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Apiaceae

(Family)

Overview

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Herbs, annual or perennial, rarely woody at base. Caulescent or acaulescent, stem hollow or solid. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or basal; petiole usually sheathing at base; stipules absent (except in subfam. Hydrocotyloideae) ; leaf blade compound or sometimes simple, usually much incised or divided, pinnatifid to pinnatisect, or ternate-pinnately decompound. Flowers epigynous, small, bisexual or staminate (unisexual male), regular, in simple or compound umbels; umbellules few to many-flowered; rays often subtended by bracts forming a involucre; umbellules (sometimes called umbellets) usually subtended by bracteoles forming an involucel. Pedicels long, short or obsolete (then forming a capitate umbellule) . Calyx tube wholly adnate to the ovary; calyx teeth (sometimes called sepals) small or obsolete, forming a ring around the top of the ovary. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, with one anatropous ovule in each locule. Styles 2, usually swollen at the base forming a stylopodium which often secretes nectar. Fruit dry, of two mericarps united by their faces (commissure), and usually attached to a central axis (carpophore), from which the mericarps separate at maturity; mericarps are variously flattened dorsally, laterally or terete; each mericarp has 5 primary ribs, one down the back (dorsal rib), two on the edges near the commissure (lateral ribs), and two between the dorsal and lateral ribs (intermediate ribs), occasionally with four secondary ribs alternating with the primary, the ribs filiform to broadly winged, thin or corky; vittae (oil-tubes) usually present in the furrow (intervals between the ribs sometimes called the valleculae) and on the commissure face, rarely also in the pericarp, sometimes obscure. Each mericarp 1-seeded, splitting apart at maturity. Seed face (commissural albumen) plane, concave to sulcate.

Between 250 and 440( 455) genera and 3300 3700 species: widely distributed in the temperate zone of both hemispheres, mainly in Eurasia and especially in C Asia; 100 genera (ten endemic) and 614 species (340 endemic) in China.[1]

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Apiaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Actinanthus

[more]

Adaglossum

[more]

Adarianta

[more]

Adenosciadium

Adenosciadium arabicum is a species of flowering plants of the Apiaceae family and the only species of genus Adenosciadium. It is endemic to Southwest Asia. [more]

Adorium

[more]

Aegokeras

Aegokeras caespitosa is a species of flowering plants of the Apiaceae family and the only species of genus Aegokeras. It is endemism to Turkey. [more]

Aegopodion

[more]

Aframmi

Aframmi is a genus of 2 species of plants in the Apiaceae family. They are both endemic to tropical Angola. [more]

Afrocarum

Afrocarum imbricatum is a species of flowering plants of the Apiaceae family and the only species of genus Afrocarum. It is endemic to tropical Africa. [more]

Afroligusticum

Afroligusticum chaerophylloides is a species of flowering plants of the Apiaceae family and the only species of genus Afroligusticum. It is endemic to tropical Africa. [more]

Afrosison

Afrosison is a genus of 3 species of plants in the Apiaceae family, all of which are endemic to tropical Africa. [more]

Agostana

[more]

Agrocharis

Agrocharis is a genus of 4 species of plants in the Apiaceae family, all of which are endemic to Africa. [more]

Albertia

[more]

Albovia

[more]

Alococarpum

Alococarpum erianthum is a species of flowering plant of the Apiaceae family and the only one in the genus Alococarpum. It is endemic to Iran. [more]

Alschingera

[more]

Alvardia

[more]

Ammiopsis

[more]

Ammios

[more]

Ammodaucus

Ammodaucus leucotrichus is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae family and the sole member of the genus Ammodaucus. It is endemic to northern Africa, including the Canary Islands. [more]

Ammoides

Ammoides is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, comprising 2 species. It is endemic to northern Africa and southern Europe. [more]

Andriana

Andriana is a title of nobility in Madagascar and often traditionally formed part of the names of kings, princes and nobles. Historically, many Malagasy ethnic groups lived in highly stratified caste-based social orders in which the andriana were the political and/or spiritual leaders. Among the Merina of the central highlands of Madagascar, the emergence of a noble class is attributed to its decree by King Andriamanelo (1540?1575), later subdivided into four sub-castes by King Ralambo (1575?1600) and eventually six sub-castes by King Andriamasinavalona (1675?1710). [more]

Angelocarpa

[more]

Angelophyllum

[more]

Anginon

Anginon is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 12 species. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Angoseseli

Angoseseli mossamedensis is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae and the only one of the genus Angoseseli. [more]

Anidrum

[more]

Anisactis

[more]

Anisopoda

Anisopoda bupleuroides is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae and the only one of the genus Anisopoda. It is endemic to Madagascar. [more]

Anisum

[more]

Annesorhiza

Annesorhiza is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with about 12 to 15 species. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Annesorrhiza

[more]

Anosmia

Anosmia " class="IPA">/n'?zmi?/) is a lack of functioning olfaction, or in other words, an inability to perceive odors. Anosmia may be either temporary or permanent. A related term, hyposmia, refers to a decreased ability to smell, while hyperosmia refers to an increased ability to smell. Some people may be anosmic for one particular odor. This is known as "specific anosmia". The absence of the sense of smell from birth is called Congenital Anosmia. [more]

Antriscus

[more]

Apinella

[more]

Apodicarpum

Apodicarpum ikenoi is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Apodicarpum. It is endemic to Japan. [more]

Arafoe

[more]

Archangelica

Herbs, perennial, stout. Stem hollow. Leaves large, 2-3-pinnatisect. Umbels compound, terminal or lateral; rays numerous; bracts and bracteoles several, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, elliptic to oblong, apex acuminate, inflexed. Stylopodium short conic, margin sinuolate. Fruit ellipsoid, flattened dorsally, glabrous; ribs all corky-winged, lateral wings slightly broader than dorsal, intervals broad; vittae many, moderate in size to small and almost encircling the seed. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[2] [more]

Archemora

[more]

Arctopus

Arctopus is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 3 species. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Arcuatopterus

Arcuatopterus is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 3 to 5 species. It is endemic to China. [more]

Arduina

In Celtic mythology, Arduinna (also Arduina, Arduinnae or Arduinne) was the eponymous goddess of the Ardennes Forest and region, represented as a huntress riding a boar (primarily in the present-day regions of Belgium and Luxembourg). Her cult originated in what is today known as Ardennes, a region of Belgium, Luxembourg and France. She was later assimilated into the Gallo-Roman mythology of goddess Diana. [more]

Armarintea

[more]

Arpitium

[more]

Arracacha

[more]

Artedia

Artedia squamata is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Artedia. It is native to Cyprus and Southwest Asia. [more]

Asciadium

Asciadium coronopifolium is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Asciadium. It is endemic to Cyprus and Cuba. [more]

Astoma

Astomaea is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 2 species. It is endemic to Southwest Asia. [more]

Astomaea

Astomaea is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 2 species. It is endemic to Southwest Asia. [more]

Astratia

[more]

Astydamia

Astydamia is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 2 species. It is endemic to Northwest Africa. [more]

Atenia

Atenia is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. [more]

Atirsita

[more]

Atrema

Bifora (B?-fo-ra) is a cosmopolitan genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 2 species. [more]

Aulacospermum

Aulacospermum is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 14 species. It is endemic to Central Asia and Eastern Europe. [more]

Aulospermum

[more]

Austropeucedanum

Austropeucedanum oreopansil is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Austropeucedanum. It is endemic to Argentina. [more]

Autumnalia

Autumnalia are two species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae family. It is endemic to the Middle East. [more]

Azilia

Azilia eryngioides is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Azilia. It is endemic to Iran. [more]

Babiron

[more]

Bakeros

[more]

Balansaea

[more]

Ballimon

[more]

Bancroftia

[more]

Baumiella

Afrocarum imbricatum is a species of flowering plants of the family and the only species of genus Afrocarum. It is endemic to tropical Africa. [more]

Bellia

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Biasolettia

[more]

Bilacunaria

Bilacunaria is a genus of in the Apiaceae, with 4 species. It is endemic to Southwest Asia and the Caucasus. [more]

Billburttia

[more]

Birostula

[more]

Blephixis

[more]

Bonannia

Bonannia resinifera is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Bonannia. It is endemic to southern Europe. [more]

Brachyapium

[more]

Brachyscias

Brachyscias verecundus is a species of in the Apiaceae recently described from Southwest Australia. It was given its own genus, Brachyscias. [more]

Brignolia

[more]

Bubon

[more]

Bulbocastanum

[more]

Buniella

Bunium is a species of in the Apiaceae, with 45 to 50 species. [more]

Buniotrinia

[more]

Buplevrum

[more]

Buprestis

Buprestis is a genus of beetles in the family Buprestidae, containing the following species: [more]

Bustillosia

Asteriscium is a genus of in the Apiaceae, with about 8 species. It is endemic to temperate South America. [more]

Butinia

[more]

Cachrydium

[more]

Cachyrys

[more]

Caldasia

[more]

Calestania

[more]

Callisace

[more]

Callistroma

[more]

Calosciadium

[more]

Calyptrosciadium

Calyptrosciadium polycladum is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Calyptrosciadium. It is endemic to Iran and Afghanistan. [more]

Campderia

[more]

Cannaboides

[more]

Capnophyllum

Capnophyllum africanum is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Capnophyllum. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Carlesia

Carlesia sinensis is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Carlesia. It is endemic to China. [more]

Caropodium

[more]

Caropsis

Caropsis verticillatoinundata is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Caropsis. It is endemic to Western Europe and Southwestern Europe. [more]

Caroselinum

[more]

Carota

The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus, Etymology: from Late Latin carota, from Greek ?a??t?? karoton, originally from the Indo-European root ker- (horn), due to its horn-like shape) is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist. It has a crisp texture when fresh. The most commonly eaten part of a carrot is a taproot, although the greens are edible as well. It is a domesticated form of the wild carrot Daucus carota, native to Europe and southwestern Asia. The domestic carrot has been selectively bred for its greatly enlarged and more palatable, less woody-textured edible taproot. [more]

Carpotheca

[more]

Carvi

[more]

Cassidocarpus

[more]

Caucaliopsis

Agrocharis is a genus of 4 of plants in the Apiaceae family, all of which are endemic to Africa. [more]

Celeri

[more]

Cenolophium

Cenolophium fischeri is a Eurasian species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Cenolophium. [more]

Centhriscus

[more]

Cephalopodum

Cephalopodum is a genus of in the Apiaceae, with 2 species. It is endemic to the Middle East. [more]

Cerefolium

[more]

Cervaria

[more]

Cesatia

Trachymene is a genus of herbs in the family Apiaceae. The species are native to Australia, Malesia, New Caledonia and Fiji. [more]

Chabrea

[more]

Chaerefolium

[more]

Chaerophyllopsis

Chaerophyllopsis huai is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Chaerophyllopsis. It is endemic to China. [more]

Chaetosciadium

Chaetosciadium trichospermum is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only species of the genus Chaetosciadium. It is endemic to Southwest Asia and northern Africa. [more]

Chamaele

Chamaele tenera is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only species of the genus Chamaele. It is endemic to Japan. [more]

Chamaemyrrhis

[more]

Chamaesium

Chamaesium is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, with 5 to 8 species. It is endemic to Central Asia, China and India. [more]

Chamarea

Chamarea is a genus of in the Apiaceae, with 5 species. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Chamitis

[more]

Changium

Changium smyrnioides is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, of the monotypic genus Changium. It is endemic to the Yangtze Basin of China. [more]

Chlaenosciadium

Chlaenosciadium gardneri is a species of in the Apiaceae, of the monotypic genus Chlaenosciadium. It is endemic to the Western Australia. [more]

Chlevax

[more]

Chondrocarpus

[more]

Choritaenia

Choritaenia capensis is a species of in the Apiaceae, of the monotypic genus Choritaenia. It is endemic to southern Africa. [more]

Chrysophae

Chaerophyllum is a genus of in the Apiaceae, with 35 species. It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa. [more]

Chrysosciadium

[more]

Chuanminshen

Chuanminshen violaceus is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, of the monotypic genus Chuanminshen. It is endemic to China. [more]

Ciclospermum

Ciclospermum (also, Cyclospermum) is a small genus of plants in the family . There are three species, including the well-known weed Ciclospermum leptophyllum, the marsh parsley or fir-leafed celery. [more]

Cicutaria

[more]

Cnidiocarpa

Cnidiocarpa is a genus of in the Apiaceae, native to the Caucasus and Southwest Asia. It has two species. [more]

Coaxana

Coaxana is a genus of in the Apiaceae, native to North and Central America. It has two species. [more]

Coelopleurum

Herbs, perennial. Stem hollow. Leaves 23-pinnate or 23-ternate-pinnate, sheaths inflated. Umbels compound, terminal or lateral. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, long-elliptic, apex inflexed. Stylopodium short-conic, margin often sinuolate. Fruit ellipsoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, slightly flattened dorsally, glabrous; ribs all broad, thickly winged, lateral ribs slightly broader than the dorsal or nearly equal; vittae 13 in each furrow, 24 on commissure. Seed face plane or concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[3] [more]

Cogswellia

[more]

Colladonia

[more]

Coloptera

[more]

Condylocarpus

[more]

Coristospermum

Coritospermum

[more]

Cortia

Herbs, perennial, acaulescent or shortly caulescent, ascending, rosette but rarely closely appressed to soil surface. Taproot stout, vertical, elongate. Stem base densely clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves petiolate; blade 2-3-pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear. Umbels compound, solitary terminal umbel usually sessile, appearing as a cluster of simple umbels, lateral umbels few to several, pedunculate, obviously compound; bracts and bracteoles few to several, foliaceous, 1-2-pinnate, ultimate segments linear; rays numerous, very unequal. Calyx teeth conspicuous, linear or lanceolate, unequal. Petals white, purplish to deep purple, obovate, costa yellowish, apex inflexed, acute. Fruit dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs filiform, prominent, narrowly winged, lateral broadly winged, wings more than 2 × width of dorsal wings; vittae 1-2 in each furrow, 2-4 on commissure. Seed face slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[4] [more]

Cortiella

Herbs, perennial, low, acaulescent or shortly caulescent, usually forming compact rosettes closely appressed to soil surface. Tap root stout, vertical. Stem base densely clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves petiolate; blade oblong, 2-3-pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear. Umbels compound, solitary terminal umbel usually sessile, appearing as a cluster of simple umbels, lateral umbels few, pedunculate, obviously compound; bracts many, foliaceous, 1-2-pinnate; rays 10-15; bracteoles numerous, linear or apex 3-lobed. Calyx teeth prominent, linear-lanceolate or triangular-acuminate, unequal. Petals ovate, entire or emarginate, apex narrowly inflexed. Fruit pale yellow or purplish tinged when mature, flat-globose, dorsally compressed, cordate at both ends; ribs broadly winged, wings corky-spongy, unequal, lateral wings usually broader than dorsal; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[5] [more]

Cotylonia

[more]

Coulterophytum

[more]

Coxella

Aciphylla is a genus of about 40 of plants in the Apiaceae family, endemic to New Zealand and Australia. They generally grow as tall spikes surrounded by rosettes of stiff, pointed leaves. [more]

Crantzia

[more]

Crantziola

Cremastosciadium

Crenosciadium

Creonana

[more]

Critamus

Cryptotaeniopsis

[more]

Ctenodaucus

Cumimum

[more]

Cyclorhiza

Herbs perennial, glabrous. Taproots stout, branched near stem into a cluster of several long, woody, carrot-like roots with prominent annular scars when old. Stem fistulose, erect, branched above, base clothed in purplish-brown remnant sheaths. Basal leaves petiolate, 4-pinnatisect; petiole narrowly sheathing at base; ultimate segments linear or linear-elliptic. Umbels loose, compound; peduncles terminal and lateral, stout, branching, mostly longer than leaves; bracts and bracteoles absent (bracts occasionally present, few) ; rays few to numerous. Calyx teeth minute, triangular. Petals yellow or greenish-yellow, irregular square, obovate suborbicular, median line dark, apex narrowly inflexed. Stylopodium broadly low-conic, disk crenulate; styles short, reflexed. Fruit ovoid or ellipsoid, slightly laterally compressed; mericarps subpentagonal in cross section; ribs 5, filiform, prominent, acute-ridged, almost narrowly winged; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face deeply sulcate or concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[6] [more]

Cynapium

[more]

Cynomarathrum

[more]

Cynorhiza

Cynorrhiza

Cyssopetalum

Czernaevia

Herbs, biennial. Stem hollow, thinly ribbed, essentially glabrous, scabrous below umbel. Leaves petiolate, sheaths inflated; blade 2-pinnatisect. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts 1, deciduous; bracteoles 3-5. Calyx teeth obsolete or minute, triangular. Petals white, apex incurved, outer petals conspicuously enlarged. Fruit suborbicular or broad-ovoid, dorsally compressed, glabrous; dorsal ribs prominent, lateral ribs broad-winged; vittae 3-5 in each furrow, 4-10 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[7] [more]

Dactylaea

Dahliaphyllum

Danaa

Dasispermum

Dasyloma

Daucalis

Daucophyllum

Daucus

Daucus is a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Apiaceae of which the best-known species is the cultivated carrot. [more]

Demavendia

Deringa

Dethawia

[more]

Deverra

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Deweya

[more]

Diaphycarpus

Diaphyllum

Diatropa

Dichopetalum

Dichoropetalum

Dichosciadium

[more]

Dickinsia

Herbs annual or biennial, glabrous. Rootstock short and thick, roots fibrous, fasciculate. Stem erect, smooth, unbranched, leafless. Leaves long-petiolate; petiole expanded at base into short sheath; blade orbicular or reniform. Inflorescence terminal; umbels simple; bracts 2, foliaceous. Calyx teeth minute or obsolete. Petals ovate, flat, apex obtuse. Stylopodium conic; styles very short. Fruit rectangular-cubic, flattened dorsally; dorsal rib filiform, prominent, intermediate ribs obscure, lateral ribs winged; vittae obscure. Seed face plane. Carpophore shortly bifid at the apex, persistent.[8] [more]

Didiscus

Trachymene is a genus of herbs in the family Apiaceae. The species are native to Australia, Malesia, New Caledonia and Fiji. [more]

Dimetopia

Dimorphosciadium

Diplapsis

Diplaspis

[more]

Diplolophium

Diposis

Dipterygia

Discopleura

Diserneston

Distichoselinum

Dolpojestella

Domeykoa

Dondia

[more]

Donnellsmithia

[more]

Dracosciadium

Dregea

Lianas. Inflorescences umbel-like clusters of cymules; peduncle and pedicels long and slender. Sepals overlapping, with 5 basal glands. Corolla rotate to shallowly bowl-shaped, deeply 5-divided; lobes overlapping to right. Corona lobes 5, ± spreading, thick fleshy, adnate to stamens, outer angle obtuse or rectangular, interior angle produced into an acute tooth incumbent to anthers. Anthers with membranous apical appendages; pollinia 2 per pollinarium, oblong, erect. Stigma head umbonate or thick conical. Follicles widely divergent, thick, finely longitudinally ribbed or corrugate, not winged [or winged]. Seeds comose.[9] [more]

Drudeophytum

Drymoscias

Ducrosia

Durieua

Dystaenia

Edosmia

[more]

Elaeochytris

Elaeopleurum

Enantiophylla

[more]

Endressia

[more]

Epallageiton

[more]

Eremodaucus

Eriocalia

Eriocycla

Herbs perennial, usually pubescent throughout. Taproot stout, long-cylindrical, woody. Stem sparingly branched from base, erect or caespitose, base often woody, densely clothed in fibrous or tough remnant sheaths. Leaves mostly basal, petiolate, petioles slender, base sheathing; blade 1-2-pinnate; ultimate segments entire or pinnatifid. Leaves rapidly reduced upwards, stem upper parts almost leafless. Inflorescence branching, umbels compound, lax, terminal; bracts few, linear, inconspicuous, or absent; rays few, (2-) 3-6(-10), unequal, widely divergent; bracteoles 4-10, linear. Calyx teeth minute, triangular, often obscured by dense hairs. Petals white or yellowish-white, rarely purple, ovate or obovate, base cuneate, apex incurved, notched; usually abaxially pubescent. Ovary densely pubescent. Stylopodium low-conic, margin undulate; styles long, reflexed. Fruit oblong-ovoid, slightly laterally compressed, constricted at commissure, rounded at base, densely white-pubescent; ribs 5, filiform, often obscured by the hairs; vittae large, 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-parted.[10] [more]

Eriosciadium

Eriosynaphe

Erynginum

[more]

Eryngium

Eryngium is a genus of about 230 species of annuals and perennials with hairless and usually spiny leaves, and dome-shaped umbels of flowers resembling those of thistles. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, with the centre of diversity in South America. Some species are native to rocky and coastal areas, but the majority are grassland plants. Common names include Sea-holly and Eryngo, the former typically being applied to coastal species, and the latter to grassland species. [more]

Erythroselinum

Eulophus

[more]

Euryangium

Ezosciadium

Feoniculum

Fergania

Ferula

Ferula (from Latin ferula, "rod") is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1?4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are yellow, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense. [more]

Ferulopsis

Fiebera

Fischera

Fragosa

Franchetella

[more]

Freyera

[more]

Frommia

Galagania

Galbanum

Gasparinia

[more]

Gaytania

Geocaryum

Gingidia

[more]

Gingidium

Glaucosciadium

[more]

Glia

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Gliopsis

Globocarpus

Glochidopleurum

Glochidotheca

Glycosma

[more]

Golatta

Golenkinianthe

Gomphopetalum

Grafia

[more]

Guillonea

Gymnophyton

[more]

Gymnosciadium

Gynophyge

Haenselera

Hallomuellera

Haloscias

Halosciastrum

Hansenia

Haplosciadium

[more]

Haplosphaera

Herbs, perennial. Stem terete, erect, fluted, glabrous, branched above, hollow. Basal and lower leaves long-petiolate, sheath membranous and clasping; blade broad-triangular or triangular-ovate, ternate-pinnate; ultimate segments irregularly dentate or serrate. Leaves reduced upwards. Flowers densely crowded into a compact, globose heads, inflorescence appearing simple, umbels terminal and lateral; bracts several, subulate to linear-lanceolate, entire. Calyx teeth minute, ovate-triangular. Petals dark brown or purplish brown, obovate apex narrowly inflexed, or spoon-shaped, apex acute. Stylopodium depressed; styles short. Fruit obovoid-oblong or long-ellipsoid, glabrous, slightly dorsally compressed; ribs conspicuous to narrow-winged; vittae (1-) 3 in each furrow, 3-6 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore not seen.[11] [more]

Harperia

[more]

Harrysmithia

Herbs annual, slender, essentially glabrous. Taproot slender. Basal leaves 2-3-pinnately dissected. Cauline leaves reduced upwards, sometimes heteromorphic; ultimate segments thin, elongate. Umbels terminal and lateral; bracts absent, occasionally 1; bracteoles few. Flowers bisexual. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, apex with incurved lobule. Stylopodium low-conic; style ca. 2 × stylopodium, spreading or reflexed. Fruit ovoid-globose, slightly flattened dorsally, surface sparsely verucose or papillose; mericarps subpentagonal in cross section, commissure constricted; ribs prominent or narrowly winged, wings equal, usually erose, margins irregular denticulate or entire, furrows rather broad; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face sub-plane. Carpophore bifid at apex.[12] [more]

Hasselquistia

Haussknechtia

Heliosciadium

[more]

Hellenocarum

Helosciadium

[more]

Heptaptera

[more]

Heterachaena

Heteroptilis

Heterosciadium

Heterotaenia

Hippaton

Hippomarathrum

[more]

Hladnikia

[more]

Holandrea

Homalocarpus

Homalosciadium

Homopteryx

Huanaca

[more]

Huegelia

Huetia

Hyalolaena

Herbs, perennial. Root turnip-shaped or fusiform, woody. Stem single, rarely 2, erect, profusely branched, base clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves petiolate; blade oblong-ovate, 13-pinnate. Upper leaves reduced, 1-pinnate or 3-lobed, sessile on expanded sheaths. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts 5, margins broad membranous; rays unequal; bracteoles 5, similar to bracts. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, obovate, base cuneate, apex notched with small incurved lobule. Stylopodium conic; styles ca. equal to stylopodium, divergent or reflexed. Fruit oblong-ovoid, somewhat dorsally compressed, commissure broad; ribs filiform or scabridulous; vittae solitary or 34 in each furrow, 2 or 610 on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly convex. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[13] [more]

Hydrocotile

Hymenolaena

[more]

Hymenolyma

Ifdregea

Imperatoria

[more]

Indoschulzia

Isophyllum

[more]

Johreniopsis

Kadenia

Kafirnigania

Kailashia

Kalakia

Kandaharia

Karatavia

Karnataka

Karos

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Katapsuxis

Kedarnatha

Kelussia

Keramocarpus

Keraymonia

Killinga

Kitagawia

[more]

Klotzschia

[more]

Kozlovia

Kreidion

Krubera

Kundmannia

[more]

Lacellia

Lacis

Filet lace (also known as Embroidery on Knotted Net, Lacis, Filet Brodé and Poinct Conté) is a Needle lace created by darning on a ground of knotted net or netting. [more]

Ladyginia

Lalldhwojia

Lampra

Trachymene is a genus of herbs in the family Apiaceae. The species are native to Australia, Malesia, New Caledonia and Fiji. [more]

Langlassea

Laoberdes

Lappularia

Laser

A laser is a device that emits (electromagnetic radiation) through a process called stimulated emission. The term laser is an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. Laser light is usually spatially coherent, which means that the light either is emitted in a narrow, low-divergence beam, or can be converted into one with the help of optical components such as lenses. Typically, lasers are thought of as emitting light with a narrow wavelength spectrum ("monochromatic" light). This is not true of all lasers, however: some emit light with a broad spectrum, while others emit light at multiple distinct wavelengths simultaneously. The coherence of typical laser emission is distinctive. Most other light sources emit incoherent light, which has a phase that varies randomly with time and position. [more]

Lechleria

Lefeburia

Lefebvrea

Leiotelis

Leiotulus

Lepiselinum

Leptocaulis

[more]

Leptotaenia

[more]

Leuceres

Leucolaena

Leutea

Libanotis

Herbs rarely subshrubs, perennial, stout, sometimes small, rarely acaulescent. Taproot conic, unbranched, caudex simple, rarely branched, woody. Stem often strongly angled and fluted, base densely clothed with fibrous leaf remains. Basal leaves 1-4-pinnate or 1-4-pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear, ovate or lanceolate, entire or lobed. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts few to numerous or absent; rays numerous to few; bracteoles several, linear or lanceolate. Calyx teeth conspicuous, linear, triangular or elliptic. Petals white, rarely pinkish, ovate or obcordate, apex narrow, inflexed. Stylopodium low-conic, margins often undulate at the base. Fruit ovoid or oblong, slightly to moderately dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs filiform, low or prominent, acute-ridged, lateral ribs sometimes slightly broader; vittae 1-2(-3) in each furrow, 2-4 (rarely 6-8) on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore entire or 2-parted.[14] [more]

Lichtensteinia

[more]

Lignocarpa

[more]

Ligustcum

Ligusticella

Ligusticopsis

[more]

Lingusticum

Lipskya

Lithosciadium

Herbs glabrous, perennial, monocarpic. Rootstock vertical, branched. Stem solitary, branched from the base, hollow, ribbed, base clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves long-petiolate; blade 1-2-pinnatisect; terminal segments broadly ovate to obovate. Stem leaves reduced upwards. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts few; bracteoles numerous, linear, entire, connate at base. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals greenish, emarginate, apex inflexed. Stylopodium flat, deeply lobed; styles reflexed. Fruit oblong, slightly dorsally compressed, glabrous; ribs ridged, subequal; commissure narrow; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[15] [more]

Lomatocarpa

Lomatocarum

Lomatopodium

Lophocachrys

Lophosciadium

Lophotaenia

Luerssenia

Macrochlaena

Macrosciadium

Macroselinum

Magadania

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Magydaris

[more]

Mandenovia

Margotia

Maspeton

Mastigosciadium

Mathiasella

[more]

Mediasia

Meeboldia

Herbs perennial, essentially glabrous (scabrescent around nodes and at ends of peduncles and rays). Stem erect, branched above, striate. Leaves petiolate, sheathing; blade broadly deltoid, 3-pinnate/pinnatifid; pinnae 49 pairs, leaflets deeply pinnate-lobed, serrate. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral, large; terminal peduncle long and thick; bracts 13 or 0; rays many, unequal, quadrangular, scabrid at the angles; bracteoles many, narrow; umbellules many-flowered. Flowers polygamous. Calyx teeth large, conspicuous, lanceolate-subulate. Petals obovate, white, medial rib yellow, apex narrow inflexed, base clawed. Stylopodium conic, about equaling the calyx teeth; styles recurved. Fruit narrowly ovoid, tapering toward the apex, slightly flattened laterally, glabrous; ribs filiform; vittae 23 in each furrow, 4 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore 2-parted.[16] [more]

Melanosciadum

Melanoselinum

[more]

Meliocarpus

Meopsis

Meringogyne

Mesodiscus

[more]

Meum

[more]

Micrangelia

Microsciadium

Azorella t. minima [more]

Microselinum

Mogoltavia

Molopospermum

[more]

Molospermum

Mozaffariania

Muitis

Muretia

Museniopsis

[more]

Musenium

Musineon

[more]

Musineum

[more]

Mutellina

Mylinum

Myrrhodes

Myrrhoides

[more]

Narthex

Nematosciadium

Neoconopodium

Neocryptodiscus

Neogaya

Neogoezia

[more]

Neonelsonia

[more]

Neoparrya

[more]

Neopaulia

Neoplatytaenia

Nigera

Niphogeton

Niphogeton is a genus of in the Apiaceae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Nothosmyrnium

Herbs, perennial. Taproot stout. Basal leaves petiolate, petioles sheathing; blade 13-pinnate or ternate-12-pinnate. Cauline leaves gradually reduced upwards, 1-pinnate or 3-lobed, smaller, sessile on expanded sheaths. Inflorescence branching; umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts and bracteoles present, entire, membranous; rays unequal; umbellules many-flowered; pedicels unequal. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, oblong, broadly ovate or subcordate, base cuneate, apex scarcely incurved, outer petals slightly larger (radiant). Stylopodium conic; styles reflexed. Fruit ovoid, slightly dorsally compressed, constricted at the commissure; dorsal and intermediate ribs filiform, lateral ribs obscure, surface glabrous or pilose; vittae 12 or 36 in each furrow, 2 or 48 on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to the base.[17] [more]

Notiosciadium

Notopterygium

Herbs perennial. Root woody; caudex usually stout-tuberous, aromatic. Stem hollow, terete, erect, often purplish, especially at base. Leaves 2-3-ternate-pinnate or pinnatisect; petiolate, sheaths membranous, clasping; ultimate segments oblong or oblong-ovate. Umbels loose compound, terminal and lateral; bracts few, deciduous; bracteoles few to many, linear or pinnatifid. Calyx teeth minute, ovate-triangular, deciduous in fruit. Petals pale yellow to whitish, ovate or ovate-orbicular. Stylopodium conic or low-conic; styles short, reflexed. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid or subglobose, slightly flattened dorsally; ribs 5, all broadly winged, sometimes somewhat unequally; commissure constricted; vittae 3-4 in each furrow, 4-6 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore 2-cleft.[18] [more]

Ochotia

Odontea

Oedibasis

[more]

Opoidia

Opoponax

Opsicarpium

Oreochorte

Oreocome

[more]

Oreocomopsis

Herbs, perennial. Stem solitary, base clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves 2-4-pinnate; ultimate segments lanceolate or rhombic, margins dentate. Bracts several, similar to the upper cauline leaves, pinnate, rarely entire; bracteoles linear or filiform, 2-3 × umbellules, reflexed. Calyx obsolete. Petals oblanceolate or obovate, base cuneate, apex acuminate, incurved. Stylopodium conical; styles short, reflexed. Fruit ovoid, scarcely dorsally compressed, glabrous, commissure narrow; ribs prominent, winged, wings on lateral ribs broader; vittae (1-) 2-3 in each furrow, 4-6 on commissure. Seed face slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[19] [more]

Oreoschimperella

Oreosciadium

[more]

Oreoselinum

[more]

Oreoselis

Oreotelia

Oreoxis

[more]

Ormopterum

Ormosciadium

Ormosolenia

Oschatzia

Osmorrhiza

[more]

Ostericum

Herbs, perennial. Stem hollow, ribbed. Petiole sheaths inflated; leaf blade 23-ternate-pinnate. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts few, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate; bracteoles several, linear to linear-lanceolate. Calyx teeth conspicuous, triangular or ovate. Fruit oblong-ovoid, base cordate, flattened dorsally; surface covered with many convex and shining dots; dorsal ribs prominent, the lateral broadly thin-winged; vittae 13 in each furrow, 28 on commissure; mesocarp thin, hollow in mature fruit. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[20] [more]

Ostruthium

Ottoa

[more]

Oxypalis

Ozodia

[more]

Ozotrix

Pachiloma

Pachyctenium

Pachypleurum

Herbs, perennial. Taproot stout, usually branched. Stem single or multicipital, usually short, sometimes acaulescent, base densely clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves 23-pinnate or ternate-23-pinnate. Umbels compound, terminal sessile, laterals pedunculate; bracts several, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate; rays 540; bracteoles lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, entire or 12-pinnate. Calyx teeth prominent, triangular or lanceolate. Petals white or purple, oblong-ovate or cordate-ovate, base cuneate or shortly clawed, apex notched with small incurved lobule. Stylopodium conic or subglobose; styles longer than stylopodium. Fruit oblong-ovoid, ovoid or broadly ovoid, dorsally compressed; ribs all winged, subequal; vittae 1(2) in each furrow, 2(4) or absent on commissure. Seed face plane.[21] [more]

Palimbia

Pancicia

Paraligusticum

Paraselinum

Parasilaus

Pastinacopsis

Paulita

Pectinaria

Pectinaria may refer to: [more]

Pectophytum

Pedinopetalum

[more]

Pentapeltis

Perfoliata

Perissocoeleum

Petagnia

[more]

Petroedmondia

Petrosciadium

Petroselinum

Petroselinum (parsley) is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to western and southern Europe and northern Africa. They are bright green hairless biennial herbaceous plants, rarely annual plants. In the first year, they form a rosette of pinnate to tripinnate leaves and a tap root used as a food store over the winter, in the second year growing a flowering stem up to 1 m tall with sparser leaves and umbels of white or pinkish to yellowish-green flowers. [more]

Peucedanon

Phaiosperma

Phanerotaenia

Phellandrium

[more]

Phellolophium

Phellopterus

[more]

Phlojodicarpus

Herbs, perennial. Caudex stout, woody, digitally branched. Stem angled, fluted, base usually clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves numerous, sheaths scarious-margined; blade 23-pinnatisect; ultimate segments narrow. Umbels compound, terminal; bracts and bracteoles several to numerous, sometimes deciduous. Calyx teeth lanceolate or linear. Petals white to purplish tinged, obovate, emarginate, base clawed, apex narrow, inflexed. Stylopodium low-conic; styles erect when young, reflexed in fruit. Fruit oblong or ellipsoid, strongly dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs rounded, very prominent, lateral ribs broadly corky-winged; pericarp thickened and corky; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure (Chinese species), sometimes obsolete. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[22] [more]

Phlyctidocarpa

Physocaulus

[more]

Physolophium

Physospermopsis

Herbs perennial, glabrous. Taproot usually long, conic. Stem ribbed, base covered with fibrous sheath remnants. Leaf blade obovate-lanceolate, broadly triangular to oblong, 12-pinnate, rarely entire. Umbels terminal and lateral; bracts many, prominent, leaf-like, base entire, apex 3-lobed or pinnate; bracteoles present, entire or 3-lobed to pinnate. Calyx teeth minute or inconspicuous. Petals obovate, white, yellowish or dark purple, base shortly claw-like, apex obtuse-rounded or with shortly inflexed tips. Stylopodium flattened, margin sinuolate; styles about as long as stylopodium. Fruit ovoid to broadly ovoid, base slightly cordate, apex gradually narrowed, slightly flattened laterally, young fruits usually emerald green; ribs 5, filiform, prominent; vittae 23 in each furrow, 24 on commissure. Seed face plane to concave. Carpophore parted at apex.[23] [more]

Physotrichia

[more]

Pilopleura

Pimpinele

Pinda

Pituranthos

[more]

Platyrhaphe

[more]

Platysace

Platysace is a of plants in the family Apiaceae (= Umbelliferae). [more]

Platyspermum

[more]

Pleurospermopsis

Herbs biennial or perennial, aromatic when crushed. Taproot stout. Stems stout, erect, solitary, sparingly branched above, bases clothed with papery remnant sheaths. Leaves mostly basal, petiolate; petiole abruptly and broadly sheathing at base; blade pinnate, stiffly subcoriaceous; pinnae ovate or suborbicular, margin coarse-serrate, subsessile. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts several, obovate, lobed, stiffly papery, apex coarsely toothed; rays few, short; umbellules crowded; bracteoles prominent, similar to bracts, rigid, longer than and fringing the flowers, persistent and remaining spreading after fruiting. Calyx teeth small, triangular-acute, persistent in fruit. Petals broadly oblong-obovate, deep red-purple or purple-black, apex shortly incurved. Stylopodium flat-domed; styles slightly longer than stylopodium. Fruit narrowly oblong, slightly compressed laterally, glabrous; ribs prominent, narrowly winged; vittae 1-2 in each furrow, 4 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore 2-parted.[24] [more]

Podagraria

Podosciadium

Polemannia

[more]

Polyzygus

Porphyroscias

Portenschlagia

[more]

Portenschlagiella

[more]

Pozoa

Pozopsis

Prionoscadium

Prionosciadium

[more]

Prionosciadum

[more]

Psammogeton

Pseudocarum

Pseudopteryxia

[more]

Pseudorlaya

[more]

Pseudoselinum

Pternopetalum

Herbs, annual or perennial. Taproots fusiform. Stem erect. Basal leaves petiolate, sheaths ovate. Cauline leaves similar or heteromorphic to the basal, smaller or absent. Inflorescence branching or unbranched, branches bearing terminal umbels; bracts usually absent; rays 4 40, unequal, erect to ascending in flower, spreading widely and lengthening in fruit; bracteoles 1 4, linear-lanceolate, unequal; umbellules very few flowered, 2 3( 5) -flowered; pedicels extremely unequal. Calyx teeth evident triangular or subulate, subequal, sometimes obscure. Petals white or purplish, ovate or long-obovate, base attenuate and thickening near attachment, apex narrow, inflexed, rarely plane. Stylopodium either conic and long-tapering into elongate erect styles (styles usually twice as long as the stylopodium) or low-conic abruptly tapering into short, deflexed styles (shorter than or equal to the stylopodium) . Fruit oblong-ovoid or ovoid, slightly laterally compressed, glabrous; ribs 5, denticulate, finely scabrid or filiform; vittae 1 3 in each furrow, 2 4 on the commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-parted or bifid.[25] [more]

Pterocyclus

[more]

Pteroselinum

Ptychotis

[more]

Registaniella

Reilia

Reutera

[more]

Rhabdosciadium

Rhabdosiadium

Rhodosciadium

[more]

Rhodoxis

[more]

Rhopalosciadium

Rhysopterus

[more]

Rhyticarpus

[more]

Ridolfia

[more]

Rumia

Rupiphila

Ruthea

[more]

Rutheopsis

Sajanella

Saposhnikovia

Herbs perennial, glabrous. Rootstock thick and branched, annular, crown surrounded by fibrous remnant sheaths. Stem much-branched from base, thinly ribbed, branches almost equaling stem. Leaves 2-3-pinnate/pinnatisect. Umbels terminal and lateral; bracts absent; bracteoles several, linear-lanceolate. Calyx teeth short, triangular-ovate. Petals white, obovate with incurved tip, glabrous. Stylopodium conic; styles short, elongated and reflexed in fruit; ovary densely white tuberculate. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, strongly dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs slightly prominent, lateral ribs narrowly winged; vittae 1 in each furrow, one large vittae in each rib, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane.[26] [more]

Scaligera

Scandicium

Schizeilema

[more]

Schlechterosciadium

Schlosseria

Schoenolaena

Schtschurowskia

[more]

Schulzia

Herbs perennial, glabrous. Tap root cylindric. Stem conspicuous, erect, or obsolete, base clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves petiolate, sheaths dilated, white and membranous at margins; blade 2-3-pinnate; ultimate segments linear-lanceolate or linear. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; rays stout, subequal or unequal; bracts and bracteoles 2-3-pinnate; umbellules many-flowered. Calyx teeth minute or obsolete. Petals white, obovate, base cuneate, apex with small incurved lobule. Stylopodium conic; styles erect, divergent or reflexed. Fruit oblong-ovoid or ovoid, slightly compressed laterally; ribs narrow, slightly winged; vittae 3-4 in each furrow, 4-8 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-parted.[27] [more]

Schumannia

Herbs, perennial. Taproot long, deeply rooted, irregularly thickened, usually with 1 to several globose tubers. Stem solitary, erect, base densely clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves bluish green with prominent white veins, petiolate; blade 3-4-ternately dissected; ultimate segments linear, plane or falcate. Umbels compound, terminal on stem and branches; bracts absent; umbellules many-flowered, capitate; bracteoles several, lanceolate or ovate lanceolate, entire; pedicels obsolete. Calyx teeth subulate or lanceolate when young, becoming dilated. Petals yellowish, obovate, apex incurved, abaxially pubescent, paler, margins green or purplish-red. Stylopodium low-conic, base dilated, undulate; styles elongate, recurved. Fruit ellipsoid, strongly dorsally compressed, densely pubescent; dorsal ribs obscure, lateral ribs broad-winged; vittae 3-5 in each furrow, 10-12 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft near base.[28] [more]

Sclerochorton

[more]

Sclerotiaria

Scorodosma

Selinopsis

Selinum

Herbs perennial. Roots stout, taproot elongate or cylindrical. Stems erect, base clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves 23-pinnate or ternate-2-pinnate. Stem leaves gradually reduced upwards, becoming sessile on expanded sheaths. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts entire, 23-lobed at apex, or 12-pinnate, or absent; rays numerous; bracteoles usually similar to bracts. Calyx teeth evident, linear-lanceolate, equaling or exceeding the stylopodium, unequal. Petals white or pinkish, obovate, base cuneate, apex notched with small incurved lobule (except L. weberbaurianum). Stylopodium conic; styles ca. 2 × stylopodium, reflexed after flowering. Fruit oblong-ovoid, ovoid or suborbicular, compressed dorsally, glabrous; dorsal ribs thickened or narrowly winged; lateral ribs broad-winged (2 × dorsal wings) ; vittae 1(4) in dorsal furrows, 14 in lateral furrows, 28 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[29] [more]

Semenovia

Herbs, perennial. Taproot fusiform, crown usually clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Stem usually solitary. Basal and lower leaves 1 2-pinnate. Umbels terminal and lateral; umbellules 10 30-flowered. Calyx teeth minute or conspicuous. Petals white, rarely pale yellow, outer flowers of the umbel radiant with outer petals enlarged, broad obovate, apex deeply 2-lobed, abaxially puberulent. Stylopodium conic; styles slightly longer than stylopodium, reflexed. Fruit ovoid or ovoid-oblong, pilose to glabrous, dorsally compressed; dorsal and intermediate ribs raised, rarely undulate, lateral ribs broadly winged or nearly as wide as the dorsal; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure, filiform, usually extending to the base or at least to 3/4 length of mericarp. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-parted to base.[30] [more]

Seselopsis

Herbs, biennial, glabrous. Roots fusiform, woody. Stem solitary, erect, sparsely branched. Basal leaves petiolate, petioles sheathing; blade ternate-2-pinnate; ultimate segments linear-lanceolate. Umbels compound, terminal; bracts absent; rays unequal; bracteoles several, linear or lanceolate, entire. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white or purplish, obcordate, base cuneate, apex notched, with narrow inward curved lobule, outer petals of umbellules slightly larger (radiant). Stylopodium low-conic; styles ca. equal to stylopodium, reflexed. Fruit ovoid, slightly dorsally compressed, glabrous; dorsal and intermediate ribs narrowly winged, lateral wings often broader; vittae solitary in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[31] [more]

Shoshonea

[more]

Siebera

[more]

Silaum

Herbs, perennial, glabrous. Stem erect, solid, striate, base clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves long-petiolate, 34-pinnate; ultimate segments broadly lanceolate to linear, acute. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts absent or few, linear, deciduous; bracteoles numerous. Calyx teeth minute, conspicuous. Petals yellow, outer reddish-tinged, ovate, midvein elevated on both surfaces, apex narrowly inflexed. Stylopodium low-conic; styles short, reflexed. Fruit ovoid-oblong to subcylindrical, glabrous; mericarps subpentagonal in cross section; ribs 5, acute, narrowly winged; vittae small, numerous, obscure when mature. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[32] [more]

Silaus

[more]

Similisinocarum

Sinocarum

Herbs, perennial, slender, glabrous (except S. filicinum). Rootstock fusiform or elongate, usually slender. Stems erect, solitary or 24, caespitose. Basal leaves petiolate; petiole sheath usually broad, ovate or oblong-ovate at base; blade ternate-13-pinnate or 13-pinnate. Leaves reduced upwards. Inflorescence branching, umbels compound, terminal; bracts mostly absent, occasionally 14, linear or similar to uppermost leaf; rays few, usually 515; bracteoles present (rarely absent), usually linear, entire, apex rarely lobed; umbellules usually many-flowered. Calyx teeth obsolete, or conspicuous, triangular or subulate-lanceolate. Petals white or purple, ovate, oblong-ovate or obovate, base clawed, apex acute or slightly obtuse, rarely 23-lobed or palmately 35-lobed. Stylopodium flat, rarely low-conic; styles short. Fruit oblong-ovoid, slightly laterally compressed, smooth; ribs 5, filiform; vittae 13 in each fur¬row, 26 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-fid or 2-parted.[33] [more]

Sinodielsia

Sinolimprichtia

Herbs, perennial, all parts glabrous. Taproot thick, long-conic, branched. Stem stout, usually solitary, unbranched, hollow, ribbed, purplish, base densely clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves mostly basal, petiolate, sheath broad and clasping at base, base often below ground level; blade (2-) 3-4-ternate-pinnate, very finely divided, rather small; ultimate segments narrow. Umbels compound, mainly one large terminal and a few smaller lateral umbels; bracts absent; rays many, subequal, thick, congested; bracteoles many, 2-3-pinnate or entire, margin scarious; umbellules many-flowered, congested. Calyx teeth small, ovate to ovate-triangular. Petals ovate or obovate, yellowish or white, sometimes flushed purple, midvein darker, base clawed, apex inflexed. Stylopodium low-conic, dark purple; styles long, reflexed. Fruit ellipsoid, slightly laterally compressed; ribs 5, dorsal ribs filiform; lateral ribs very narrowly winged; vittae large, 2-3 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore very slender, 2-parted to base. [34] [more]

Sisarum

Sison

Sison can refer to: [more]

Sonderina

Soranthus

Herbs, perennial, entirely glabrous. Taproot elongate. Stem solitary, erect, base densely clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Leave petiolate; blade broadly ovate, 3-pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear. Umbels compound, terminal on stem and branches; bracts absent; bracteoles several, ovate or ovate-lanceolate. Flowers subsessile, forming numerous globular-capitate umbellules, central flowers in umbellules staminate, peripheral flowers pistillate, median flowers bisexual. Calyx teeth short, acute. Petals pale green, ovate, apex narrow inflexed, abaxially puberulous. Stylopodium low-conic, base slightly dilated, lobed; styles recurved. Fruit ellipsoid, strongly dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs filiform, prominent, lateral ribs broadly winged; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2-4 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[35] [more]

Spananthe

[more]

Sphaenolobium

Sphallerocarpus

Herbs perennial. Stem terete, much branched, pubescent (especially around nodes). Leaves 2-3-pinnate, very finely divided. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts absent; rays numerous; bracteoles several, ovate-lanceolate, margin scarious. Flowers of the terminal umbels almost wholly bisexual, staminate flowers sometimes present in lateral umbels, outer petals of outer umbels often radiant. Calyx teeth minute, subulate or obsolete. Petals obovate. Stylopodium conic or depressed, entire or undulate; styles short, erect or recurved. Fruit ellipsoid-oblong, slightly flattened laterally, constricted at commissure; ribs 5, prominent, undulate; vittae 2-3 in each furrow, 4-6 on commissure. Seed face broadly sulcate. Carpophore bifid, cleft to near base.[36] [more]

Sphenosciadium

[more]

Sphondylium

Spielmannia

[more]

Spuriodaucus

Spuriopimpinella

Stefanoffia

Stenocoelium

Herbs, perennial. Root rather thick. Stem inconspicuous or short-caulescent, base clothed with fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves numerous, rosulate, petiolate, sheathing; blade 2-pinnate. Umbels compound, primary umbel terminal; bracts and bracteoles numerous, linear or linear-lanceolate, with short hairs, margins broadly white-membranous; rays stout, angular; umbellules many-flowered; lateral umbels smaller. Calyx teeth conspicuous, acute-triangular. Petals white, midrib violet, obovate, base cuneate, apex notched with a narrow incurved lobule, pubescent abaxially. Stylopodium short-conical; styles ca. 2 × stylopodium, reflexed. Fruit ovoid, slightly compressed dorsally; ribs thick-obtuse, very prominent, irregularly denticulate especially along ribs, denticles stiff-membranous or with stiffly scarious-processes and hairs; furrows narrow; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[37] [more]

Stenosemis

Stephanorossia

Stewartiella

Stoibrax

Sumbulus

Symphyoloma

Synclinostyles

Synelcosciadium

[more]

Taeniopetalum

Taeniopleurum

[more]

Talassia

Herbs perennial. Taproot branching, thickened, woody, crown densely covered in fibrous remnant sheaths. Stem much-branched, gray-green, glabrous. Leaves petiolate, articulate between the petiole and leaf blade; leaf blade ovate or broadly-ovate in outline, 3-pinnatisect, bluish-green; ultimate segments lanceolate or linear. Compound umbels terminal; bracts and bracteoles absent; umbellules few to many-flowered. Calyx teeth triangular, apex obtuse. Petals yellow. Stylopodium depressed, base dilated, erect in fruit; style short, recurved. Fruit ellipsoid, dorsally compressed, glabrous; ribs filiform, dorsal and intermediate ribs close together, lateral ribs remote; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure, very small. Seed face plane or slightly convex. Carpophore parted to near base.[38] [more]

Tamamschjanella

Tenorea

[more]

Tepso

Tetrataenium

Thamnosciadium

Thorella

Caropsis verticillatoinundata is a species of in the Apiaceae, the only member of the genus Caropsis. It is endemic to Western Europe and Southwestern Europe. [more]

Thyselium

Thysselinum

[more]

Tiedemannia

[more]

Tilingia

[more]

Tinguarra

[more]

Tiricta

Todaroa

[more]

Tommasinia

Tongoloa

Herbs perennial, essentially glabrous, often scabrous at nodes and base of umbel. Taproot long-conic. Stem slender, thinly ribbed or striate, usually branched, petiole remnants not persistent. Leaves petiolate; petioles sheaths inflated, membranous; blade triangular to broadly lanceolate, 3-ternate/pinnate or 2-3-pinnate; ultimate segments narrow. Umbels terminal or lateral; bracts and bracteoles often absent, sometimes several. Calyx teeth minute. Petals obovate to elliptic-ovate, white, pink or dark purple (often variable within a species), base claw-like, apex obtuse or notched with incurved tips. Stylopodium short-conic or depressed. Fruit broadly ovoid, base cordate or obtuse, apex slightly constricted, slightly laterally compressed, glabrous; ribs 5, filiform; vittae (2-) 3 in each furrow, (2-) 4 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore divided half its length or more.[39] [more]

Tordyliopsis

Herbs, perennial, clump-forming. Rootstock short, stout, branched. Stem erect, slender, simple or sparingly branched, bases clothed in fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves pinnate, oblong in outline, petioles slender, narrowly sheathing. Stem leaves reduced upwards, sheaths expanded. Umbels compound; bracts and bracteoles numerous, ovate-lanceolate, largely enveloping flowers. Calyx teeth linear, unequal. Petals greenish- or purplish-white, obovate, dimorphic, outer petals in umbellules enlarged (radiant), apex notched, narrowly inflexed. Stylopodium domed; styles long. Fruit ellipsoid, strongly compressed dorsally, sparsely hairy when young, smooth at maturity; dorsal ribs inconspicuous, lateral ribs extended into broad wings, wings with strengthening cells beneath the inner margin; vittae 1 in each furrow, clavate, extending for more than 1/2 fruit, 1-4 or absent on commissure (often abortive). Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.[40] [more]

Tornabenea

Trachypleurum

Trachysciadium

Tragium

Tragoselinum

Trepocarpus

[more]

Trigonosciadium

Trisanthus

Trochiscanthes

[more]

Turbith

Turgeniopsis

Uldinia

Upopion

Uraspermum

[more]

Vanasushava

Velaea

A Genus in the Kingdom Plantae. [more]

Vicatia

Herbs perennial. Taproot stout, short, sometimes branched. Stem single or 2-3, erect, branched above. Leaves petiolate, sheathing; blade triangular, ternate-2-3-pinnate, or 1-2-pinnate. Umbels compound, terminal on stem and branches; bracts few or absent; rays unequal; bracteoles several, entire; umbellules 8-20-flowered. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals ovate or obovate, white or flushed purple, apex narrow inflexed, base clawed or cuneate. Stylopodium low conic or depressed; styles short, recurved. Fruit ovoid or oblong-ovoid, slightly laterally compressed, smooth; ribs filiform; vittae (1-) 3-4(-5) in each furrow, (1-) 4-6(-8) on commissure. Seed face deeply concave or sulcate. Carpophore 2-parted, sometimes to base.[41] [more]

Visnaga

Wallrothia

Wendia

Wydleria

Wylia

[more]

Xanthogalum

[more]

Xanthoselinum

Xanthosia

Xanthosia is a genus of plants of family Mackinlayaceae, but sometimes also placed in Araliaceae or Apiaceae. It comprises 20 species of shrubs endemic to Australia. The habit may also be as a herb. They are found in all Australian states, but not found in the Northern Territory. [more]

Xatardia

[more]

Zeravschania

At least 3 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Zeravschania.

More info about the Genus Zeravschania may be found here.

Footnotes

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  1. Menglan She, Fading Pu, Zehui Pan, Mark Watson, John F. M. Cannon, Ingrid Holmes-Smith, Eugene V. Kljuykov, Loy R. Phillippe & Michael G. Pimenov "Apiaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  2. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Archangelica". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 156. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  3. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Coelopleurum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 156. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  4. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Cortia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 154. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  5. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Cortiella". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 153. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  6. She Menglan (Sheh Meng-lan), Mark F. Watson "Cyclorhiza". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 53. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  7. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Czernaevia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 157. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  8. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Dickinsia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 18. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  9. "Dregea". in Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 250. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  10. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson, Michael G. Pimenov, Eugene V. Kljuykov "Eriocycla". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 79. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  11. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Haplosphaera". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 152. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  12. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Harrysmithia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 110. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  13. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Hyalolaena". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 112. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  14. Sheh Meng-lan, Michael G. Pimenov, Eugene V. Kljuykov, Mark F. Watson "Libanotis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 117. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  15. Pu Fa-ting, Michael G. Pimenov "Lithosciadium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 135. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  16. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Meeboldia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 33. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  17. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Nothosmyrnium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 113. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  18. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Notopterygium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 53. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  19. Pu Fa-ting, Michael G. Pimenov, Eugene V. Kljuykov. "Oreocomopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 154. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  20. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Ostericum". in Flora of China Vol Page. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  21. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Pachypleurum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 151. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  22. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Phlojodicarpus". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 181. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  23. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Physospermopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 31. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  24. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Pleurospermopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 51. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  25. Nang Ban Qin Shu "Pternopetalum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 85. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  26. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Saposhnikovia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 204. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  27. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Schulzia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 133. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  28. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Schumannia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 180. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  29. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Selinum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 137. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  30. Pu Fading (Pu Fa-ting), Mark F. Watson "Semenovia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 202. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  31. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Seselopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 112. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  32. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Silaum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 134. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  33. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson, Ingrid Holmes-Smith "Sinocarum". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 82. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  34. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Sinolimprichtia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 55. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  35. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Soranthus". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 181. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  36. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Sphallerocarpus". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 25. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  37. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Stenocoelium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 139. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  38. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Talassia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 193. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  39. Pan Zehui, Mark F. Watson "Tongoloa". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 34. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  40. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Tordyliopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 203. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  41. Pu Fa-ting, Mark F. Watson "Vicatia". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 52. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 18:50:25