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Firmicutes

(Phylum)

Overview

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A Phylum in the Kingdom Bacteria.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Phylum Firmicutes is a member of the Kingdom Bacteria. Here is the complete "parentage" of Firmicutes:

The Phylum Firmicutes is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Acidaminococcaceae

[more]

Aerococcaceae

[more]

Alicyclobacillaceae

[more]

Bacillaceae

Bacillaceae is a family of Gram-positive, heterotrophic, rod-shaped bacteria that may produce endospores. Motile members of this family are characterized by peritrichous flagellae. Some Bacillaceae are aerobic, while others are facultative or strict anaerobes. Most are non-pathogenic, but Bacillus species are known to cause disease in humans. [more]

Carnobacteriaceae

The Carnobacteriaceae are a family of Gram-positive lactic acid bacteria. [more]

Clostridiaceae

The Clostridiaceae are a family of the Clostridia, and contains the Clostridium genus. [more]

Enterococcaceae

The Enterococcaceae is a family of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the order of Lactobacillales. Representative genera include , Enterococcus, Melissococcus, Pilibacter, Tetragenococcus, and Vagococcus. In this family are some important lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which produce lactic acid as the major metabolic end product. [more]

Eubacteriaceae

[more]

Lactobacillaceae

The Lactobacillaceae are a family of lactic acid bacteria. [more]

Leuconostocaceae

The Leuconostocaceae is a family of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the order of Lactobacillales. Representative genera include Leuconostoc, Oenococcus and Weissella. Bacteria that belongs to these three genera are Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, round or elongated in shape, are anaerobic or aerotolerant. They usually inhabit nutrient-rich environments such as milk, meat, vegetable products and fermented drinks (Bj?rkroth & Holzapfel, 2006). Lactic acid is the main end product of their characteristic heterofermentative carbohydrate metabolism. The phylogeny of the family of Leuconostocaceae has recently been evaluated by Chelo et al., 2007 [more]

Mycoplasmataceae

The Mycoplasmataceae is a family of bacteria in the order Mycoplasmatales. This family comprises the species Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. [more]

Paenibacillaceae

The Paenibacillaceae are a family of Gram positive bacteria. [more]

Peptococcaceae

[more]

Sporolactobacillaceae

[more]

Staphylococcaceae

The Staphylococcaceae is a family of Gram positive bacteria that includes the genus Staphylococcus, noted for encompassing several medically significant pathogens. [more]

Streptococcaceae

The Streptococcaceae is a family of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the order of Lactobacillales. Representative genera include Lactococcus, , Pilibacter, and Streptococcus. [more]

Syntrophomonadaceae

[more]

Thermoanaerobacteriaceae

[more]

At least 43 species and subspecies belong to the Family Thermoanaerobacteriaceae.

More info about the Family Thermoanaerobacteriaceae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 25, 2014
2014/08/25 12:34:28