The Alstroemeriaceae is a family of flowering plants, with 200 species in three or four genera, native to the Americas, from Central America to southern South America.
The genus Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian lilies, are popular florist's and garden flowers. The genus Bomarea is a vine that produces clusters of variously-colored, bell-shaped flowers.
The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), treats the family in the order Liliales, in the clade monocots. The APG III system, of 2009, merged the obscure family Luzuriagaceae into the Alstroemeriaceae, since the former group included only two genera, was the sister group of the Alstroemeriaceae, and possessed the same distinctive twisted petioles.
- Tribe Luzuriageae
- Lu zuriaga
Bomarea sp. in southern Ecuador
The Family Alstroemeriaceae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (11): Asteroideae · Cestroideae · Isopyroideae · Larinae · Plumerioideae · Potentilloideae · Ranunculoideae · Rhinanthoideae · Rhododendroideae · Scrophularioideae · Violoideae
- Tribe (13): Allamandeae · Anemoneae · Anthemideae · Astereae · Cheloneae · Coreopsideae · Geeae · Isopyreae · Larini · Nicotianeae · Plumerieae · Rhododendreae · Violeae
- Genus (5): Alstroemeria · Bomarea · Leontochir · Schickendantzia · Taltalia
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,454 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in the Family Alstroemeriaceae.
Alstroemeria (; syn. Alstremeria), commonly called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas, is a South American genus of about 120 species of flowering plants. Almost all of the species are restricted to one of two distinct centers of diversity, one in central Chile, the other in eastern Brazil. Species of Alstroemeria from Chile are winter-growing plants while those of Brazil are summer-growing. All are long-lived perennials except A. (Taltalia) graminea, a diminutive annual from the Atacama Desert of Chile. [more]
Bomarea is one of the two major in the plant family Alstroemeriaceae. Most occur in the Andes. Several species are occasionally found as garden plants. [more]
More info about the Genus Taltalia may be found here.
- Aagesen, L. & A. M. Sanso. (2003). "The phylogeny of the Alstroemeriaceae, based on morphology, rps16 intron, and rbcL sequence data". Syst. Bot. 28 (58).
- Sanso, A. M. & C. C. Xifreda (1997). "A morphological and taxonomic appraisal of the monotypic South American genus Schickendantzia (Alstroemeriaceae)". Scripta Bot. Belgica 15 (139).
- Alstroemeriaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), The families of flowering plants.
- NCBI Taxonomy Browser
- links at CSDL, Texas
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