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Triconodonta

(Infraclass)

Overview

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Taxonomy

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The Infraclass Triconodonta is a member of the Subclass Theriiformes. Here is the complete "parentage" of Triconodonta:

The Infraclass Triconodonta is further organized into finer groupings including:

Orders

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Therapsida

Therapsida is a group of the most advanced synapsids, and include the ancestors of mammals. Many of the traits today seen as unique to mammals had their origin within early therapsids, including hair, lactation, and an erect posture. The earliest fossil attributed to Therapsida is believed to be Tetraceratops insignis (Lower Permian). Therapsids evolved from 'pelycosaurs' (specifically sphenacodonts) 275 million years ago. They replaced the pelycosaurs as the dominant large land animals in the Middle Permian. They remained the dominant fauna until replaced by archosaurs and rhynchosaurs in the Middle Triassic although some therapsids, the kannemeyeriiforms for example, remained diverse in the Late Triassic. The therapsids included the cynodonts, the group that gave rise to mammals in the Late Triassic around 225 million years ago. Of the non-mammalian therapsids, only cynodonts and dicynodonts survived the Triassic?Jurassic extinction event. The last of the non-mammalian therapsids, the cynodont tritylodontids, became extinct in the Early Cretaceous, approximately 100 million years ago. [more]

At least 1,057 species and subspecies belong to the Order Therapsida.

More info about the Order Therapsida may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: October 04, 2013
2013/10/04 06:06:48