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Halobacteria

(Class)

Overview

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A Class in the Kingdom Archaea.

Taxonomy

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The Class Halobacteria is further organized into finer groupings including:

Orders

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Halobacteriales

In taxonomy, the Halobacteriales are an order of the Halobacteria, found in water saturated or nearly saturated with salt. They are also called halophiles, though this name is also used for other organisms which live in somewhat less concentrated salt water. They are common in most environments where large amounts of salt, moisture, and organic material are available. Large blooms appear reddish, from the pigment bacteriorhodopsin. This pigment is used to absorb light, which provides energy to create ATP. Halobacteria also possess a second pigment, halorhodopsin, which pumps in chloride ions in response to photons, creating a voltage gradient and assisting in the production of energy from light. The process is unrelated to other forms of photosynthesis involving electron transport; however, and halobacteria are incapable of fixing carbon from carbon dioxide. [more]

At least 76 species and subspecies belong to the Order Halobacteriales.

More info about the Order Halobacteriales may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 16:02:05