A Phylum in the Kingdom Plantae.
The Phylum Bacillariophyta is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subphylum (1): Diatomeae
- Class (1): Bacillariophyceae
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,047 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Phylum Bacillariophyta.
Diatoms are a major group of algae, and are one of the most common types of phytoplankton. Most diatoms are unicellular, although they can exist as colonies in the shape of filaments or ribbons (e.g. Fragillaria), fans (e.g. Meridion), zigzags (e.g. Tabellaria), or stellate colonies (e.g. Asterionella). Diatoms are producers within the food chain. A characteristic feature of diatom cells is that they are encased within a unique cell wall made of silica (hydrated silicon dioxide) called a frustule. These frustules show a wide diversity in form, but usually consist of two asymmetrical sides with a split between them, hence the group name. Fossil evidence suggests that they originated during, or before, the early Jurassic Period. Diatom communities are a popular tool for monitoring environmental conditions, past and present, and are commonly used in studies of water quality. [more]
At least 9,436 species and subspecies belong to the Class Bacillariophyceae.
More info about the Class Bacillariophyceae may be found here.
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