Great Lakes region south to Florida and from the Dakotas east to New York. Its flowers are light blue to violet and usually form in elongated clusters. It is an unusual bellflower in that its flowers are usually flat and not bell-shaped. It has a varying life-history with seeds germinating in the fall producing annual plants and spring-germinating seeds producing biannual plants. It is generally insect-pollinated, and does not usually self-pollinate. [more]
Canarina is a genus of flowering plants within the family Campanulaceae. The best known species is C. canariensis from the laurel forests of the Canary Islands which is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant. Canarina canariensis is one of a group of unrelated Canarian plants that appear to be adapted for bird pollination, including the members of the genera Isoplexis and Lotus. It was once thought that the original pollinators of these plants were sunbirds which had become extinct on the Canary Islands, explaining why some of these species are rare and considered endangered (Vogel 1954; Vogel et al. 1984; Olesen 1985; Valido et al. 2004). However more recent work has shown that these plants are adequately pollinated by non-specialist flower visiting birds, particularly the Canary Island chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canariensis) and the Canary Island Spectacled Warbler (Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis) (Olesen 1985; Ollerton et al. 2008), and in fact show some specific adaptations to infrequent pollination by these birds, such as extended flower lifespans (Ollerton et al. 2008), and a hexose-dominated sugar ratio of the nectar (Dupont et al. 2004). [more]
The mopane or mopani (Colophospermum mopane) tree grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas, 200 to 1,150 metres (660 to 3,770 ft) in elevation, in the far northern parts of southern Africa, into South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Angola and Malawi. The tree only occurs in Africa and is the only species in genus Colophospermum. The species name mopane is taken from the local name for the tree. The mopane is in the legume family (Fabaceae). [more]
Githopsis is a small of flowering plants in the bellflower family which are known as bluecups. These are small annual wildflowers with white or purple white-throated blooms. Bluecups are native to western North America, especially California. There are four species within the genus. [more]
Jasione is a of flowering plants within the family Campanulaceae which are native to Europe. [more]
Namacodon is a genus of in family Campanulaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): [more]
Nesocodon is a genus of flowering plants within the family Campanulaceae. The sole species is Nesocodon mauritianus, formerly known as Wahlenbergia mauritiana, which is endemic to the island of Mauritius. It produces red-colored nectar, which is very uncommon in flowering plants, and is pollinated by birds. [more]
Osmanthus (Osmanthus) is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, mostly native to warm temperate Asia (from the Caucasus east to Japan) but one species (O. americanus) in North America (southeastern United States, Texas to Virginia). They range in size from shrubs to small trees, 2-12 m tall. The leaves are opposite, evergreen, and simple, with an entire, serrated or coarsely toothed margin. The flowers are produced in spring, summer or autumn, each flower being about 1 cm long, white, with a four-lobed tubular-based corolla ('petals'). The flowers grow in small panicles, and in several species have a strong fragrance. The fruit is a small (10-15 mm), hard-skinned dark blue to purple drupe containing a single seed. [more]
Phyteuma is a genus of about 40-45 species of in the family Campanulaceae, native to Europe and western Asia. The common name is Rampion. Rampion features prominently in some versions of the story of Rapunzel. In the Grimm's brothers' fairy tale "Rapunzel" it is noted that "rapunzel" is the name given to a local form of rampion. [more]
Platycodon grandiflorus is a of perennial flowering plant of the family Campanulaceae and the only member of the genus Platycodon (from Greek "p?at???d??", meaning 'a broad bell'). This species is known as platycodon or Chinese bellflower. Depending upon the region, it is also referred to as the Japanese bellflower, common balloon flower, or balloon flower. It is native to East Asia (such as China, Korea, Japan, and East Siberia) and bears big blue flowers, although varieties with white and pink flowers are in cultivation. In Korea, white flowers are more common. [more]
Symphyandra is a genus of 10-12 species of in the family Campanulaceae, mainly native to the eastern part of the Mediterranean region in Asia Minor, the Balkans, and Crete, but with one species in eastern Asia in Korea. The genus is closely related to Campanula, but has connate anthers (fused or joined in the same whorl), while Campanula species have separated anthers. They are mostly biennial (monocarpic) to short lived perennials. They have fleshy roots, with the leaves in a basal rosette, and alternately up the flowering stems. The basal leaves are commonly heart-shaped with toothed margins and covered with short hairs and have long petioles. The flowers are produced in racemes, corymbs or panicles, flowering throughout the summer; they are nodding, tubular bell shaped, colored white or blue. [more]
Triodanis is a of flowering plants within the family Campanulaceae. [more]
Wahlenbergia is a genus of between 150-270 species of in the family Campanulaceae, with a cosmopolitan distribution except for North America; the highest species diversity is in Africa and Australasia. Wahlenbergia species have dispersed widely, even to oceanic islands, and there are four species known from the island of St Helena, including the now extinct species W. roxburghii. [more]
More info about the Genus Zeugandra may be found here.
- E. Nasir "Campanula". in Flora of Pakistan . Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
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