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Boletales

(Order)

Overview

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An Order in the Kingdom Fungi.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Order Boletales is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Boletaceae

Boletaceae are a family of mushrooms, primarily characterized by developing their spores in small pores on the underside of the mushroom, instead of gills, as are found in agarics. Nearly as widely distributed as agarics, they include the Cep or King Bolete (Boletus edulis), much sought after by mushroom hunters. As a whole, the typical members of the family are commonly known as boletes. [more]

Coniophoraceae

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Gomphidiaceae

Gomphidiaceae are a family of mushrooms in Boletales or pored fungi. Unlike other boletes, all members of Gomphidiaceae (except for Gomphogaster) are agarics, having gills instead of pores. Member genera include Chroogomphus, , Gomphidius and Gomphogaster, the last being a monotypic genus (i.e. with a single species) which may be incorporated into Gomphidius in the future after molecular assessment. The similarly named genus Gomphus is unrelated to this family. Another genus Brauniellula has since been sunk into Chroogomphus. [more]

Gyroporaceae

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Hygrophoropsidaceae

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Hymenogasteraceae

The Hymenogastraceae is a family of fungi in the Agaricales. [more]

Leucogastraceae

Leucogastraceae is a family of fungi in the order Boletales. [more]

Melanogastraceae

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Octavianiaceae

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Octavianinaceae

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Paxillaceae

The Paxillaceae are a family of mushrooms bearing close affinity to the Boletes. Collectively, the family contains nine genera and 78 species. The type genus is Paxillus, containing fungi with decurrent gills, and Gyrodon, which has members with decurrent pores, among others. French mycologist Ren? Maire had erected the family in 1902, placing it between the agarics and boletes and recognizing the groups' similarities with the latter group. Maire's usage of the name was later deemed to be invalid, and the genus authority is attributed to Johannes Paulus Lotsy. More recent molecular research confirms the relations of Gyrodon, with the decurrent-pored mushroom G. lividus, and Paxillus as sister groups, together lying near the base of a phylogenetic tree from which the genus Boletus arises. The name Gyrodontaceae, published by Belgian botanist Paul Heinemann in 1951, is considered synonymous with Paxillaceae. [more]

Pisolithaceae

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Rhizopogonaceae

Rhizopogonaceae are a family of fungi in the order Boletales. The family, first named and described by botanists and Carroll William Dodge in 1928, contains 3 genera and 152 species. [more]

Sclerodermataceae

The Sclerodermataceae are a family of fungi in the order Boletales, containing several genera of unusual fungi that little resemble boletes. Taxa, which include species commonly known as the ?hard-skinned puffballs?, ?earthballs?, or 'earthstars', are widespread in both temperate and tropical regions. The best known members include the earthball Scleroderma citrinum, the dye fungus Pisolithus tinctorius and the 'prettymouths' of the genus Calostoma. [more]

Strobilomycetaceae

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Suillaceae

The Suillaceae are a family of fungi in the order Boletales (suborder Boletineae), containing the boletus-like Suillus, the small truffle-like Truncocolumella, as well as the monotypic genus Psiloboletinus. As of 2008, there are 54 species in the family. Gastrosuillus, once considered a distinct genus, has been shown with molecular analysis to be a recent evolutionary derivative of Suillus. Fuscoboletinus, described by Pomerleau and Smith in 1962, has also been subsumed into Suillus. [more]

At least 191 species and subspecies belong to the Family Suillaceae.

More info about the Family Suillaceae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 16:34:13